Schlagwort-Archive: Malaysia

Indonesien & Malaysia: Dramatische Abholzung und Artensterben in Kauf genommen

Auszug aus dem Buch des Zürcher Fotojournalisten Gerd M. Müller. Das ganze Manuskript ist als E-Book-Version vorhanden und Leseproben finden Sie hier.

Dieses Bild hat ein leeres Alt-Attribut. Der Dateiname ist Buchtitelbild.jpg-592x960.jpg

Vorwort

Das Buch des Zürcher Foto-Journalisten Gerd Michael Müller nimmt Sie ab den wilden 80er Jahren mit auf eine spannende Zeitreise durch 30 Länder und 40 Jahre Zeitgeschichte mit Fokus auf politische Skandale und ökologische Vorgänge in Krisenregionen rund um den Globus. Er beleuchtet das Schicksal indigener Völker, zeigt die Zerstörung ihres Lebensraumes auf, rückt ökologische Aspekte und menschenliche Schicksale in den Vordergrund, analysiert scharfsichtig und gut informiert die politischen Transforma-tionsprozesse. Müller prangert den masslosen Konsum und die gnadenlose Ausbeutung der Ressourcen an, zeigt die fatalen Auswirkungen wirtschaftlicher Ausbeutung, gesellschaftlicher Fahrlässigkeit und poli-tische Ignoranz auf und skizziert Ansätze zur Bewältigung des Klimawandels. Pointiert, hintergründig und erhellend erzählt Müller anhand seiner persönlichen Erlebnissen aus seiner investigativen Reise und Reportagetätigkeit für nahmhafte Medien rund 30 Länder.

Nun zum Bericht über Borneo, Malaysia und Indonesiens Regenwald-Vernichtung:

Dramatische Abholzung und Artensterben in Kauf genommen

Malaysia: A man is trying to cruise on the river in Sarawak which is full of cut off timer trees. © GMC

Wie sieht die Situation heute aus? Der Lebensraum der Menschenaffen hat sich weiter drastisch reduziert und so ist auch ihr Bestand nicht gewachsen sondern wurde weiter dezimiert. Zwar haben Genomiker an Universität in Zürich kürzlich eine neue Art auf Sumatra entdeckt, den Tapanuli-Orang Utan, deren Refugium in den zerklüfteten Bergen der Region Batang Toru in Indonesien liegt. Ein erschossener Orang Utan in Raja wurde näher untersucht und von den Wissenschaftlern als neue Art eingestuft. Sie wird zugleich aber auch die Art sein, die am schnellsten wieder auf dem Primatenradar verschwinden wird. Die geschätzten 800 Primaten sind, wie auf Borneo auch hier in Indonesien von Waldrodungen für Palmölplantagen, Zersiedlung und von einem Staudamm-Projekt betroffen. Und nicht nur sie sterben lautlos aus. Auch viele andere Spezies gehen unter. Eine Million Arten sind in den nächsten Jahrzehnten vom Aussterben bedroht. Dies ist das vernichtende Fazit des «Weltbiodiversitätsrates» (IPBES) von 2019. Reptilien und Vögel haben es schwer, aber auch immer mehr Säugetiere sterben aus. 540 Landwirbelarten wurden im 20 Jahrhundert ausgerottet. Die meisten im asiatischen Raum.

Der Lebensraum vieler Tierarten geht verloren, das Massensterben und der Raubbau gehen weiter. © GMC

Die Schweiz hat gerade eben mit Indonesien ein umstrittenes Wirtschaftsabkommen abgeschlossen und setzt dabei im Abkommen auf «RSPO»-Standards, die in Zusammenarbeit mit Unternehmen, Umweltorganisationen und Hilfswerken entstanden war. Gemäss dem Verordnungsentwurf würden Zertifizierungen nach vier Standards geprüft. Neben dem «Round table on sustainabel Palm Oil» (RSPO), dem «Standard ISCC Plus» (International Sustainability and Carbon Certification) und der sogenannten «POIG» (Palm Oil Innovation Group). Doch damit werden weder die Abholzung noch Staudamm-Projekte gestoppt und auch der Lebensraum der Orang Utan und vieler anderer Spezies ist weiterhin dem Untergang geweiht. Ein Abkommen mit Nachhaltigkeitszielen ist zwar ein kleiner Fortschritt, ändert aber leider nichts an der Tatsache, dass der Raubbau weiter geht und es zu wenig Schutzgebiete gibt, denn der Bedarf an Palmöl ist extrem gestiegen und steigt weiter.

Hier stand einmal ein Regenwald mit unglaublicher Artenvielfalt und Biodiversität, heute nur noch Palmöl

Entsprechend wuchs auch die Anbaufläche, die durch die Rodung des Primärwaldes zustande kam. Seit 2008 ist die Fläche dafür jährlich um 0,7 Millionen Hektaren angestiegen, eine Fläche viermal so gross wie der Kanton Zürich. Und der Bedarf wird sich bis 2050 voraussichtlich nochmals mehr als verdoppeln. Auf der Insel Borneo gehen 50 Prozent der Rodungen auf den Palmölanbau zurück. Im viel grösseren Indonesien sind es auch schon 20 Prozent. Es gibt zwar auch positive Anzeichen der «RSPO»-Zertifizierung, doch das Gros der Betriebe handeln nach dem Prinzip der Ökonomie der Grösse (70 Prozent) und nur ein Drittel werden über Kleinbauern und Kooperativen angebaut, womit das weitere Zerstörungspotential eminent hoch bleibt.

Palm oil plantation in Sarawak, where before the primary forest was destroyed completely. © GMC

Sechs Prozent aller Tierarten befinden sich auf der Insel Borneo. Seit über 4000 Jahren werden die Regenwälder Borneos von den Indigenen bevölkert. Im Laufe der letzten 50 Jahren wurde knapp die Hälfte des Regenwaldes in Kalimantan, dem indonesischen Teil Borneos abgeholzt. Es gibt Tausende von Landkonflikten von indigenen Gemeinden gegen grosse Holzunternehmen, doch der Staat und die Justiz machen es der Bevölkerung schwer, an ihre Rechte heranzukommen und ihr Land gegen den Raubbau zu verteidigen. Zwar gibt es seit 30 Jahren eine Konvention zum Schutz der Regenwälder, doch die wurde nie vom indonesischen Parlament ratifiziert und umgesetzt. Ausserdem ist zu beobachten, dass fast alle Politiker entweder ehemalige oder noch amtierende Holzindustrielle in Jakarta sind, wie Norman Jiwan von der NGO «TuK» berichtet. Und von der Palmölindustrie profitieren nur weniger als 30 der reichsten indonesischen Familien. Da die Rechte der indigenen Völker und ihre seit Jahrhunderten ökologisch genutzter Grundbesitz nicht annerkannt sind, kann die Holzindustrie schalten und walten wie sie will, notabene mit den notwendigen Papieren der Regierung.

Malaysia/Borneo: Iban Headhunter sitting in a typical long house with lot’s of kids around. © GMC

Die Abnehmer der Holzfirmen sind auch die Eigentümer der Palmölindustrie-Betriebe, die so durch den Raubbau gleich doppelt verdienen, denn nur fünf Jahre nach dem Abholzen des Regenwaldes können schon erste Gewinne aus dem Palmölgeschäft vernbucht werden. Die Kleptokratie in Indonesien kennt keine Grenzen. Die Rechte der Indigenen Völker werden gnadenlos unterminiert, ihr Grundbesitz kaum oder ohne Entschädigung  enteignet. Ist der Urwald einmal gerodet kann die Regierung ihn problemlos als minderwertigen Wald bzw. landwirtschftliche Nutzfläche deklarieren und durch Lizenzen an die Palmölgesellschaften verpachten womit die lokalen Gemeinschaften so für immer ihre Rechte an eigenen Land verlieren. Die internationalen Profiteure nebst den indonesischen Firmen sind global Players wie «Nestle», «Cargill», «Unilever», «Procter & Gamble» usw..

Malaysia: A typical Iban Headhunter long house in the rain forest of Sarawak on Borneo Island. © GMC

Die Hafenstadt Samarinda an der Mündung des Flusses Mahakam, ist ideal gelegen um das „Grüne Gold“ nach Übersee zu verschiffen. Das lokale Sägewerk in Samarinda und die Holzfällerfirma sind «FSC»-zertifiziert. Viele streben die «FSC»-Zertifizierungen an und erhalten sie auch, obschon sie ihr Geschäft mit Landraub auf indigenen Gebieten rücksichtslos ausdehnen. Daher kann man den wenigsten Zertifizierungen Glauben schenken. Es ist reine Augenwischerei, darauf vertrauen zu wollen. Denn die Kontrolleure sogenannter Zertifizierungslabels sind private Firmen, die sich die nächsten Aufträge dadurch sichern wollen, dass sie möglichst viel und bedenkenlos zertifizieren, vermeldet die österreichische «Greenpeace-Sprecherin» Ursula Bittner. „Eines der grössten Probleme bei den Kontrollen sind die Akteure im Geschäft. Je lascher die Kontrollen sind, desto mehr Aufträge fliessen den Kontrolleuren zu“. Das führe zu wenigen und ungenügenden Kontrollen, zu Intransparenz, die kaum eine echte Ursprungs-Rückverfolgbarkeit zulassen, moniert «Greenpeace». Die Entscheidungen orientieren sich an der Industrie und der korrupten Politik. Auch Lukas Straumann vom «Bruno Manser Fond» in Basel bestätigt, dass die Korruption in Malaysia und in Indonesien weitverbreitet ist.

Innert 30 Jahren hat der Mensch 60 Prozent der Arten durch seinen rücksichtlosen Raubbau ausgerottet

Tropisches Regenwald-Sperrholz gelangte so auch zu den Olympischen Spielen in Tokyo und wurden via die «Firma Sumitomo Forestry», einer der wichtigsten Holzlieferanten für die Olympischen Spiele in den Stadien dafür gebraucht wurden, die Betonfundamente auszuformen, so Hanna Heineken, Finanzexpertin von «Rainforest Action Network». Die japanische Regierung musste in der Folge zugeben, dass in allen Olympischen Stadien tropisches Regenwaldholz verbaut wurde, das aus zwielichtigen Quellen und von Firmen kamen, die in Landkonflikte, Menschenrechtsverletzungen, Steuerbetrug, Lizenz-Betrug und viele andere Wirtschaftsdelikte involviert waren. Tja und wo ist der Sitz der Olympischen Gemeinde? In der Schweiz, in Lausanne. Da fragt man sich doch, wie weit die Verantwortung des Olympischen Kommitees reicht? Offensichtlich nirgendwo hin! Das «Olympische Kommitee» scherte sich offensichtlich keinen Deut um nachhaltige Spiele und sollte fortan vermehrt in die Pflicht genommen werden.

Malaysia: A handicaped orang utan baby lying on a wood bridge near Orang Utan Reha in Sepilok. © GMC

Leider ist es aber auch so, dass die Schweizer Regierung mit der Indonesischen Regierung ein als nachhaltig gelobtes Witschaftsabkommen abgeschlossen hat, das wie soviele Papiertiger, keinen Cent Wert ist. Es dient lediglich zur Beruhigung allzu gläubiger KonsumentInnen, der Rechtfertigung durch die Ausbeuter und Profiteure in Banken- und Wirtschaftskreisen, niemals aber zum Schutz des Regenwaldes oder zur tatsächlichen Einhaltung indigener Menschenrechte. So auch im malayischen Teil von Borneo.

Die Sarawaker Familie Taib Mahmud ist anüber 400 Firmen beteiligt und hat ihr Vermögen in Dutzende von Ländern verschoben. 150 Millionen US Dollar wurden nach Angaben von «Interpol» jährlich von der Taib Mahmud Familie nachweislich über ein internationales Bankengeflecht gewaschen. Die «Deutsche Bank» war da sehr stark involviert und dem Malayischen Premierminister Najib Rasak wurde im «1MbD-Skandal» nachgewiesen, dass er 681 Millionen Dollar von einer Singaporer Bank erhalten hat, die er im Zusammenhang mit der immensen Geldwäsche beim «1MbD-Fund» abgezweigt hat.

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Links:

GZ-Riesbach Werkschau 29.9.bis 14.11.22)

Konzert und Foto-Ausstellung im GZ Heuried (12.1 bis 8.2.2023)

Autor/Fotografenportrait / Facebook

Bildershop / Shutterstock-Portfolio

HIGHLIGHTS OF A WILD LIFE

Zürich-City: Nelson Mandela’s speach on his first foreign visit in Switzerland after elected as president and for the nobel prize at the Dolder Hotel in front of the swiss economy-elite

A book introduction from Gerd M. Müller

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. The youth riots and political scandals in the 80s              

Legal, illegal, we don’t give a shit about it                                                     

Yearly hundreds died of the heroin abuse                                                                

In the swirl of Swiss political scandals  

 Switzerland as an apartheid accomplice of the Boers                                                                             

2. Internationalization and politicization (86/87)     

Africa 86 : Between the fronts of Senegal and Guinea Bissau

Warsaw 86 : In Pole position behind the iron curtain of the East Bloc             

London 87 : The first contacts with «ANC» exiles                                                     

3. South Africa 87 : In the underground fighting against apartheid                             

93: Mandela’s release and his visit to Switzerland

93/94: ICRC operations in the „ANC-IFP“ civil war

2011: Gadaffi’s billions in Zuma’s hands in hiding

2017: Gupta Leaks: How Indian kleptocrats looted South Africa thanks to Zuma

Botswana: Roaming the Kalahari with the Khoi-San

Africa: Pioneering wildlife and eco-projects in focus

Kenya 2008: ICRC mission after ethnic unrest in the Rift Valley

Namibia 2013: Development aid, HIV schools and in the realm of the cheetahs  

The dark chapter of Germany: genocide, slavery, land theft, rape

4. Cuba, Caribbean Carnival and US Invaders 

Mexico 84: Empire inspired by gods, populated by gods

Mexico 94: Witnessing the Zapatista indigenous uprisings in Chiapas  

Cuba 93-13: Eyewitness to the idealists who feed on hope

Caribbean Sailing Trips: Love of Life & Protest to the Sounds of Calypso

Grenada 92: Breakfast on the aircraft carrier „US John Rodgers

Colombia 97: Hell trip in the service of Swissair

French Guyana 89/05: From the jungle straight into space

Salvador de Bahia 2002: In the witch’s cauldron of magical slave energy

Amazon Cruise with scientists: Species extinction through overexploitation

5. Asian highlights and desasters                                      

Sri Lanka 92: The Pearl of the Orient after the Civil War

Maldives 93: First signs of climate change in a sinking island paradise

Borneo 96: Walk with handicapped Orang Utan in the rain forest

Malaysia &Indonesia: Dramatic deforestation and species extinction accepted    

1996: Bali, Lombok and the Gili-.islands

Philippines 95: On the trail of spiritual healers who open bodies with their bare hands       

Vietnam 93: developed faster than a Polaroid photo

2013: River cruise through Laos in the north and the Mekong Delta.

Magical Mekong Delta Cruise through the meanders of 4000 islands

India 96/13: with the Ayurveda pioneers and

Gujarat 2013: meeting Narenda Moodi in Ahmedabad      

6 . Orient: In Sinai, Lebanon and in the Iranian embassy

Egypt 2004: Witnessing two terrorist attacks among the Bedouins in the Sinai.

Lebanon 2006: In the Palestinian refugee camp „Shatila“ and near Hezbollah

Iran 1970s: The Persian poppy shah and his diplomatic drug princes

The Murderous God State, the Embassy in Bern and Qassam Soleimani’s Execution

Comoros: The perfume islands emerge from obscurity

7. climate horror journey into the unknown: How do we meet the epochal challenge?

Species extinctions & pandemics: Will we survive?

 End times: The sixth mass extinction has begun, will we go down with it?

The droughts in Europe are homemade EU agricultural subsidy policy

Without a radical paradigm shift, we are digging our own grave

Butterfly effects: Hedge funds potentiate wars and climate change

8. Spiritual journeys with ayurveda & cannabis medicine

Ayurvedic medicine: In the realm of loving hands

Canabis prohibition has never worked, medical potential neutered

Good for Alzheimer’s, diabetes type2, multiple sclerosis and parkionson

Hemp is one of the most valuable and versatile crops. A brief overview

9 . Australia, Aborigines and South Sea Highlights   

Australia’s paradisiacal natural paradises and the dirty coal industry

Hope lives underground: Opal seekers in Coober Pedy

South Sea Pearls 96: Bora Bora, Huhine, Moorea, Tetiaroa

10. (A)social media, Big Data, AI, whistleblowers and disruptive media moguls.

Critically examine the role of all media and sources and draw consequences

The curse of Big Data and our willful negligence in using it

Man or machine: who takes command?

Upside-down world: whistleblowers are tortured, mass murderers walk free.

About the Author / Acknowledgements / List of Sources

FOREWORD

The author, Gerd Michael Müller, born in Zürich in 1962, traveled as a photo-journalist to more than 50 nations and lived in seven countries, including in the underground in South Africa during apartheid. In the 80 years he was a political activist at the youth riots in Zürich. Then he was involved in pioneering Wildlife & eco projects in Southern Africa and humanitarian projects elsewhere in the world. As early as 1993, Müller reported on the global climate change and in 1999 he founded the «Tourism & Environment Forum Switzerland». Through his humanitarian missions he got to know Nelson Mandela, the Dalai Lama and other figures of light. His book is an exciting mixture of political thriller, crazy social stories and travel reports – the highlights of his adventurous, wild nomadic life for reportage photography .

(please note that translation corrections are still in progress and images will follow soon)

1. «Turbulent times»: The youth riots in the 80s

1980 was the year that would shake up the society in Switzerland and plow up over the course of the 80’s. In May of the same year the youth riots in Zürich began. The trigger for that eruption, was the dissatisfaction of the youth with the situation, that no free space was available for young people. This manifested itself most obviously of the upcoming vote on a subsidy contribution of 60 million francs to the Opera House and the Establishment. In return there where not even 10’000 Swiss Francs left for the «Red Factory», at this time the only youth culture center in Zürich City.

In the 70/80th the curfew for everyone in a bar or restaurant was midnight. Half an hour later everyone had to be at home. The leisure variete and cultural offer stopped within narrow limits. There was absolutely no place for teenagers. Only one or two leisure centers existed, focusing on sports. TV, radio, nightlife were completely boring. Good music or films were absolutely rare. Then video stores and the «Walkmen» came up and changed the music world. But still without cell phones, laptops, PC’s, social media and so on, life was as dreary as with the Corona Lockdowns, simply even without internet, digital media and smartphones. No wonder that the youth scene has been simmering for a long time. And suddenly the power erupted, which shook the society not only in Switzerland but throughout Europe. After the 68’s came the next anarchist and youth revolt arrived.

In Switzerland it was gray and dreary in every way at this time. The population persisted in their staid, conservative corset. The dreariness was widespread in Europe. The Vietnam War and the «Cold War“, the wall that divided Germany and the threat from the communists, which became more and more brutal and grotesque. First the extensive napalm bombing from US Soldiers on the civilian population in Vietnam and Cambodia. The „Clockwork Orange“ defoliation campaigns, the horrific images of burning people and children, all the mutilated dead and the prison camps.

Inexplicable of this war of extermination was also, that for decades the war was not approved or dclared by US Congress, but financed from the «CIA» budget. And the «CIA» paid the costs of the bombing by loading tons of opium into empty bomb planes in the Golden Triangle and flew it straight to Mexico, where the opium was processed into heroin. So America has brought the heroin flood to the front door of its own country and the Mexicans got the desaster with the drug kartells. In this kafkaesque operation, the «CIA» definitely lost the «I» completely.

Through the «Cold War» was the nuclear threat should, and not least the danger of the nuclear power plants themselves. At that time Switzerland wanted to become a nuclear power state. As part of this absurd intention in January 1969 it came to a nuclear reactor accident in Lucens in the Canton of Vaud. And later the Tinner brothers proved that you can also export the nuclear know-how to other states. Switzerland provided not only Pakistan but also South Africa with nuclear know-how.

When the cooling system of an experimental reactor at Lucens nuclear power plant (VAKL) in the canton of Vaud failed, there was a partial core meltdown in the reactor. In May, the reactor was put into operation, but soon shut up again. During this standstill, water ran into the reactor’s cooling circuit via a defective fan seal. The magnesium fuel rod cladding tubes corroded. When the reactor was put back into operation in January 1969, the corrosion products hindered cooling. The fuel overheated, melted fuel rods and got on fire. That bursted the moderator tank. In this process, 1100 kg of heavy water with melted radioactive material and carbon dioxide (coolant) were hurled into the reactor cavern.

But back to Zürich with a glance at the local situation in april 1980: Even in the run-up to the vote for the opera house loan, the annual three-day festival at the «Allmend» with open air concerts, flyers for a demo were distributed and youth centers were requested from speakers on stage. On this warm and wonderful weekend the importance of the rising hippy movement occured to me. Of course, almost all people smoked pot on the premises. Some of them also had an LSD trip and the mood was terrific. The music was rock, punk and trimmed for rebellion. After all, the subculture among young people has been simmering since the 68s. That power sound came just at the right time.

By chance, I past on this Saturday afternoon May 30, 1980 with the tram at the Zurich Opera House exactly at that time, where Hundreds of police officers suddenly appeared from inside of the opera towards the demonstrators blocked the entrance lying on the ground (the so-called «cultural dead bodies») and hit the people brutually. They stepped on women and men equally. These brutal scenes took my breath away and made my stomach explode. Once I got off the tram, as already burned the first container and the skirmishes with the police began.

As the police came out with full force, tear gas and rubber bullets shooting around, the situation escalated within a few hours, since at this early Saturday evening many young people in the follow Bob Marley concert were the Hallenstadion and then poured into the city center. Many spontaneously took part in the protests, which had already turned into veritable street battles. From then on, the police had nothing under control for three or four days and the street fighting erupted with full force.

The canton police station on the Limmatquai was surrounded by protesters, two of the police vehicles burned out completely. The entrance to the town hall also looked bad. The city air in the low village was pregnant with be issenden tear gas smoke, dense, than London in November mists. The extent of the destruction was just as unbelievable as the impotence of the security forces when the frustration of the young people and old 68ers, which had been pent up for years, turned into sheer anger, spurred on by the violence of the security forces during the peaceful opera house protest, with which the demonstrators the opera house visitors wanted to show a one-sided subsidy policy.

The first riot Eight followed some more battles over this s year in which the „The movement“ the autonomous each Wednesday’s in the popular assemblies (‚VV’s“) in the People’s House or time on the court Spitz was formed. Every Saturday were demonstrations announced. Regularly the shops in the old town barricaded their shop windows, because the protests continue recordings momentum and all the way to large demonstrations with almost 20’000 people were formed. The young people’s demand was plain and simple: „An autonomous youth center!” , An “AJZ” is needed ! Namely „subito!“

On July 15, 1980, one of the biggest scandals in the history of Swiss television was to take place on the program “CH-Magazin” and the number one topic of conversation in the country was to be debated. (The Zurich youth riots that had fallen with such violence on the honest country who beat waves to the Hudson River and were also from the „New York Times“ taken up. The two televised a loaded representatives / inside the youth movement, Mr and Mrs Müller, let the two city representatives, in conversation with City Councilor Emillie Lieberherr and the police commander with their parody .

The protagonists of the youth movement, „Mr. and Mrs. Smith“, returned n the tables namely to and presented n as a stock conservative pair that politics downright outrageous to inviting, with full force against those „riot technicians“ to proceed. Much larger and harder bullets, for example from Northern Ireland, are an option. The use of napalm must also be discussed. At s onst s it would also with an em ‚ ticket to Moscow „without a return ticket done. First was I stunned and bewildered, my ears did not trust, but then quickly understood the point of the ka fkaesken appearance, the S witzerland far for e ntrüstung and made headlines . „Châpeau, well done, compatriots!“

The exuberant creativity of the „Mov ig “ and their activists culminated in another media coup. When the daily announcer Leon Huber left the news , two masked men suddenly held the sign “Freedom for Georgio Bellini” in front of his chest and into the camera. And disappeared unrecognized.

Then there was still the nude demo s , even this is a previously unthinkable event in the stuffy Zürich, a city on was hard to beat prudery, a Zürich with a curfew from midnight and a very conservative cultural and musical corset. There were no places for young people and their music where they could have met without being forced to consume . It has been seething under the concrete ceiling of this self-satisfied city since 1968 .

Legal? Illegal? Does it matter?

Then, when after months of protests finally the „AJZ“ (Autome s Youth Center Zürich) rose in today’s Car-parking in an old factory plant, the whole creative potential that lay dormant for so long in secret erupted. That was a radical boost for the battered city Indians. Autonomous groups sprout from every hole in the shared apartment, the hippies now unrestrainedly lived their cult and their music in public. At least in the „AJZ“ – an area that is in fact lawless but with massive police surveillance by informers. The Zurich Police Corps was at that time „subito“ to about 30 people just to monitor the „movement“ increased. Moreover, e was in far from larger recruited army of spies to the Hippi monitor scene and all other subversive elements. And there were many.

Admittedly, after all the repression and draconian punishments, the youth’s sayings became more radical. “Power out of the state, cucumber salad” was just one of the unmistakable slogans that were emblazoned on the walls and chanted at the demos. That was already „treason“ at that time and so we were put on the level of terrorists and optionally presented as communists, Maoists or Palestine sympathizers.

The State went with full force on the activists Inne n go and activists. There was in the education system , in administration and in parts of the economy collusion on work and training bans on the „left“ in Serving opportunities such as teachers and educators , pilots, engineers and so on . Auch military service objectors were closed many doors training and denied some activities. U nd then there were also many violations and excessive violence by the police.

One of my friends lost an eye by a rubber bullet. My friend Lena dragged her hair around and her face was badly bruised. I was also arrested once with 300 other people and treated illegally during the 24 hours of pre-trial detention.

Even more spectacular guerrilla actions showed us that humility and respect for authority at eroding was.“ Underground” bars and illegal clubs shot up like mushrooms on the withered Zürich soil. G was ekifft anywhere outdoors and parks circling the joints and bongs and the police did not come to more , to intervene everywhere . The Marihuanna euphoria“ and the scent of freedom was en simply too big and the sweet grass smell suffused the exhaust and diesel smell far. Freedom has never been more lively , greater and more diverse than in the 80s, a time that I call the “ zenith of the last and this millennium” .

On the shores of Lake Zurich, topless bathing was widespread and women enjoyed the freedom to live out the joys and independence that the pill and thus contraception gave them to the full, which is also reflected in uninhibited sexuality and polygamy or in form of gay and trans parties. Back then it was not a crime among us and neither women nor men frowned upon to have sex with dozens of partners and to try out different partnership models over the course of a year . „Sex, Drugs & Rock & Roll“ or rather “ Amore et Anarchia“. What would you like to order?

Any kind of restriction was rejected, Hedoni sm us was our goal and the time of the birds of paradise began. We wanted to experiment without restrictions and try out free love, while unmarried couples were not even allowed to live together. Such a prude was Zurich and Switzerland as a whole at the time. All the more amazing is that the girls melted away like ice cream or even the scepter took over , flirted violently and a “ One Night “ were stand out . In any case, back then as a young man you were sometimes turned on unrestrainedly by women who only had one goal. m it to share the bed and try all kinds of things to you. A time that is as aphrodisiac as it is inspiring.

In short: D ie women for us were luminaries. Very self-confident and eager to experiment. “One man, one vote”, that applied equally to men and women in the youth movement. There were a lot of activists who either made their voice heard or just did what they wanted and how they wanted and nobody in our circles was bothered by it. We , including the men, put make-up on each other and I often ran through the streets to the “Red Factory”, the “Drahtschmidli” or the “AJZ ” with black painted lips, brightly painted faces and fluttering hair. Just one of the many city Indians.

This uninhibited desire to be freed from all constraints lasted until the first HIV infections in the mid-1980s and initially only shook the gay scene. “ AIDS ” was not an issue at the time of the “AJZ” and so many new experiments and life plans developed horizontally. The first teenagers had just come back from India, from Baghwan in „Poona“ and were either totally „high“ or constantly „stoned“ . The Afghan war against it washed infinitely Afghan hashish and heroin, the civil war in Lebanon the „red Lebanese “ in our smoky WG-Stuben and changed the lives , and the townscape and at the same time the political world view.

Punks, rock bands, M-TV and the Walkman revolutionized the music and media world

It was the time of the “ Rolling Stones“, the „Doors“, „Deep Purple“, by Bob Dylan, Janis Joplin and Ji l Scott Heron. It was the time of the „punks“, the rebellion, the free development, the sex and drug orgies and street battles. Nothing was like it used to be and there was no turning back. In the mid 1970s the punk scene only in New York and then in London came up, the foothills sloshed also on Switzerland. Local scenes soon developed, especially in Zurich. In 1977 there was a hard core of around 50 young people in Zurich who had a decisive influence on the Swiss punk and new wave movement. Their first meeting points were the punk clothing store “Booster” with and the “Club Hey” with the first punk discos. In the environment of various autonomous networks such as the Reithalle in Bern or during squatting where the punks were at the forefront. For example, you can find politicized punks in Winterthur , who often see themselves as a counter-movement to the right-wing extremist environment in Switzerland.

With Roger Schawinski’s pirate station “ Radio 24” , which first broadcast from “ Piz Gropera” from Italy, the barren media landscape, consisting of “Radio Beromünster” (unspeakable), Swiss television (boring and simple-minded), “ORF” (just as conservative) and the «ARD» (not much better) , plowed up. «M-TV» found its way with the first cult videos and revolutionized not only the music world but also the youth scene and subculture. And with Radio DRS3, there was also a youth station in Switzerland. Only later did local radio stations get a license and soon there were at least one, if not two radio stations in every canton.

The first residential communities at the beginning of the 1970s enriched the new life plans and forms of the youth movement and also created a lot of solidarity and engagement with other underground movements, freedom fighters and oppressed states such as Palestine, Nicaragua and Vietnam, which was occupied by US soldiers. The time was right, the last but not least by for major socio-political changes, musical protagonists of our time to the s addition to the „Rolling Stones“ , „Queen’s“ , David Bowie Janis Joplin and Jimi Hendrix or “ The Scorpions “ also significantly was also fueled by the « punk bands» . Zurich became a hot spot for the blossoming youth culture, which just exploded in all colors and shapes and provided the basis for the unbelievable burst of liberalization. The cities of Zurich, Bern and Basel have never been seen so freaky and trendy before and never since.

We approached the opposite sex with curiosity and respect, and approached people who thought or looked different, and that was what made the movement so unique. It was the time of the anarchists. We debated s and criticizes s fiercely, arguing and solidar ized us with other oppressed peoples. In the maelstrom of explosive liberation and gre nzenlosen life were rushing P arties endlessly celebrated, but more and more hard drugs such as heroin, came to.

When the „AJZ“ opened in an old factory near the car park on Sihlquai, it washed up all sorts of weird birds and drug dealers with. Soon the Italian drug mafia supplied with the Turkish a merciless gang war, which partially also in the „AJZ“ was held. For a while, it was really dangerous to mess with these guys and we had to put a guard on duty to prevent the worst escalations.

In the early 1980s , hundreds of young people died every year from an overdose of „Aitsch“ . The situation improved only when the methadone -A introduced bgabe and the fixer and drug-related deaths of d disappeared en Zürcherstrasse and in the contact and methadone -A bgabestellen met again.

Hundreds of people died of heroin consumption every year

I am at that time with 17 years off and on from the parents apartment in a W (WG) ohngemeinschaft at Forchstrasse drawn in which Rico Bilger and Tommy Müller , lived two writers and the cultural magazine „Babayga“ out gave that in spinning Wettingen by Kaspar Pfenninger was printed. Another roommate worked in the largest record store in Zurich and he had shipped over 900 LPs (records) to the flat. This opened up such a musical universe for all of us and we floated in Seventh Heaven.

From then on, the mail went off. We all were „subversive“ elements in the eyes of the authorities . „Better subversive than conservative,“ we said calmly. Unmarried couples were not allowed to live together at the time . Since we obviously did n’t care , the police often peeked into the flat uninvited . Since there in the lowest 5- mostly night and day room apartment 10 stayed 15 people two patrols were easily overwhelmed and subjected to barking dogs and applause quickly again. The more we were for spying since here also many „AJZ“ – activists and were received from.

But instead of “making cucumber salad out of the state” , the creative potential exploded in the catering, club scene and media landscape. S inally was not about yes to a counter-revolution and the abolition of democracy and the establishment of an anarchy instead of Parliament and the Federal Council, but simply more freedom in leisure, at work, in the family, in which sexuality, drug use and nightlife . So the people in motion became very creative in the media, published street newspapers, printed flyers and posters, also hung them up (wild posters ) and tried all sorts of crap . Zurich developed from a provincial town into a cosmopolitan city ​​and led to one of the most significant socio-political and cultural changes in Switzerland over the past 50 years.

As soon as the „AJZ“ opened at today’s car park, we set about converting and furnishing the old factory area and building. All kinds of groups were formed: craftsmen groups, the “pickling group” , the “women group” , the “drug group” and the “curve group” , i.e. for young people who had escaped from home and had been advertised by the police . Two of my friends, the Rimoldi brothers, were in the „pickling group“ , my friend Michele in the „curve group“ and I in the „drug group“.

It was a rough , but delightfully e time, a grand new beginning. The „AJZ“ was in the very act autonomously and we all have a big colorful family of creative individuals , alchemists, anarchists and Überlebenskünstler. The heroin glut guide te also too young To th. The youngest were just m al 13 years of age. That was too much. The inhuman plight lasted so long, until the methadone program also as a result of HIV infections came to train and Dr. Uchtenhagen and Councilwoman Emilie Dear junkies from the alley gets e and they finally were looked human.

One of the highlights at that time was the impromptu concert by Jimmy Cliff in the car park. One morning he came to the “ AJZ” with his entourage and was enthusiastic about the Zurich Youth Movement and the “ AJZ” . So much so that he let himself be carried away to a spontaneous concert and in no time at all we tried to build a stage and install the music system and loudspeakers.

Radio 24, Roger Schawinski’s pirate station on Piz Gropero in northern Italy , heard about it and word of the spontaneous concert quickly spread throughout the city. From 4 p.m. onwards, more and more young people flocked to the AJZ and brought trams and road traffic to a standstill on Sihlquai . A uf the square came together at the 3000 persons who frenetically and fully intoxicated with Jimmy Cliff fell into ecstasy. “Unforgetable times, indeed – formative for many of my generation.

When the heroin addiction widespread in Zurich among young activists ripped off many friends, I wanted to put an end to this capital. My 17 year-old girlfriend, Sandy was just a Ü been overdose hospitalized (and a year later she died of heroin). So I decided to travel to Spain with a friend named Marco and set out for new horizons.

Spiritual trips to Iberia, Balearic and Canary Islands and Morocco

So we took the night train to Barcelona and arrived in the city center early in the morning . As soon as we were there, there was the first police raid and we were felted from top to bottom. Fortunately, you didn’t find our withdrawal hashration. We had neatly prepared half a cigarette rod with a ready-made mixture and carefully sealed the parcels again. So we soon drove to Cascais , a suburb of Barcelona , and went through three days of painful heroin withdrawal there. On site we met an American at the train station and heard from him that there was going to be a “Greatfull Dead” concert in Seville, so we went there with him on the train. He generously gave us four „LSD“ trips, which we then shared at the concert with four young American students. When the concert ended around three in the morning and we were pretty exhausted with our hitchhiker backpacks and the four girls, they quartered us in their girls‘ boarding school for a few hours. It was still quite fun there on trips and soon we were thrown out on edge because the bed springs crunched so that the walls wobbled.

When we arrived in Algeciras on the border with Morocco, we had a relapse and bought a helping of heroin. But then a „Guardia Civil“ squad came by, who felt us and dug us in. Fortunately, you could no longer identify the substance that I had knocked out of the policeman’s hand during the raid as a drug. It was some kind of „shit powder“. So the police had to let us out of the underground bunker after two days.

After this unpleasant adventure we ended up in Morocco in the Atlas Mountains, where we found ourselves in the largest hashish-growing area at the gates of Europe. Spaniards and Italo’s went in and out of the farm every day, transporting kilos of grass and hashish. Since we had run out financially, we made our hash oil on site in exchange for a warm fur jacket with a capital A (for anarchy) on it. We smuggled the oil through Spain to Portugal, where we settled in Sitges and, thanks to the sale , were able to live well for a while until hepatitis broke out as a late consequence of heroin consumption. We didn’t want to go to the hospital and we couldn’t afford a good hotel. So we ended up in Ibiza, where Marco had a friend who wasn’t there. We broke into the finca, so to speak, and made ourselves comfortable. Then we separated and everyone lived for a while on the « island of dropouts».

Later I flew to Lanza Rote in the Canary Islands. First I wanted to cross the island with a camel, which unfortunately didn’t work, but then there was a completely different adventure. In Playa Blanca I met a sailing crew with an American, a French and a Moroccan. And they still had a cabin free for me. So I stayed with these guys on the boat for a while. One morning I was woken from a deep sleep because suddenly a herd of elephants stomped on the boat, then shouts came up and when I was the first to stick my head out of the gap, I looked into four machine guns, not half a meter from the tip of my nose. All movement and excitement immediately froze. I froze and was allowed to get out, then all my boat friends. Half a dozen heavily armed elite soldiers from the Guardia Civil stood around us. What happened?

We were on board a sailing ship that belonged to a Swiss man who lived in the USA and had only arrived here in Playa Blanca a few days ago . The French skipper, the Moroccan boat boy and the American friend of the Swiss boat owner had brought the boat here from mainland France. Apparently there was a dispute between the boat owner and the skipper the evening before about the fee for the yacht transfer from southern France to Playa Blanca. And the longer waiting time on site than originally planned.

First the angry skipper wanted to sink the boat, which the crew was able to prevent. Then the Frenchman hissed off in anger. But the „nasty guy“ retaliated by giving the Guardia Civil an anonymous phone call from Arecife airport before he left and saying we had weapons and drugs on board. Of course, an adequate number of people came to us on the boat. After six hours the agony was over, the whole boat examined and the special unit smoked another joint with us to relax after the hard work with the few crumbs they had found on the boat during the search.

Relieved about the withdrawal of the special unit and because New Year’s Eve was approaching, we got drunk playing the rest of the day. The so-called “ Si, Si, Si “ drink, with a third of vodka, a third of Cointreau and a shot of champagne, was devilishly good and we got really excited. Only when the American in the very narrow, hose-like and totally overcrowded bar, fired the sea rescue pistol from the very back across the shop over the counter and the bullet dashed along the bar through the double doors, the party mood among those present was sudden over.

They almost wanted to lynch him and since he was already reaching for the next cartridge, I struck my dear boat friend from the stool with a targeted punch and dragged him out. The American was really drunk but also tough. We saw that when he hit the pavement head first as he staggered, whereupon we dragged him to the pier. But the boat was about two meters lower due to the low tide. One could not think of lifting it down. Otherwise we would all have flooded. So we threw him down on the deck, where he hit, grunted and fell into a coma, but the next morning he somehow got back on his feet with all his bumps, or rather staggered around.

When I returned to Zurich in December 1981 and threatened to slide back into the old drug swamp there, the next radical step came. I packed up my savings and flew to the US on a one-way ticket, stayed with relatives in Danville , Illonois for a month , got my driving test, bought an Oldsmobile, and drove across the country for the next ten months States through. On my return from the United States, there was the “ AJZ“ yet, but soon after it was evacuated and destroyed. But things had changed in the Zwingli town.

During this time I also spent a lot of time at the Rote Fabrik, which was also one of the few hot spots in Zurich for young people at the time. There I also met my third girlfriend, a woman and artist named Betty Weber, who was also seven years older than me. She was a Nubian, i.e. a black woman, and also a very creative artist. I had no fear of touching mature women of any skin color and also learned to „cook on old pans,“ as we casually called a relationship between a younger man and an older woman at that time.

USA-TRIP

After the apprenticeship, I first traveled around the USA for six months. I bought a big Chevi Station Wagon in Danville (Ill.) and drove it across the country to San Francisco and L.A. and back again to Chicago, according to the motto of Jack Kerouack’s book, „On the road again. The trip was just as wild and exciting as described in this fantastic book, with the difference that I was alone on the road, but therefore met a lot of people and women. Two small anecto-den: In the chaste Mormon state of Salt Lake City, of all places, I, then a crisp young 19-year-old hippie, was approached by two women in the parking lot while my ex-girlfriend from Switzerland, who had just visited me for a fortnight, went shopping in the shopping center. The two attractive women had spotted my license plate and wanted to know if I was also from Chicago. The conversation developed into a spontaneous invitation, which I gladly accepted, and so we ended up at the home of the two ladies. I had a good time and exciting discussions with the two, while my ex-girlfriend, who barely spoke English, was bored. At some point she went to sleep, whereupon one of them unabashedly hit on me. But I was more keen on her friend. Later I learned that the lady who flirted with me what the stuff held, had dumped my ex-girlfriend with a sleeping pill, so that we could enjoy ourselves a little. They know nothing, I thought, and so I had an amorous adventure with both of them that I remembered for a long time. It was a bit of a Woodstock feeling.

And in San Francisco I stayed for over a month until the Greatfull Dead New Year’s concert. I parked my Chevi Station Car in the parking lot under the Golden Gate Bridge and there was a big community of people living there in their RVs or Station Cars. You could stay there all the time, but you had to leave for a couple of hours every night after three o’clock. Then I would drive over to Berkley and hang out with the night owls there, returning to the parking lot around six in the morning to go to sleep. Here, too, there were two formidable femme fatal who did a number almost every night, and not always alone. So there were quite a few permissive and experimental escapades on the 1981 trip across the USA from the East to the West Coast and back with over 20,000 miles covered, during which I changed the tires at least ten times and was checked by the police on average every third night, no matter where I parked.

With the time I let then in the beam of the Schein-werfer, the disks down, stretched out sleepily the Swiss passport and said that I pull tomorrow already again further. That was then also. Impressive was also the young pastor in Denver, who not only did coke but also spent his nights at gambling rounds and then stood freshly cheerful and innocent like an angel again in the church and sang psalms. So much for the Protestant clergy. But evenly nevertheless much better, than the klammheimlichen paedophile priests, which gave it to pile and still gives. There would be a lot more to tell about the trip to the USA in the truest sense of the word, but let’s return to Switzerland in the 80s.

In the squirl of Swiss political scandals

I had several good jobs in the 1980s . First I worked in export at the “ Hürlimann Brewery”, then only for three months at a trading company on Bahnhofplatz, where I shifted the entire import of grain flour from Sweden from road traffic to rail, thus not only implementing an ecological goal, but the company also saved a lot of money, as the rail solution was also considerably cheaper. Because after came three guide inserts for three months in Senegal, Poland and London into play . Later I worked for “ Media Daten Verlag”, which published “ Werbewoche” and the “ Media Trend Journal”. Then I became head of advertising for the “ Neue Zürcher Zeitung ” for the areas of tourism, schools and institutes and the sales manager for the “ Swiss Review of World Affairs”, the top-class, English-language magazine of “ NZZ” at the time. At the end I produced the tome “ Portraits of the Swiss advertising industry “ and “ Portraits of the Swiss communications industry“ in m “ Bertschi publishing “ . So I got closer and closer to journalism and I decided to learn the trade through a PR training at the « SAWI» .

In October 1989 I took part in a one-week journalism workshop with the left-wing journalist, writer and historian Niklaus Meienberg who uncovered the “ Villiger scandal in World War II”. This led us to the asylum reception center in Kreuzlingen , where we found an inhumane situation on the evening of our arrival . Before the closed asylum reception office had a dozen freezing refugees well lighted a fire to protect themselves from the bitter cold and warm October. They told us that they had been banned from the reception center for asylum seekers. The police were about to put out the fire. That enraged us. And Niklaus Meienberg really got going. The eloquent chicken orchestrated a shameful tirade of the finest didactics. But Meienberg wouldn’t be Meienberg if the words weren’t followed by deeds and so he instructed us to move the refugees to the youth hostel, which was just open. The poor hostel manager almost fell from his chair when he saw the dozen refugees in front of him , enriched with a bevy of budding journalists. Since it went bureaucratic procedures going on with the papers and had after the first five people because as due to lack of papers, ho are ffnungslos canceled and the refugees were least spend the night in the heat.

Meienberg, however, had called half the German-speaking Swiss press on the scene the next morning and pointed out the inhumane incidents and practices in front of the refugee center ( “ punitive action“). So suddenly we saw ourselves confronted with a crowd of journalists in the hustle and bustle of the press and so besieged the refugee center until we had a discussion with the head of the reception center. Then came the politicians and city councilors , the walled ones, Peter Arbenz , the refugee delegate who issued the reception center manager a clean bill of health , the church organizations that demanded more human dignity. And so the whole week was action. The course went on Friday evening to a close, everyone could overnight a write story about the events of the last week and they Meienberg show was the then gave a brief comment. His comment was weak, not to say lousy. But had I the good fortune or the audacity , my s contribution of “ Weltwoche “ submitted and the icon of this then renowned medium Margrit Sprecher, used it and the essence of another writing workshop participant to a report published on my birthday was . The entry was successful. That spurred me on to keep going in that direction. And because photography has become my passion, combining the two.

The secret files scandaland the P-26 Geheimloge

In 1990 it came to light that both the federal authorities and the cantonal police corps had dug around 900,000 “ pits “ on politically suspicious persons since 1900 . According to official information, more than 700,000 people and organizations were recorded. The observation radius first covered foreign anarchists, Swiss socialists and trade unionists, unwelcome political refugees and foreigners who were expelled. With the rise of anti-communism, left-wing politicians and members of trade unions in particular were monitored. The official aim of the “ fiche “ was to protect the country from subversive activities controlled from abroad.

The fight against subversion was a popular catchphrase during the Cold War. The PUK Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry revealed how broadly this vague term was understood. As emerged from the documents of the “ Intelligence Service and Defense Subgroup ” (UNA), zealous state protectors perceived “alternative”, “greens”, peace movements, third world activists, women’s movements and foreign worker supporters, anti-nuclear activists, “leftists” of all kinds by se, should be classified as potentially dangerous , because they could be infiltrated, hostile – or externally controlled or otherwise manipulated.

I also ordered my file from the police and the Ministry of Justice , which was surprisingly detailed in terms of the movement profile and the contacts, but was otherwise very irrelevant, except for the many black spots in the 14-page protocol, which was probably more the spy identity should cover n and protect , as state secrets, anti-state activities or a “ treason “ of monitored-a-days would have brought . It only showed the blind zeal of the authorities and the sad image of the informers . Very few of us were Marxists, Leninists, Maoists or communists or enemies of the state, even if the motto: „Power from the state cucumber salad“ was chanted. There was a lot of state propaganda and cannons shot at sparrows .

Then there was another political scandal: The „P-26“ secret lodge (Project 26) was a secret cadre organization to maintain the will to resist in Switzerland in the event of an occupation. In 1979/1981 she was appointed as the successor to the special service in the Intelligence Service and Defense (UNA) subgroup and dissolved in 1990 by Federal Councilor Moritz Leuenberger after being announced by a parliamentary commission of inquiry (PUK). No armament was planned for the P-26 members in times of peace, but the illustrious secret society did not care. Provided was that they as a group on the orders of a remaining most overseas exile government would actively n to serve as a news source. A combat mission was not planned. That was reserved for the army alone. Nevertheless, the organization hoarded weapons and set up ammunition depots.

Professionally, at the beginning of the 90s, I was doing my public relations training and was employed by the PR agency “ Leipziger & partner” in Zumikon. The boss was a colonel in the military and a little Nazi . So he was so considered not to my s friend s or role models . But from a professional point of view, he was an ace and well connected, and I benefited a lot from his know-how and his contacts with the military and civil organizations such as “ Helvetas” and the “ Europa Institut”. In the Zumikon PR agency I organized, among others, the „Forum 91“ and the „Colloquium Security Policy & Media» with « NATO» -General Klaus Naumann, two highly political forums with senior military, politicians, scientists n and the media. Two worlds collided: Here the young freak who had sympathy for the « army abolition initiative» and evaded the recruit school, but liked to do community service. One of the well with the anti-builder were symph movement ated On the other hand, the bourgeois establishment, the head of the Swiss army up to the guest speakers, „NATO“ -General Klaus Naumann , who escorted only by three cantonal police came in.

At that time I played in thought the military „by worst-case scenario“ for Switzerland, by the had no idea. A real threat scenario would have been to drop a bomb at this event in the ETH Zurich and to wipe out the leadership of the Swiss Army in one fell swoop. I had a couple of 35mm Flabgeschosse of the “ Oerlikon Buehrle» Manufaktur available , I went at once into teaching. At that time there was no anti-terrorism device for the high-profile event, otherwise I would have known it in detail. It was then that I realized that even as a pacifist you can have a few cryptic terrorist ideas, as is otherwise customary in the military and espionage circles.

Founding the Presse agency and working as a radio man

In 1992 I had the PR diploma in hand, I set up my press and picture agency “ GMC“, referring to a „K-Tipp“ research journalists and two media representatives from the Hotel / catering sector an office , the cooperation built with the tourism Magazine “Travel Inside” and some German-speaking Swiss daily newspapers and international photo agencies and made two trips to the Caribbean this year, first for a sailing trip from Grenada to Trinidad and Tobago, then to Cuba. On the first sailing trip of my life, I wanted to experience the carnival in Trinidad with a couple of people from Bern and Zurich and could actually take the boat to the harbor in the middle of the city ​​center, dock there and so comfortably go to the parades and then back on the boat.

We were so carried away by the carnival in Trinidad that we wanted to bring it to Zurich. And we succeeded, thanks to the Trinidad percussionist on board the sailing trip. Ralph Richardson and his wife Angi , both passionate steel drum playing and Ralph also some steel drum bands and children bands in Zurich taught . By Ralph’s contacts could we Mighty Sparrow, the eight-time „King of Calypso“ for an exclusive gala concert at the Hotel International in Oerlikon , committed. For this purpose we arranged an open air on the market square in Oerlikon with eight Stelldrum bands the day before, a Saturday. Thanks to the cooperation with “ British West India Airlines” (BWIA ), which at the time was new to Zurich, we were able to fly top Caribbean chefs to Zurich for six weeks before the Calypso & Steeldrum Festival, with all the fresh ingredients and plenty of tropical decorations to enjoy in „Hotel International“ in Oerlikon offers Caribbean flair, tropical cocktails and delicious exotic specialties and dishes.

By „Calypso & Steel Drum Festival“ I was with Roger Schawinski “ cooperate Radio 24″ and was with him in an hour-long interview and in special programs as a guest . Auch at “ Radio DRS 3″, the one-hour program about Calypso from Trinidad and Might y Sparrow made, cranked up the promotional track. In addition, Frederic Dru from “ Radio Tropic” was interested in really celebrating this event. It was also nice that the Swiss TV for their first trip transmission from the Caribbean and the concert Mighty Sparrow to the first travel show inspired let s and Mighty Sparrow to premiere a fly let us play. Because the « SRF» travel editor Kurt Schaad and the music editor of Swiss television had been to our gala concert.

Was also encouraging that I thus at „Radio Tropic“ on a voluntary, began to work unpaid basis and then very quickly my own rice endings with the airlines, tour operators and tourist boards produced thereby had a completely free hand. It was a brilliant experience and I did two hour specials about Australia, Africa and the Caribbean. A year or two later came the opportunity with „Radio Kanal K“ also produce broadcasts. The station in the canton of Aargau, known as underground music and culture radio, also left a lot of leeway. And so, to everyone’s amazement, I did a top-class interview with four cantonal party presidents about the hotly debated asylum initiative of the SVP. Among others, Gerry Müller, who later became mayor of Baden, was there . The next protagonist is my favorite enemy Andreas Glarner from SVP from the Aargau community of Arni. Finally came also the two cantonal n FDP and CVP president s the argument to the studio . That was my first such highly political and at the same time top-class occupied interview with four leading politicians to the issues heissesten domestic know-how. And it was a very engaged and controversial discussion.

My professional status as a photojournalist and radio producer as well as the veritable network of photo and press agencies made my value with the airlines soar. For travel n oh Africa I called the „SAA“ South African Airways , the Caribbean , I flew as mentioned with the „BWIA“ , to Brazil with the „TAM“ to the French Ü Overseas Territories and to the South Pacific with the „AOM“ and to Asia ,“Singapore Airlines“ and „Malaysia Airlines ‚ of which I received regularly air tickets for free, as I afterwards mostly in seven daily newspapers R published eportagen and for many glossy magazines worked . “That was a fantastic, exciting and exciting time” .

From the 1990s on, I published travel reports , aviation and economic reports in national daily newspapers such as “A argauer Z eitung ”, “Der Bund”, “Neue Luzerner Zeitung”, “Solothurner Zeitung”, “Südostschweiz” and “Facts” in the „Sonntagszeitung“ , before I starting from 1997 also in the wellness, beauty and lifestyle rail jumped up and appeared in glossy magazines such as „Relax & style,“ „World of Wellness“, „Wellness Live“, „Wellness Magazine“ (D). I have also published reports in “Globo (D)”, “Animan” and “ Welt am Sonntag ” .

2.Internationalization and politicization

Between d en fronts of Sen matter and Guinea Bissau

1986 I was lucky because I was already working in the travel industry, as a tour guide or “ Resident Man a ger “ only three months in Senegal, then to live in Warsaw in Poland, so in the former Eastern bloc and most recently in London for another three months and to be allowed to work. That was three very horizon- broadening stays abroad in one year.

In m the first “ Resident Manager ‚- use in Senegal I had rather a leisurely start, because „AIDS “ was just first appeared on the radar and still puzzled medicine , where it came from , or how the virus was transmitted. At first it was suspected by a fly from Africa. Then monkey bites came into question. So there wasn’t much going on in the “ Club Aldiana ” near M’Bour. Time for a trip to the south of Senegal through the Gambia and down to the Casamance . There ran with my camera in the area around. Since no border was visible in the undergrowth, I was suddenly stopped by a troop of soldiers from the Guinea-Bissau military and interrogated for hours. The commander spoke only Portuguese, so it took a while until I found out that there is a conflict because the E l -Vorkommen s on the border betw een the two countries came u nd reminded me of a TV report vo r few days that it was precisely at this time that the parties to the dispute met in Geneva for negotiations. That was my ace as a Swiss in this precarious situation. So I tried to make it clear to the comandant that it would be bad if they took me prisoner and thereby endangered the negotiations in Geneva. He understood that and set me free thanks to my donation.

Relieved, I ran into the Senegal, so in the Casamance back. There I had the tiresome problem of running out of cash to pay the rent for the box. D azu I had only a day’s journey away by Zuiginchor travel to the traveler’s check to change. So tell me the hotelier from the border experience and my donation, when the rent was spent and was then exhausted to the bungalow, to sleep to go. It wasn’t long before two military jeeps drove up in front of the hut with a lot of noise and eight soldiers got out. This time it was Senegalese soldiers, but that didn’t really reassure me. „You have orders to escort me to the military governor, „they told me. „What is going on now“ , I thought, trying to to curb adrenaline rush. Half an hour later I was sitting in front of the military commander who asked me about the border incident . He had received knowledge from the landlord and would like to know more about it. „Shit,“ I thought to myself, but today is a busy day, going war diplomacy w ieder from the beginning. Now it is important to downplay everything as possible and say as little as possible. We then practiced that for a good four hours, after which I was pretty exhausted. Two military officers in hostile states in one day, that was a tough test.

A t the end of the operation in Senegal, the first of the “ AIDS and “ HIV “ -Fällen overshadowing was et, I invited my last guests in M’Bour into a Moorish cafe, that „Vielle Prune “ So a very served fine“ Zw e Tschgenschnaps“. An absolute rarity in Africa. My guests knew immediately which drink it was. Chuckling, I told the man that he Chairman of the“ distillery Willisau „was and producing this drink and drive out. Then we were even more happy about the next few drops and when the guest found out that I was being transferred to Warsaw, he said. „Oh, I know a very fine person and high-ranking politician, because we import vodka from Poland“ . So he wrote a name on a piece of paper and g from him to me for recommending and contacting with. Thanks to this schnapps connection in Senegal, I had drawn an ace for my next mission without even realizing it.

Warsaw 86: In pole position behind the Iron Curtain

Because d rei days later, when I arrived in Warsaw, where 14 days before an airliner of the „LOT“ had crashed and 140 people died, I was able to speak, understand the English and me in with an older man customs and immigration for the 70 any passenger boughs from the west helped . When I am with him for his help asked thanked and after his name, he replied, „My name is Henry Zwirko.“ „Excuse me „, exclaimed to me, that was still the name on the list was given to me by the last guest in Senegal. That could no coincidence be, I thought intuitively, but was busy with the passports and immigration papers, which drag on for hours on end could, especially since I after a briefing a few hours in Switzerland as a newcomer here behind the “ Iron Curtain“ in Warsaw had arrived. 

But the procedure was the man behind me, who as of this Henry Zwirko presented te, gentle with few , but decisive words to the border guards , greatly abbreviated and we could pass . „OK,“ I thought to myself, the man is indeed very promising. No wonder his influence goes far, after all, he is a Polish cabinet minister and his father is a war hero from World War II. I knew that much. But that ’s me this man the same for my arrival in Warsaw would meet, was very scary. In retrospect, my guess confirmed that the VR Presidential dent nachgeholfen a little meeting, paving the way has opened in an extraordinarily closed world to me, to the many intelligence me at this time, including our counterintelligence would have envied.

Because in a very natural way, an excellent cooperation between Henry Zwirko and me developed. Since the official tourist exchange rate for Swiss francs and D-Marks was a good seven times higher than the black market rate offered in Warsaw , I soon got on the transfer bus once or twice a week with half a million zlotys that Henry got me , with which we picked up the new guests from Zurich. U nd during the transfer from the airport to the hotel, I told the guests how difficult and dangerous the illegal exchange was and offered a good tour guide during the journey to the city center every guest 200 francs to switch to a good course. Business went smoothly and the bus driver and local guide’s were also always good away and then looked away. And so I worked my way into the depths of corruption, compliment zen – and planned economy, and soon had money to burn expressed or millions of zloty’s local currency .

Only: there was nothing to buy. Nothing at all, except liquor and sex for sale on every corner. Outside the tourist hotels it was very dreary. Apart from a few very secret places for the elite, where all the goodies , like a Chateaubriand or tartare and fresh juice was served. I have only been to this illustrious place three times, which was intended for Poland’s elite. A famous one ’s ass and President Wojciech Jaruselski (the one-eyed, the Russians offered the forehead) and his entourage on one of the side tables. For me it was almost as if I had arrived at the Kremlin.

Later I had an unexpected meeting with Gorbachev’s Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze in the sauna of a famous Medical Wellness Hotel with an outstanding sleep diagnostics center in Vorarlberg. Luckily I had a Russian-speaking Ukrainer with me as a model, so we could exchange a few words with him. Obviously plagued the Russian Foreign Schlaflosigk EITS symptoms.

Less than two weeks after my arrival in Warsaw and a first round trip in Poland to Krakow and Zakopane, the corpse specialists from abroad arrived and our entire tour group, always around 50 to 70 people, became one hour after the other from the only middle-class hotel “ Forum “ was thrown out and from then on we had to share a hotel bed with lousy, shabby hotels sometimes with third parties for the next 14 days. The 90% male guests took it relatively calmly, „We are here in the Eastern Bloc“. And they could be satisfied with boxes of vodka and champagne. Most of them were only here for a tourist attraction anyway.

Back then Warsaw was the Bangkok of Europe and the female offer was plentifully available in the hotel bar. Whole farmers‘ associations and field staff with “black commission coffers” came here from Switzerland. But I didn’t have time for that, deprived of my own box and the daily search for accommodation, the transfers and bureaucratic hurdles kept me busy. I also had to get hold of fuel on the black market for my work trips and transfers. Then this became too colorful for me and I had the local guests kicked out of the hotels with the dollar lubricant, in which I put double or triple the room price on the table. Such over time some things were running smoothly and as icing I rented one of the finest and most expensive luxury suites in the only five-star hotel in Warsaw, then, the “ Victoria “ hotel on the main square. From this state guest suite I was able to follow the papal visit of the Polish pontiff better than any other camera team from my window . I then saw the Polish Pope again in Cuba in 1993 when he paid a visit to the Caribbean island and Fidel Castro .

I had time for me, I got the unemployed girls in the lobby and the hotel bar high, de n n belonged to my suite and a piano player in the lounge between the two wings. And there was enough space in my suite with two bedrooms and a drawing room. Plötzlich I had often times’s boredom and a half private brothel at my guest. D ie three months in Poland were unforgettable and much more exciting than the time in Senegal. But now it goes straight to London, it says in the fax from the «Imholz» tour guide headquarters in Zurich.

London 87: The first contact with «ANC» exiles

Arrived in London and settled in, after an industrial accident of an Italian tour guide who worked here without a residence permit and whom I then visited in prison, I also met «ANC» exiles who had fled the racist ap artheid regime. Just before the UN sanctions were in force and the South African regime was pilloried. D a brother lived one of our tour guides in South Africa, wol some lten from our tour guide troupe to the Cape to travel and roam in Botswana through the Okavango Delta. That sounded promising and was put into practice after our assignment in London . But before that I returned to Switzerland in order to exchange information with «ANC» exiles and with the Anti-Ap artheid Movement (AAB) from London and to make further contacts in the South African underground. Equipped in this way for the South Africa mission, departure in November 1989 approached quickly. But let’s briefly look back at what had happened in South Africa over the past ten years.

In 1950, when the South African government divided its people into races (Population Registration Act 35), the Swiss banks paid the first loans of 35 million francs. When the government banned mixed marriages (Prohibition of Mixed Marriage Act), a further 85 million francs flowed to the Ap part hei d state, which by 1983 had expropriated over three and a half million blacks and deported them to „homelands“. And so 87 percent of the land belonged to the 16 percent whites. And Switzerland, more precisely my former training company, “Oerlikon Bührle AG”, delivered weapons such as the “35mm Flab cannons” and “Pilatus PC-Porter” aircraft to the Cape. Despite UN sanctions.

In 1967 nearly 700 ‚ arrested 000 black within a year because they have violated the pass laws. The expenditures for internal security already amount to 17 percent of the gross national product. When the British decided to suspend gold trading for two weeks in March 1968, Switzerland sprinted into the breach. Now South Africa’s wealth is flowing in huge quantities into the gold trading metropolis of Switzerland. „SBG“, „SKA“ and „SBV“ secure three quarters of the gold trade.

In 1968 the „Bührle Affair“ bursts. The Oerlikon weapons manufacturer had delivered weapons worth 52.7 million francs to South Africa via France. In 1973 the “UN” General Assembly decides to exclude South Africa with “Resolution 3068” and classify apartheid as a “crime against humanity”, while the loans of the three Swiss banks have already risen to 2.2 billion francs. Meanwhile, every second child under five dies in the homelands, the white men in the Cape and the “Zurich Gold Coast” are doing better and better. “Oerlikon Bührle” has circumvented the sanctions several times. I remember when in the export department I simply had to issue the export permits , freight documents and letters of credit to the “Oerlikon Bührle” holding company in Spain.

1979 comes to a massacre in Soweto, as on June 16, 15 ‚ protested 000 pupils against being henceforth taught in Afrikaans. 575 people died in the uprising that dragged on for months. The Swiss banks doubled their credit volume. In 1980 the Reformed World Federation declared “apartheid a heresy. That left Switzerland and the Swiss secret service cold . Peter Reggli directed the pilot exchange with South African fighter pilots in the ways the Federal w u rd e but only in 1986 oriented.

The amount of credit granted by Swiss banks to the apartheid regime quadrupled. Year after year by 100 percent. Due to the international n Ä the apartheid regime rect benefited the Switzerland of the contemptuous, racist policies of the White people of the Cape. The “ ILO” called on the global corporations to withdraw from South Africa and criticized the “SBG” as a sanction breaker. Nevertheless, in 1985 the South African regime received a further CHF 75 million in loans from Swiss banks. In 1986 a state of emergency is imposed on the heavily indebted country. over 10’000 people are arrested. 1800 died. „Peace became a threat to public security,“ says Archbishop Desmond Tutu when the church journal, the „New Nation“, was closed.

When the USA wanted to punish companies that did not adhere to the sanctions in 1987, South Africa’s President Peter Botha and his Foreign Minister came to Zurich to meet with „SBG“ Vice Director Georg Meyer and the board of the „Association Switzerland-South Africa“, where they were given an „Order of Good Hope“ and another 70 million. And in 1989, thanks to Robert Jeker, South Africa’s regime took a breather when it came to repaying the outstanding loans of over eight billion francs. That was the starting point at the time that made me go underground in South Africa.

Then there was a small wink of fate that encouraged me in the plan. Like so many activists, I wrote a letter to the then “ SGB” (and today’s “ UBS”), which was very active in South Africa at the time and supported the apartheid regime, in which I informed the bank that I closed my account in protest against the financial policy and the « SBG» commitment and asked them to transfer the balance to another account. The bank made a mistake when balancing the account and so they transferred me 5500 francs more. I said to myself, „I’ll leave the money in my account for a year and if the « SBG »no longer reports, the money will go to organizations in the South African underground,“ as a compensation payment, so to speak. And that’s how it happened.

3. In the fight against apartheid in the South African underground

Because South Africa internationally banned was granted the South African embassy in Switzerland a „loose leaflet visa „that means a paper visa that was not included in the passport, so later no problems at entry to other countries g Aebe. First we lived a few weeks in the posh neighborhood of the whites in Hillbrow. Getting used to was initially once the s chwarze housekeeper who was included in the rent. Then of course the restrictions on the black population in all areas of public life. Racial segregation. With the appropriate pass laws for the respective ethnic groups. There was also the Indian community in Durban and the Malay mixed race in Cape Town. That was pretty complicated and pretty perverse. Vo r especially the resettlement plans that have been implemented into practice. So Millio was nen of black people forcedly relocated and de facto expropriated and in the so-called „Bantu zones“ moved.

I carefully familiarized myself with the local conditions, visited the « Khotso House» , where some resistance organizations such as the « Black Sash» but also the « UDF » union had their offices. The house was spied on around the clock and searched by the police several times. Many committed people have been arrested, tortured, and detained without charge. One of the most prominent victims of the apartheid regime along with Nelson Mandela was probably Steven Biko .

I arrived in South Africa just at the time when the „New Nation“ , one of the last liberal , critical leaflets of the Catholic bishops‘ conference under Desmond Tutu was banned and closed. I had a last interview with the dismissed editor-in-chief Gabu Tugwana appeared in the «WOZ» (weekly newspaper). I was the first foreign journalist who saw and photographed the decree of the hated interior minister, witnessed the closure of the “New Nation” and spread the news. The apartheid regime censored or banned many newspapers until all critical voices had fallen silent. The expenditures for internal security, that is, for maintaining the racist apartheid system, devoured over 20 percent of the gross domestic product.

Since nn dare I myself with the Vororts- train from down town Johannesburg to Soweto to, that is in the black townships to go where you were as Weisser at that time quite alone and very noticeable. Fortunately, I had long hair and didn’t look like a Bure or an Englishman. That probably stopped many from killing me right away. Since then the Neugie grew but r what I as doing here and then I could thanks to my in London and Zurich compacted „ANC“ – contacts perfectly satisfying, so they trusted me and me d ie townships introduced.

It was about the living conditions of blacks and their everyday under d he racist laws to know yourself. Soon I was able to live with a family of eight in Soweto and move around freely. So I was shocked as hell when I suddenly stood in front of an armored vehicle of the „SADF“ (South African Defense Force) and guns were pointed at me. When one of the policemen called down from above; „What are you doing here?“ F iel mi r nothing B esseres one, when to direct same question to him, only a tone sharper. Then I carefully pulled out my Swiss passport, which helped defuse the tense situation. They each let me go.

From that first trip was a deep connection to the land that I visited over 20 times and thereby Mandela scored twice. The first time shortly after his release in Soweto, the second time, as President of South Africa and newly crowned Nobel Laureate in the “ Zurich Dolder Hotel” , where he recognized me in front of the political and Federal Council celebrities and gave me a brief hug, which was very touching Moment was. And what all asked at once, who because of the long-haired freak here with the former National Bank President s Leutwyler was and consorts.

Fortunately, that remained a secret from me, Mandela and the South African ambassador in Bern, Dr. Konji Sebati, where I was once a guest at the embassy in Bern on a high- profile event. By d iesen Contact I came as a travel journalist and PR consultant at that time worked at a PR mandate for the South African Tourist Board ( SATOUR) and got to the mandate of the South African airline (SAA) for years.

I owed this to my diplomatic balancing act between the underground contacts , of which only a few knew , and the contacts with the white elite, which were also very discreet. And the fact that the Swiss in South Africa a central role in the gold rush in the „nuclear power plants“ in mil itärischer support of Ap artheid regime and finally in the debt restructuring and the transformation process played and incidentally took all gold trading .

As usual, everything is completely legal and neutral. The dark chapter Switzerland – South Africa would itself fill an entire book about Switzerland’s very profitable strategy of neutrality, the close interweaving of the secret service, espionage, the military and the Swiss economy with the Ap artheid regime. Since I an apprenticeship in the armory and machine tool factory “ Oerlikon Buehrle » have, which includes the „Contraves“ and „Pilatus factory“ belonged, is to me not only the problematic saint known , who also collaborated with the Nazis and the like billionaire Schwarzenbach art treasures hoarded, the partly in Zurich in Bührle-Museum are on display , but also many interesting events and documents in the export department noticed. What could not be exported from Switzerland due to sanctions was exported by other foreign “Oerlikon Bührle” branches, for example in France or Spain .

One murder every 40 minutes. 20 ‚ 000 per year

After the apartheid regime collapsed due to the UN boycott and the South African resistance, there was a bitter power struggle between the ANC (African National Congress) and Buthelezi`s IFP (Inkhata Freedom Party). The civil war claimed X thousand victims and made tens of thousands refugees. Another tragedy, because before that the white regime had forcibly displaced millions of black people like cattle in the course of racial segregation.

In post-apartheid South Africa, the people were preoccupied with one thing above all else: the constantly growing violent crime. In the past, the main aim of the police was to pursue political opponents, but now the security forces and politicians are fighting an almost hopeless fight against brutality and crime. The „taxi / minibus war“ in Durban has claimed numerous innocent lives for years. In Cape Town, a gang war raging less than 80000 young people. Johannesburg is also the scene of numerous crimes. Even as a tourist or business traveler you can feel the „atmosphere of fear“. The police forces operier t s as paramilitary organizations and have a bad reputation.

Unemployment concerning ug nearly 40 percent. Widespread poverty made crime soaring. Favored by the impotence and corruption of the self-absorbed judicial and police apparatus, which was paralyzed in the course of the radical restructuring. Were daily in South Africa more than 60 people a year against 20 ‚ killed 000 people. South Africa’s prisons are bursting at the seams . Criminal investigations remain unprocessed for years. Young people under the age of 14 are also detained.

Mandela’s release marked the end of apartheid

On August 5, 1962, Nelson Mandela and Cecil Williams were arrested while driving near Howick in Natal, on charges of leading the banned“ ANC “ underground. The arrest came after he had worked for almost a year and a half in freedom and in the political underground, interrupted by public appearances for the ANC abroad. The start of the trial was set for October 15, 1962 (two days before I was born). The result was Mandela’s sentencing on November 7, 1962 to five years in prison for inciting public unrest (three years in prison) and traveling abroad without a passport (two years). He took on his own defense in this court hearing. After the verdict was announced, he was sent to the prison island Robben Island at the end of May 1963 , but was soon brought back to Pretoria after the rest of the «ANC» leadership had been arrested on July 11th. From October 7, 1963, Mandela stood in Pretoria in the “Rivonia” trial with ten co-defendants for “sabotage and planning armed struggle” . On April 20, 1964, the last day of the trial before the verdict was pronounced, Mandela explained in his four-hour, prepared speech in detail the need for armed struggle, because the government did not respond to appeals or non-violent resistance from the non-white population in its quest for equal treatment and instead passed increasingly repressive laws.

A m 11 February 1990 was Mandela released from prison. President Frederik de Klerk had initiated this and lifted the ban of the “African National Congress” (ANC) days earlier. Mandela and de Klerk received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. On the day of his release, Mandela gave a speech from the balcony of City Hall in Cape Town, and days later one in front of an audience of 120,000 in the football stadium in Johannesburg. There he presented his policy of reconciliation by inviting “all people who have given up apartheid ”to participate in a “ non-racial, united and democratic South Africa with general, free elections and voting rights for all”.

In July 1992, M andela unanimously elected President e n chosen the „ANC“. This enabled him to negotiate with the government on the elimination of apartheid and the creation of a new South Africa. In 1994 his autobiography „The Long Road to Freedom“ was published and wrote: „During these long, lonely years of imprisonment, my hunger for freedom for my own people became the hunger for freedom of all peoples, whether white or black.“

In February 1996 the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) set up by Mandela began under the leadership of Desmond Tutu, a Nobel Peace Prize winner . with the coming to terms with the crimes of apartheid. For some groups, the social improvements achieved during Mandela’s tenure did not go far enough, including in relation to the AIDS crisis. Critics also criticized the fact that the crimes of the apartheid regime were not punished.

Free health care was available to children under six, pregnant and nursing mothers; In 1996 health care became free of charge for all South Africans. With the “Land Restitution Act” (1994) and the “Land Reform Act 3” (1996) steps were taken towards land reform. During his tenure, numerous laws from the apartheid period were revoked. The army and police were reorganized.

When in 199 4 the newly elected South African President and Nobel Prize winner Nelson Mandela came to Switzerland and spoke to the local “ class politique” and the economic elite (National Bank President and bank representative) about his vision of a new South Africa, I was there too Photojournalist invited and took some pictures of Mandela . However, I was not prepared for the fact that he would be blinded by the flash as a result of his eyesight, which had been lost through the long imprisonment, and without a flash I had the wrong film speed in the can. As Mandela’s speech to the assembled political and business elite in Switzerland was over and he was in Ap e mixed ro with the crowd, I thought I was rather in the background.

But apparently Mandela had a good memory and very attentive eyes, maybe he even remembered where and when in Soweto I stood in the crowd of blacks after his release. In any case, that caused him to step up to me and ask me whether we have met before. I was amazed. And when I answered him, she shook hands with me, more amazingly . That touched me a lot. Suddenly I had the feeling that maybe I had really made a difference and that I received, so to speak, a celebrity thank you and an incredible appreciation.

Civil War South Africa 94: ICRC operations in the « ANC-IFP» civil war

1993 accompanied n me photographer friend Marcus Baker to a friend of us , Daniel Sidler, of the ICRC / Red Cross South African delegate to Johanne was stationed sburg, on his journey to the refugee camps, to make matters Probing make to the victims help and support the peace efforts to stabilize the country with a view to a democratic constitution and government of the „rainbow nation“. We drove to the hotspots of the time “Margate” and “Ladysmith”, “Ezakhweni” and “Emphangeni ” , “Mfung” and “Obizo” as well as “Empendle” recorded the burned down houses and the dead. Talks with bereaved relatives and tried to mediate between the conflicting parties. A difficult, if not almost hopeless, task. At that time, there was every 40 minutes to an em murder. 20’000 per year in total .

As part of my humanitarian engagement in South Africa, thanks to the Zulu healer Credo Vusama Mutwa, I was also able to visit Poolsmo or Prison in Cape Town – where Nelson Mandela spent the last years of his imprisonment – with a Canadian team of UN health inspectors. In the 3 ‚ designed 000 prisoners prison around 7 were ‚ 000 prisoners detained. Almost 30% were HIV positive at the time. Many have been detained for years without charge. Quite a few died. The conditions we encountered were terrible. And a tablespoon of tasting in the prison kitchen was enough that I had staphylococci / streptococci afterwards. It was also educationally strange that there was only a plastic gun as a toy in the children’s playroom.

I came to this unique mission because of a spiritual capacity in South Africa. The Zulu Sangoma (healer), Bantu writer & historian Credo Vusama Mutwa . I got to know him in the “ Shamwari Game Reserve“ together with Dr. Jan. player, the rhinoceros savior and “ Wilderness Leadership School“ founder. All night long the incredibly educated person told me the spiritual secrets and ethnic contexts, the cultural characteristics and peculiarities of the Bantu peoples from North to South Africa. It was fascinating and very educational. Only I was just with my two and a half year old daughter Aiala and her mother Roberta the road and had e i nige plans, appointments and meetings regarding other wildlife and ecological projects and could not just stay here and creed in the project „help Kaya Lendaba“.

He wanted the „Shamwari Game Reserve“ to build a multicultural village, would be represented in the all South African ethnic groups , and it should serve as Lightpole for the reunification of the „serve rainbow nation“ and help end the conflict. G erne I would have the training to a „sangoma“ So, a healer done since Creed zutraute me the skills and the mental-spiritual worldview. D ies filled me with pride and would probably a pioneering crossover in my life. Because originally I wanted to work as a game ranger in one of these newly emerging wildlife reserves. I can not help me S chöneres imagine , as a Wildlife Manager to work in an intact and protected environment. That’s why I kept traveling to Botswana, South Africa and Namibia.

4 . Mexico , Cuba, Carnival and US Invaders

Mexico 89: The Easter processions of the Mixtec Indians in Oaxaca

Mexico’s face shines brilliantly , the cradle of archaic high Indian cultures. Both the ancient temples and the richly contrasting, splendid colonial cities of Oaxaca and San Cristobal de las Casas protrude like jewels from the dazzling Sierra Madre. In the homeland of the Tzotziles, Tzetales, Chamulas and Lacandons , the indigenous people are about as original as Valais or Bündner mountain people. And yet the culture, history and landscape are not the same as ours. Their cultures are closer to nature, more anarchic, clan-like and more spiritual.

I spent a few days in Oaxaca , a r magnificent n Colonial City. On the way to pick up my laundry, I happened to look into a back yard where a woman with long, curly hair was standing at a strange machine doing a job that made me curious. She noticed me and called me in , and I saw what she was doing. She was standing in front of an ancient lithography system from the early 19th century and was just printing a few lithographs. Unexpectedly, was I in the studio of the famous oaxacenischen painter Tamayo purely run. We started talking for over two hours. She told me that over Easter she wanted to go to the mountains to see the Indians and their processions over the Easter holidays because she wanted to bring some school books to a teacher. That sounded tempting and inspired me. I’ve always wanted to Indios . Winnetou was the role model in my childhood. The Apaches my inspiration.

So concluded I am Marcela immediately and so we went the next morning with a public bus in the mountains to Zacantepec to almost 3000 meters. The ten hour drive was very arduous. All the while the handle on top holding on I stood between bags, chickens and sitting on the floor children, constantly back and forth rocking, as is the bus on a narrow gravel-pass road with large, deep holes into the mountains high screwed snarling. There were two rest stops due to the two tire changes. As the only gringo on the bus, I towered over the Indians by a head height.

In the dark with thick fog we arrived at the Zapotec Indio Kaff, which consisted of three stone houses, a zocalo and a church with a corrugated iron roof. There was a single Guest House above the only small shop that except a few Tonbüchsen and Mayon e se glasses a few peppers, some coffee and Mezcal schnapps offer had. For a week there was practically nothing to eat. Marcela, the beautiful painter and I were soon in a rather mystical mood. And then came the moment when deeply veiled Indian figures emerged from the ghostly mist from all directions and streamed towards the church. There a padre in a white soutaine gave a pastoral speech in the local Indian dialect in front of the „Virgen de Guadaloupe“ of the black Virgin Mary . But much more fascinating were all the marked by deep furrows Indio faces under their colorful Rebozos , colorful scarves, which they wore on their heads and shoulders . Sparse candlelight Kopal- incense fumes and a spread on the ground, fragrant sea of pine needles and splendidly costumed Honoratoren with silver-sticks as the insignia of their dignity, Transform te n the nave into a mystical world.

Until then, I would not have thought of seeing the Indians in such a Christian pose. I had an idea of ​​the Indians that was shaped by Winnetou films , although I had met some in the USA before. Then it started, that is, the Indian women shouldered the « Virgen de Guadaloupe» and the men of Jesus Christ on their shoulders and then the whole Indian tribe pulled up into the mountains. They split into two groups. I decided the women Fa c Kel and Kerzenlichterzug to join . And so we climbed up the narrow, slippery paths. On the way there were a few rituals of the Way of the Cross and at the 7th station the two trains gathered in a small clearing with a place around the standard bearers and kneeling women with the censer. Now the padre gave another speech and at that moment the sky tore completely open for the first time and the sun appeared like a divine spell on the small Indian community. The chants somehow put me in a trance. It was extraordinary to experience this spiritual experience as the only white and foreigner among the Mixtec Indians. I merged with you and your ancestors, so to speak. D ies must also have sensed Indians and gave me their trust.

When one of the dignitaries broke away and came up to me, I was terrified because I was taking hidden photos of the reunion of Jesus Christ and Mary the Virgin. I got S chiss, they would have caught me taking pictures and I would now be offered in sacrifice and impaled on the lance. But the fear was not unfounded, because tourists who photographed the indigenous Indians have already been killed in Chiapas. Instead, as a gesture of hospitality, I was brought to the center of the procession and was allowed to be one of the three standard-bearers. What a gesture and an honor for me, when I was so critical of them. I was very touched. On many other trips to the indigenous peoples around the globe, I found time and again that I have a special spiritual connection and that I have telepathic abilities.

I opened myself up to the Indians all the more and fell into a trance several times in the following days and in crazy processions . And all without the «Nanacatl» mushrooms or other drugs like Me s calin . Only with half a bottle of mezcal schnapps did I calm the hunger and the revenge of «Montezuma», that is, the upset stomach. And due to the lack of food and the altitude, the alcohol level had a particularly good effect on the intoxicated trance states. There were no longer any language barriers and what was universal overcame all cultural boundaries. And thanks to the young painter from the studio of the famous Mexican painter «Tamayo», I learned more and more about the history and identity of the Mixtecs. From then on I was particularly interested in the natives on all continents.

Witness to the Zapatista Indio uprisings in Chiapas

Thanks to the young Marcela, I learned more and more about the history and identity of the Mixtecs and spent a few more weeks on forays through the indigenous country with her. Years later I returned as a journalist back to Mexico, as as in Chiapas escalated in 1994, the indigenous uprisings and the Mexican military and the soldiers of the army in the region of six villages and in San Cristobal de las Casas marched to the “ MARCOS“ – To push back rebels and to crush the Indio uprising. The six letters “ MARCOS“ were the first letters of the six rebellious Indian communities in the vicinity of San Cristobal. “ M“ argaritas, „A“ ltimirano, „R“ ancho, „N“ uevo, „C“ omitan, „O“ cosingo and „S“ to Cristobal. Ten kilometers further on is San Juan Chamula , the village of the traditional Chamulas, where the uprising began on 1.1.1994. This resulted in the « Subcomandante Marcos » . The jewel and the focal point of the Chamulenic world of belief, where God and the gods merge, Christ rose from the cross to rise again as the sun, is the baroque village church from the 17th century.

There we drove past tanks and roadblocks, military helicopters circled in the sky and soldiers could be seen everywhere. The Chi a pas uprising was initiated by the „Ejercito Zapatista de Liberacion Nacional(EZLN), a so-called radical left movement that rebelled against new state requirements in the state of Chiapas. The Maya Indians suffered from the free trade agreement and the racist policies in administration. And they wanted to defend themselves against it. They were suppressed and excluded from participating in the political process. The conflict began as a EZLN offensive around occupied four cities to San Cristobal de las Casas in January 1994, which the Mexican clothes and eq the situation r spot with weight a l t and should end repression, while also inserting torture. In 2001 the Zapatistas, under the leadership of MARCOS, made a march from Chiapas to Mexico City and on 1st 2003 they took San Cristobal de las Casas. Finally, more and more NGOs advocated peace negotiations and put pressure on the government. Ultimately, however, not much has turned out for the better for the Indian communities. 

In Ocosingo we flew in that time when I with a nutritionist for infants of the UN aid agency (DIF) was there, the balls just as the ears and we had n lucky that no hit and only bullet holes remained . After I escaped from this highly dangerous place, I then experienced a severe earthquake in Chiapas and a hurricane in Yucatan . So Mexico really didn’t save on impressions. It has always been a hell of a hot country, not to mention all the drug cartels that were fighting each other back then. So much for Mexico. Now it’s on to Cuba, the socialist sugar and tobacco paradise in miserable times.

Cuba 93: Among the idealists who feed on hope

In 1993, when my daughter Aiala was just three months old, I flew with her and her mother Roberta with diapers for a month to socialist Cuba. It was about a Swiss film project with Fidel Castro and Geraldine Ch aplin . She was the door opener to the socialist rulers. It was the“ Periodo especial en tiempo de paz”, the time of emergency in peacetime, when Cuba plunged into an economic crisis after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the fall of the Berlin Wall and had to undergo a drastic change in system. By „Dollar liberalization“ in the socialist Caribbean paradise in order to pivot from the sugar industry to tourism, took place a revolution of „socialist heart to capitalist mind “ as I wrote in the media .

The classless society was now split into two camps: the one with the green US bills (“ fulanos “ ) and the one with the worthless pesos, the „esperancejos“, the hopeful. The hunt for the „fula“ (bad money) kafka has taken shape. The state tourism organization “ Cubanacan „pulls on the black market together all the goods to offer them to the paying with dollars tourists. Even the fresh fish do not end up on the plate of the starving population, but in a tourist hotel in Havana. At that time, was v ierstöckige department stores – except for a p aar glass beads and plastic rings, a few rifles, potato and a few agricultural products- empty. People stood in line for hours at the farmers‘ markets for a few eggs. There was seldom electricity. Entire districts were pitch black.

„I had never seen such a shocking standstill before“. Precisely for this reason was probably the propaganda machine of the socialist Castro -Regimes at full speed to get us journalists of the advantages of the socialist tourism -P to convince aradieses. Ü convincingly were only the „mojitos“ and the young, very pretty Cuban women as so-called themselves „jineteras» , horseback night entpup p th, which is at the pier of Varadero to the Touristenschiff and were pushed their luck.

But as „embedded“ journalist, I had access to aussergewöh n physical persons, such as the Green derin the women’s organization in the ’60s. So Cuba was way ahead of us. Then the famous oncologist Miranda Martinez who showed me the revolutionary health system and also their weaknesses revealed u nd a revolutionary of the first hour, with Fidel Castro fought side by side. Then I visited Ana Fidelia Quirot ( d as Olympic long-distance miracle) , d ie an explosion in the kitchen suffered as a pregnant woman serious burns and while her child from Sotomayor lost. An exclusive interview that TV stations had been waiting for in vain for a long time.

Even the political power center penetrated we thanks Geraldin Ch Aplin ago. It was yes to a film about Cuba and the „Cuban Star s“ with S wiss and Cuban filmmakers. When interviewed at the hotel „El International“ in Havana , where we lived, my three-month-old daughter sat Aiala on Geraldine’s lap while we conducted the interview. Otherwise it was completely uncomplicated to travel around C uba with a baby . All Cuban women immediately rushed to Aiala and entertained her well and caringly. For „Annabelle“ , a leading women’s magazine in Switzerland, the portraits of women were from all kuban i rule layers planned.

At the end, the sports journalist, who put the whole program together and arranged the contacts with the women, planned a presentation to the assembled Cuban press, radio and television, in which we would talk about the Swiss media landscape and journalism in Switzerland should. We had s not much time to prepare it, and wondered n us good at what we should say n , not too tightly to offend political. It was a balancing act of conveying information with low critical tones. I handed the presentation over to Roberta , because she spoke better Spanish and because we came to Cuba in the context of researching female characters and stories.

Because after we were interviewed by radio journalists and (always with just early the next morning, as we stood at 07.00 already in a mechanical woman workshop Aiala in Snuggli it) just shone an interview on the state broadcaster of yesterday’s presentation and Appearance. That was funny and a brilliant timing and again brought us a lot of sympathy and respect in the women’s workshop . It was an exciting 30 days on Sugar Island, but also an embarrassing state of the country and the hunger and poverty in the population. There was very little tourism back then. That changed quickly, however, because the Cubans urgently needed money and loosened the currency regulations.

The socialist Caribbean island attracted me again and again and thanks to the cooperation with the airline «AOM» I flew over to Sugar Island almost every year between 1993 and 1998 and stayed with a Cuban family, an elderly couple who lived in the tallest skyscrapers at the time on the Malecon next to the legendary Hotel „El International“ lived. There was a room there with its own entrance and a connecting door to their apartment. That was perfect for the social exchange with the married couple Claris and Nilo and my nightly escapades. Despite harsh controls and spying, I was able to cultivate my liasons , even cultivate them, bought myself a Chinese bike and rode all over Old Havana. Cuba was not a crowded tourist paradise then. But that changed quickly thanks to the regime’s efforts to open up the country to tourism and to create the first tourist enclaves.

Grenada 92: On the US John Rodgersfor press breakfast

This year I went on a sailing trip with the “ Paso Doble “ from Grenada to Trinidad and arrived at the time when the 10th anniversary of the „liberation“ or „occupation“ of Grenada, depending on the point of view, was being celebrated by US forces. I came with my friend Roberta and we found out in the Caribbean that she was pregnant.

Then we were able to attend the official ceremony with the Prime Minister of Grenada, Breathwater and the US Ambassador in the presence of high-ranking US military personnel, whereupon we were greeted by the US Ambassador’s PR lady for a press breakfast on the aircraft carrier “US- John Rodgers“ to be invited, which I did not want to miss. After all , that doesn’t happen every day at breakfast on a warship that had enormous potential for destruction. And so it happened. A US Navy boat picked us up on the beach and went over to where we talk about with the commander and his press-Adjudantin the US policy led. In retrospect, this visit was not a good idea because I had been on the radar of the US authorities and secret services since that incident and felt this at a later point in time in the Philippines and got me into some «troubles » , which ultimately led to «Persona non grata »was declared in the Philippines. Presumably my many visits to Cuba, which I made to the Caribbean tropical island in the 90s, were also followed critically.

Let’s briefly look back at why the Americans brought about an upheaval in Grenada. The trigger was Maurice Bishop of Grenadian, the son of parents born in Aruba from the age of 6 in Grenada lived Jura in England studied, where he the political ideas of the ’68 movement, the Black Power movement and the Trinidadian Marxist C. LR James before returning to the Caribbean in 1969 .

He began to build workers‘ councils in Grenada on the Soviet model, founded a socialist party, the New Jewel Movement (NJM, Jewel stands for Joint Endeavor for Welfare, Education and Liberation) and founded unions . He enjoyed the approval of the population , who were dissatisfied with the corrupt rule of Sir Eric Gairy and his Mongoose Gang, a “thugs”. After Gairy had probably falsified the elections , Maurice Bishop came to power on March 13, 1979 in an almost bloodless coup, which was supported by the people, and became Prime Minister of Grenada. The human rights situation improved under Bishop. He relied on social reforms , such as the introduction of a free health system and the building of new schools, and maintained good relations with the Soviet Union and Cuba, which supported Grenada with development aid and with the construction of the airport. That didn’t suit the USA at all. On October 25, 1983, the United States began an invasion code-named Operation Urgent Fury, in the course of which the government was ousted.

That was probably one of the few US operations that ultimately came off lightly for the civilian population and led to stabilization. The US invasion of Panama was not too disastrous either, but all other interventions, invasions and infiltrations on the part of the US from the Vietnam War to the Afghanistan mission, the failed Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba, the devastating Iraq war that led to IS has, the overthrow of Gaddhafi in Libya, the skirmishes in the war in Syria, in all these conflicts the USA failed miserably as the aggressor and world policeman. A “failed state” in my eyes. With unmistakable consequences for the whole world: The radicalization in the Muslim world, a boost for terrorist organizations like Al Qaeda and IS and so on, and has now reached a domestic political climax with Trump. The “War on Drugs” proclaimed by the USA was also a disaster for 50 years and now the United States are drowning on their hundreds of thousands of opiate deaths with increasing weed liberalization and have left behind a deeply divided society. Good night and bye bye good old America, one can only say.

Hell trip in Colombia in the service of Swissair

If one hears or speaks about Colombia, then mostly drugs, murder and corruption are mentioned. The sunny side of Colombian life and the beauties of the Andes and the jungle state rarely come to light. Anyone who fearlessly faces the Terra incognita in the Garden of Eden in South America despite poverty and violence will be drawn to the magic of Colombia and the fiery temperament of the population.

Only a few countries are dotted with the impressive variety of landscapes and an incomparable wealth of natural wonders, such as the V ated largest state Lat e inamerikas. In northern Colombia, the Eastern, Western and Central dominate – Cordillera. Three massive strands of the Andes with snow-capped peaks rising up to 5000 meters, the topographical panopticon of the country. They contain fertile valleys with volcanic ash soils on which coffee plantations, vegetable and grain fields and fruit trees flourish, and fragrant flowers and spice bushes bloom. Mining brings to light the most beautiful emeralds as well as gold, platinum, silver and also abundant coal and oil deposits.

In the Amazon it is as if time has stood still. Fitzgeraldo’s adventures come back to life on the spiritual horizon – there are still thousands of dangers lurking in the tropical rainforest. The Yaguas Indios are not a threat, although they still blow deadly poison arrows from their blowguns when hunting animals and birds. Crocodiles and pirahas prevent a swim in the cool Amazon. Along the Andean foothills, endless savannas with cattle pastures spread out in the north, which in the east turn into wild areas like the Guajira peninsula. White sandy beaches line the coasts of the Caribbean islands of San Andres and Providencia off Nicaragua’s coast. Over 40 nature reserves and national parks totaling 10 million hectares in size, which represent a kind of genetic treasure chest and information bank about the development of our planet, bear witness to the immense wealth of fauna and flora in Colombia. The harbingers of the jungle begin less than 100 kilometers from Bogota. But to get there you have to have overcome the grueling pass road of the Sierra Oriental at an altitude of 3700 meters above sea level and then mastered and survived the winding descent along abyssal gorges to a hundred meters above sea level.

The sun is just setting on the blood-red colored horizon over the steaming jungle, where shortly before dawn the tropical thunderstorm rained down heavily on the esmerald green jungle and also on the silver fuselage of the DC-6, with which we drove through the lashing propeller with a loud howl rain fl ying. The pilot’s forehead is also covered with thick water pearls. That looks like severe landing conditions. The propeller motors roaringly fight against the dense, swiftly passing clouds. The view from the small round windows sweeps over the Amazon basin, its rivers and islands. Now we are about to land and soon glide over the bumpy jungle runway.

For historians, architects and culturally ambitious the visit Cartagena, one of the most beautiful colonial-Reliq u ia very Lat e inamerikas, the highest of all emotions. The formerly important port city of the continent for the slave trade and seat of the then feared Inquisition Tribunal, a place of tragedy and heroes, adventurers and legends, is rich in castles, monasteries and museums, all of which are part of the world cultural heritage.

The original places, colonial metropolises of Colombia, the villages of the Yagua – Indians near Leticia in the triangle of three countries, the Caribbean flair of the holiday island of San Andres off the coast of Nicaragua and the dwellings of the farmers in the great natural areas combine to form a grandiose microcosm. Ü berragt of the Andes, embraced by the jungle and umwogt from the Caribbean and Pacific Symphony of the oceans, seething life of Colombians between happiness and despair, anger and powerlessness, commutes from exuberant joy of life, carried by cheerful dance music, through to the deepest sadness the victims of poverty, drug barons, corrupt politicians and tyrants. Colombians live, love and suffer life to the fullest. You will be carried away, dive in, maybe even under and with a little luck more well protected – almost on foot and leave the country again, peppered with unforgettable experiences.

In Bogota I met my professional colleague Hans-Jörg Egger. From there we flew in all directions. First n oh Letiza the border triangle Brazil, Colombia and Peru in the south of the Amazon, to Cartagena in the colonial pearl, according to Cali, then the drug stronghold of Pablo Escobar. Then to Villa Vicencio and finally up to the Caribbean island of San Andres , which lies off the coast of Nicaragua. A very ambitious program in one week and that was only possible because we arrived at the airport 15 minutes before the plane took off.

That worked perfectly, only on the last flight to Equador, which was again an international flight, we didn’t think that the procedure would take much longer. When we got to the counter and found out that boarding had already been completed, I showed two business cards to the staff at the check-in counter and said: „Stop the airplaine, now, immediately“. And just ran through the gate past the surprised securities onto the airfield. Hans-Jörg panted next to me, after all we had a lot of camera luggage in tow.

Without being shot at, we ran towards the plane, which had closed all doors and was taxiing. At the same time we saw a stair vehicle speeding towards the plane and the jet stopped. After a few dozen meters we made it and were allowed to hurry up the stairs, the doors were opened and we were on board. „Wo w, what awesome action“. Why did the plane stop? D ie a business card was that of Colombian aviation minister ’s and the other that of the Airport Director of Bogota. We had interviewed both people beforehand. And so it happened that for us two Swiss journalists in Colombia, a commercial aircraft on an international flight was stopped on the taxiway for departure and the board doors opened.

Since our boarding was already quite spectacular, we were allowed to take turns in the third pilot’s seat in the cockpit of this machine and experience the flight to Quito. It was then that I became aware for the first time how fast it goes when two commercial aircraft speed towards each other at 700 kilometers per hour. I was able to experience that on the spectacular approach to landing in Quito, when a machine that took off from there flew very close and very quickly past our cockpit. Only saw it only a tiny point that was enlarges rapidly and quickly to a spat over. Even more glaring was the flight with the military aircraft over the Andes, during which I was quite dazed as a result of the acceleration. I wasn’t as fit as a military pilot after all.

Guyana 1997/2003 : From the jungle straight to the space mission

Thanks to the cooperation with the «AOM», which linked the French departments d o utre Mer, ie French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, the South Seas or New Caledonia with Paris, I was able to fly to Cuba almost once a year and was also short in Guadeloupe, three weeks in the South Seas and now on the flight to French Guyana in the backyard of the Grande Nation, where the pepper grows, the political prisoners were banished and the European Space Station (ESA) is located in Kourou . The most exotic of all EU members is at best by the movie „Papillon“ , known as the former penal colony. The image of French Guyana, however, is also shaped by vague ideas and illustrious legends.

Guyana’s reputation as a dangerous country, populated with armies of poisonous insects, terrible tarantulas, deadly snakes, meter-long aligators and piranhas is probably true, but beyond that, the country where Europe expires is evaporating and one of them disappears in the green jungle thicket most stable in the region.

„The most dangerous creature here is humans, followed by wasps, „says Philippe Gilabert, the founder of „CISAME“ (Center Initiation Survie et Aventure au Millieu Equatorial), an idyllic camp in the middle of the green hell after a pirogue trip upriver about 60 kilometers Banks of the Approuague near the Brazilian border. “ D eople “ , so says the former parachutist Legion Etrangere and terrorism expert Gilabert, „is the most harmful creature for the fragile Eco circle of primary forest. D ann came the wasps but only for the unwary people are a threat, added d he then 43-year-old Frenchman ironically. He and Manoel, a Karipuna Rainforest Indio, it must know the n they specialize on bringing all the jungle closer (as they would like) and the hardest one 10 days Survival Training offer. So practicing Z ivilisationsgeschädigte once in archery, traps, climbing, canoeing, fishing, Feu ermachen and build shelters before he make his own experiences t as it is , having to survive in the jungle.

In Kourou , not far from Guyana’s capital Cayenne , in the European aviation center, the “Center Spacial” of the (ESA), reveals itself to the curious travelers to develop new living spaces rich in contrasts. From here goes / went the journey into space until Elon Musk tinkered new bases and spaceships. The town itself has nothing, except the usual lesson in the class hierarchy of the country. In the old town live the socially weakest, the Creoles, Indians and white laborers, surrounded by out of place concrete buildings for the middle class and on the beach the magnificent villas of the Europeans, the scientists and employees of the space station.

From the space station I take a boat to Devil’s Island, known as the penal colony in the film Papillon. The three islands off the coast, Ille Royaale, St. Jospeh and Ille Diable, where political prisoners were detained for years in extreme conditions before being guillotined. Some, it is said here, would have preferred to be eaten by the sharks on their flight through the sea than to have to continue to suffer the earthly hardships here . Guyana’s highlights include the country’s wild west. In particular, the picturesque colonial city of St. Laurent-du-Moroni, on Grenzflus s to Surinam is worth a visit. The colorful mix of peoples of Indios, jet-black pirogue guides, busy Indochinese and Hmongs who came here via France on the run from the Pol Pot regime, but also Haitian fabric dealers, Dominicans and Creoles of all shades and a few whites was impressively diverse .

During this time I also spent a lot of time at the Rote Fabrik, which was also one of the few hot spots in Zurich for young people at the time. There I also met my third girlfriend, a woman and artist named Betty Weber, who was also seven years older than me. She was a Nubian, i.e. a black woman, and also a very creative artist. I had no fear of touching mature women of any skin color and also learned to „cook on old pans,“ as we casually called a relationship between a younger man and an older woman at that time.

On the last evening before our departure, we, a small group of journalists from Switzerland, went on a late night pilgrimage through the harbor district of the capital Ceyenne and we were already quite drunk after the damp happy rounds in some pubs. Obviously one had observed us, because at a rather dark crossing, suddenly from all sides a few figures stepped from the house cracks rapidly towards us. I could just still warn my companions with a loud call, then someone sprayed me from behind coming, tear gas in the eyes, whereupon I could see nothing more and inhaled of course the irritant gas also coughing. I whirled around like a dervish and began to swing my camera equipment around to keep the three attackers at a distance, which I could only see very dimly. Then I broke through on one side and ran up the street until I was out of breath and out of reach of the gang. My colleagues were also lucky and still managed to fight back. With this adventure behind us, we left the country the next day and flew back to Switzerland.

2004: Stationed in northeastern Brazil

2003, I was for three months as a resident manager for a Swiss travel company in Fortalezza stationed in northeastern Brazil and was there a damn good time. W enig guests, so no stress, a hotel room just off the Beira Mar, which is like in Rio at the Copacabana u nd a good vehicle with which I as far as Jericoacoara to the fantastic sand dunes or in the south to Moro Branco could drive.

The Brazilian attitude towards life has already attracted me a lot on previous trips. Before that, I was in Rio de Janeiro , at the carnival in Salvador de Bahia , on the holiday island of Buzio and learned a little Portuguese as a result . Since I spoke Spanish well, it was easier for me to get started and I like the Brazilian dialects better. Au ch music a lle r Latin American sounds enchanted me: From the Tango in Argentina over the Bossa Nova of Gilberto Gil in Brazil and the folk dance Forro, as in Fortalezza, from salsa and Son on Cuba Merengue on the Dominican Republic, all these musical styles and T a nzformen talk to me. The eroticism is uniquely seductive. And so do the women. „Mamma mia. Simply hot and sweet as sugar at the same time ”.

I never quite understood why so many Swiss men were drawn to Thailand. Maybe I underestimate the seductive art of Asian, but I have just lat e inamerikanische and African cultures significantly closer. And since Fortalezza is, so to speak, the Bangkok of Brazil and weekly dozens of fully occupied cheap charter flights flew in from Amsterdam and Rome and fueled prostitution, I too made fiery acquaintances and a few amours. After three months of next came insert command and the culture shock would not have been glaring. Because the next stationary assignment should be in Sinai. But before in the Sinai and then to Lebanon goes , I would anticipate that I after Ä Egypt equal returned to Brazil and here lived another four months and reports now equal about it.

Z ack in Fortalezza, I lived only two months in the favela „Serviluz“ near the „Praia do Futuro“ at a friend’s. I had a simple room in his brick house and I felt very comfortable there. I soon knew a lot of people and the neighbors in the favela knew me, so I had no problems moving around freely. It was a comfortable hangover time because I had done good foreign exchange deals with tourists in Sinai and in Brazil before that. That was always a bearable additional source of income for the job. In Poland I almost became a zloty millionaire.

Then a friend from Switzerland visited me and we rented a “Highlux”, an off-roader, to drive up along the Brazilian coast from Fortalezza in the state of Ceara via the federal states of Maranhao and Piaui to Manaus and to make the return journey inland. That is a good 6000 kilometers that I covered in 11 days. the The terrain rides were almost more comfortable than the ride on the asphalt, which was completely covered with holes that were up to half a meter deep. D He asphalt looked , like after a nationwide Bombenbangriff. There, I drove almost permanently de m gravel strip on the right of the road to. You get ahead faster and stir up a lot of dust , which can be seen from afar.

The trip passed through Jericoacoara, a fantastic landscape of dunes, which in the next state of Maranhao was surpassed in beauty by the lakes in the sand dunes. A fascinating area. Deserts like me better , as jungles. You get on better. In the 4×4 at least. But here, I would be without the help of e inheimischen arg stranded fishermen. Numerous rivers had to be crossed on the trip and most of the time it went very well. But then we came to a river that was only very broad and shallow on our side, it was a small S andinselchen before the point where the river flowed through a narrow, traveling mouth like a funnel.

You could see it from 40 meters away. That was probably the most dangerous st e Stelle. If I couldn’t cross the last eight to ten meters to the tiny river island at full throttle, it would look bad. And that’s exactly how it was. So I drove with a lot of thrust through the 30-meter- wide, shallow spot towards the island, but there it came to a standstill and as a result I reached the raging flow with little momentum, with the bonnet at a 45 degree angle stuck three-quarters in the water. We managed to get out of the river only thanks to a boat in the lazy river that lifted the car a little and a car that pulled us back over the shallow river with a wire rope. We were lucky that there were fishermen nearby and that a vehicle came after three or four hours.

Another time, I was walking alone in the brooding midday heat and got stuck in the deep sand. It took four hours and endless Ruckelstösse for a few centimeters, until I return to could drive. The sand was burning hot and I s chaufelte for hours like a madman . I didn’t think I would be able to do it after being completely exhausted after two hours and having to take a break. After a few days we drove to the next state to Piaui and from there to Manaus .

2009: Amazon cruise from Iquitos (Peru) to Havana

In 2006 I had the unique opportunity to take part in an exclusive cruise on the „MS Bremen“, which went from the Peruvian city of Iquitos on the upper reaches of the Amazon to Manaus with scientists, nature and environmental experts on board. Thanks to the rafts , one could go so pure from the ship into the tangled side arms and learned a lot about the forest and the Indians, who in these remote Ö lived co-refuges. In the evening there was always talks and statistical facts about the loss of biodiversity, from the dwindling d s flora and fauna and associated with global warming at this location effects that affect the global climate.

On board were Dr. John H. Harwood , Amanzonian Neotropic and Biomass Expert (INPA), then Prof. Dr. Lothar Staeck from the Technical University in Berlin, an expert in biology and biodiversity, as well as Dr. Harmut Roder, historian and museum scientist and lecturer at the University of Bremen, Dr. Thomas Henningsen, expert in marine biology and river dolphins and campaign manager for forests and seas at Greenpeace Germany and Dr. Claudia Roedel, E x Pertin for biology and tropical east ecology. So a truly took exemplary team of experts, d as in such a diversified and high-profile cast is hard to find.

The plan was in Iquitos on board „to go MS Bremen“ going from Cachamarca in the highlands of Peru to the Inca thermal baths of via a stopover in Lima forth coming. But as a result of an appointment error, the „MS Bremen“ had left hours ago without me . Now I stood there and tried to charter a boat for three days to follow the luxury steamer. When I was finally able to travel to Manaus on a small speed boat , it finally took a week to catch up with the «MS- Bremen». On the wild boat sreise was me a backpack stolen and crossing the border from Peru to Brazil was still adventurous it . We arrived at the border in the dark of night. There was no hut to sleep there. On the other hand in Brazil, yes. Two fellow travelers and I found an old man who drove us over and kindly picked us up the next morning in Brazil and paddled back with us to Peru , as we had to cross the border properly in order not to arrive illegally in Brazil.

After the border crossing operation was successful and soon afterwards, after a 1000 kilometers of adventurous boat trip and six days later, I was burnt down and at the end of my tether on board the „MS Bremen“, I first relaxed on the luxury steamer and received delicious meals. Not only with valuable information and great lectures, but also with fantastic buffets and high-quality entertainment.

Dergestalt the journey on the luxury liner continued to French Guyana as a stopping off Cuba and the largest n track over open sea before us. The Ue berfahrt was quite calm. No wave to be seen. The sea as smooth as a mirror and the horizon endless. Nice in the morning at sunrise and even better in the evening at sunset. Otherwise boring if you didn’t give in to the social appearances. The coke helped perfectly over boredom and reached as far as Cuba. There I separated from the Munich couple and went my own way again. For the first time I arrived in Havana on a large cruise ship and that is a completely different , sublime sight and a different form of arrival . Much better than the castle across from the bay.

6. Chapter/Orient: In Sinai, Lebanon and the Iranian Embassy

Egypt 2004: Witness oft wo terror attacks and living with the Beduines

Arriving in Sinai in 2005, more precisely in Sharm el Sheikh, the situation as resident manager for a Swiss tour operator was again quite different from that in Brazil. Here I had to take care of about 700 guests per week, arriving with various flights on almost every day, and in addition I had to manage dozens of excursions every day, and all this under difficult conditions. This was a real challenge and about as intense as in London in 1987. First, the local tour operator was lousy and incompetent, whereupon I suspended the cooperation after two warnings with the agent on site and reorganized. I had already done this in Brazil and in both cases I made the right decision, which I then took advantage of. On the other hand, of course, I had a lot of problems with the discontinued cooperation partners and the renewed excitement in the Swiss travel center. But since I had proven my talent with restructuring in Brazil and the agent I had used had proven himself, they trusted me and were never disappointed. Operationally, I was an ace and also a master of improvisation. I also had a crisis-tested background, plenty of experience and good intuition. Most importantly. The many trips through conflict regions and to the world’s most inhospitable places in more than 50 countries, sharpened my keen intuition and eagle eyes, honed sensitivity and intuition to the point of occasional telepathy. Thanks to my analytical and tactical-strategic skills paired with quick-wittedness, rhetorical dominance, expertise, a good portion of cheekiness from the 80s and in full confidence in my guardian angel, I have always dared the extraordinary, so according to the motto. „What is a life worth giving up before it has begun for fear of death!“

The first two months as resident manager in Sinai I lived in the „Radisson „Hotel“ with all tourist amenities, good infrastructure and nice ambience. Then I was shipped to a spartan concrete block for the local tour guides in a dreary environment, whereupon I got a special permit from the Governor General for the restricted military areas in Sinai (due to the UN peacekeeping mission after the Six-Day War), so that I was allowed to drive into the restricted areas in the desert outside of Sharm-el-Sheikh at night. Because right behind the last hotel is the checkpoint, which closes in the evening at 18.00 o’clock. What was I doing there at night? Well as always access to the local color and locals outside the tourist hotspots. In this case, access to Bedouin life in the Sinai. And with outside temperatures during the day topping 50 degrees Celsius, life in the desert happens at night. Since I had already made the acquaintance of Faroud, who lived alone at the shipwreck „Maria Schroeder“ in the Nabq National Park, I could now meet him after work in the seclusion of the desert, escaping the tourist hustle and bustle, and spend a few spiritual and poetic hours under the sparkling firmament with my Bedouin friend.

The drive to him was not so easy, because the 35 km through the desert and sand dunes had it in itself. I covered the distance with the official vehicle, thus a conventional passenger car. In pitch-dark surroundings it meant then with much speed over the dunes to drive, without getting into the faltering, because without 4-wheel drive was here normally nothing to make. But I found an ideal route and bret-terte twice a week at night into the desert purely, in order to parlieren with the young Beduin, to philosophize and the sparkling stars without light pollution to enjoy. There I also saw the entry of the last space shuttle into the earth’s atmosphere in an unforgettable glowing spectacle in the firmament. During about one and a half minutes the luminous earth satellite comet and point of light with its huge fire tail, which must have been several hundred kilometers long, buzzed in the starry sky over the whole globe and disappeared at the horizon at its destination. That was an illuminating desert spectacle. Especially since I was not aware or known at that moment that a spaceship would enter the earth’s atmosphere and so I first rubbed my eyes with the Bedouin, what an extraordinary meteorite that was, which went over the whole firmament and 180 degrees horizon.

In Sinai I got to know opium that the Bedouins eat to get through the desert. This really helps enormously when you cross the Sinai or other deserts on a camel. I tried it out with the Bedouins living near the shipwreck „Maria Schröder“ on my camel trip from Sharm-el-Sheikh via Dahab to the St. Qatarine monastery at the foot of Mount Moses. At over 45 degrees in the shade, the rocking journey took four days on the dromedary through the rugged valleys of the Sinai Mountains. It was tough, but thanks to opium rations I rode through the desert like a dervish. It must have had a similar „powerfull“ effect as the „Pervertin“ that allowed the Nazis to march through France and was also used on the battlefield on the war front in the East. Or the speed pills given to Japanese kamikaze pilots for their „heroic“ death flights.

At the time I was in the Sinai, there were two of three terrorist attacks. The first was in Taba, the second in Sharm-el-Sheikh, the third in Dahab and fortunately nothing happened to any of our guests. But the fear was great and the security measures in front of each hotel were rigorous. Each car was carefully mirrored and frisked before entering the hotel driveway. On the evening of April 24, 2006, a terrorist attack was carried out in Dahab in which three fragmentation bombs were detonated. The first detonated at a busy intersection in front of the „Ghazala“ supermarket across from the police station. Two others exploded a short time later on the seafront. Around 30 people, almost all Egyptians, lost their lives in the attack. Many more people were seriously injured. In July 2005, the next and worst terrorist attack took place in Sharm El-Sheikh. Several explosive devices killed 88 people and injured over 100. At that time, there was high alert in Sinai in the military controls increased. The „MFO“ troops were on high alert. Whenever Mubarak landed in Sharm el Sheikh and drove a few miles to the port in a convoy, every 50 meters an armed, white-clad guard stood for hours to the right and left of the roadway in the dust-dry desert in the blazing sun. So here, too, I could not complain about a lack of action on the fringes of world politics and in my tour-guide activities.

All the crazier was a trip with two vehicles and seven Swiss tourists, who absolutely wanted to make a trip to Cairo with me in the car. Through the whole Sinai, from the southern tip of Sharm-el-Sheikh in one day to Cairo including the return trip with a total of over 1000 km and a good 30 military roadblocks along the way. My local co-driver and I managed the feat and needed 27 hours for the 1000 km oxen tour. Three hours longer than planned, because I overlooked the last but one military roadblock in my tiredness after more than 24 hours at the wheel and roared through the barriers built in a serpentine line at about 70 kilometers per hour – nota bene without touching a single one. The accompanying driver behind me accomplished the daredevil maneuver just as well and with tires squealing as well as smoking we drove past the baffled soldiers, immediately stepped on the gas pedal again to quickly get out of the line of fire, extinguished for safety the lights and turned after approximately 10 KM of the road into the desert and broke us a way by the mountains and the sand dunes up to Sharm el Sheikh, because otherwise at the next roadblock communicated over radio end stop would have been. Also here my guardian angels, of which I have a whole specialist troop, had done a great job. Apart from that, I miss nothing except the great moments with the Bedouins and the camel trip. The culture of the Egyptians has remained strange to me.

 Again, probably primarily a language problem. If I could speak Arabic, it would look quite different. Even the legendary „Pasha Club“, which attracted thousands of ravers every week, was lost on me. Through the assignment in the Sinai, I was of course also increasingly introduced and initiated into the geostrategic situation and conflicts, even if the Middle East was not my preferred travel region.

Lebanon 2006: In the Palestinian Camp „Shatila

It was once again an old „airline connection“ that brought me to Lebanon, because I always wanted to go there. In my youth Lebanon was the „Switzerland of the Middle East“, a cultural stronghold in the Orient, a melting pot of jet set, dropouts and creative music freaks. Moreover, from the Beeka Plain came, in my eyes, the world’s best shit, that is, hashish made from hand-harvested hemp flowers, of the finest taste and feel, and provided with particularly intense and fragrant flavors. Tempi passati, when I finally arrived in Lebanon. By then the country was already scarred by war with Israel and economically devastated, as well as socially deeply divided between ethnic groups such as the Shiites, Sunites, Druze and Maronites, as well as other ethnic groups. Beirut was a hot ground and a tricky mission, even for a crisis-tested reporter. The biggest problem was that I didn’t speak or understand a word of Arabic. I have visited many conflict regions and experienced the critical hot phases myself, but I did not dare to venture into the Hezbollah quarters without appropriate contacts and connections or a locally familiar person in the background. But in order to establish contacts, the time until my departure within a few days was too short. In addition, one of the most important protective factors in my work is not only to speak the language of the population, but if possible not to be recognized as a foreigner or stranger at all. I could not use these aces here. During my short stay I was stopped and briefly interrogated by the Lebanese army three times in one day alone and in the Hezbollah quarters it became even more uncomfortable. Almost on every third corner you were stopped as a foreigner and asked who you were and what you wanted here. Hezbollah is Iran’s most important ally in Lebanon, not only from a military but also from a political point of view, because Hezbollah, together with its allies, is the most important political force in the imploded country on the Levant. But Lebanon serves Iran as a military front against Israel and that outside its own territory. Therefore, the Assad regime in Syria is also an ally and Iran’s only strategic partner.

Due to the precarious security situation and without local contacts or adequate protection, I withdrew from this neighborhood and arrived instead at the Palestinian refugee camp of Shatila. There, a Palestinian refugee showed me the three massacre sites. The Sabra and Shatila massacre is the name given to a cleansing action by Phalangist militias, i.e. Christian Maroni soldiers, directed against Palestinian refugees living in the south of Beirut. In September 1982 – in the middle of the Lebanese civil war – the two mentioned refugee camps, which were surrounded by Israeli soldiers at that time, were stormed and hundreds of civilians were massacred by the Christian, i.e. Phalangist militias. Since the fighting was a conflict between Christian militias and Palestinian fighters, the international outrage was ignited by Israeli co-responsibility. This is because after the Israeli military withdrew to a security zone off the Israeli border, Syria took military control of the area around the refugee camp. And they allowed hundreds of Palestinians to be massacred. Since Syria was also interested in weakening the „PLO“ fighters and Palestinian nationalists who remained in Lebanon, the situation of the people in the refugee camp became even worse. In the course of the camp wars, the Shiite Amal militia perpetrated a massacre of civilians in the same Palestinian refugee camps of Sabra and Shatila in May 1985, which was condoned by Lebanese and Syrian army units. The Lebanese civil war continued until 1990, and the massacre was subsequently deemed a genocide by the United Nations General Assembly on December 16, 1982. So much for this tragic story of the Palestinian refugees in Lebanon.

After exploring Beirut a bit, I made a side trip to Byblos, which is one of the oldest cities in the world and has been inhabited for over 7000 years. The port has been used since the Stone Age. The town was also made famous by the legend of Adonis, who died a day’s journey away at the source of the Adonis River. The rise of Byblos came with the need of the Egyptian Pharaohs for Lebanese cedar wood for their ships. Then came the Greeks, who gave the place its present name, when papyrus played the greatest role in the rise of the Phoenicians, because it was here that the first alphabet was created, and Byblos therefore became the birthplace of writing and the Bible. After the Asyrians and Babylonians, the Persians conquered the area until Alexander the Great imposed the Greek influence. Finally, the Romans also arrived in Byblos. A city that historically has always played a great role and has experienced different influences and currents.

Considering that in the 1970s and early 1980s Lebanon was a very liberal country with a pronounced French savoir vivre, and Beirut, as well as Tehran in Iran and Kabul in Afghanistan, were strongholds of pleasure and attracted the international jet set as well as dropouts on their way to India, Beirut now only radiated a pathetically run-down „disaster chick“. The traces of wars and bombings are unmistakable and very depressing. When, in 2020, the entire port blew up and pulverized the surrounding neighborhood, the state, which had been bled dry by a number of clans, had reached the end of its rope. In addition, Lebanon is also carrying another burden, that of the more than one and a half million Syrian refugees. A hopeless situation for the cedar country. With the rented car I drove from the temple ruins of the Unesco World Heritage Byblyos to Tripoli and then up into the high mountains to Bsharreh to the Maronite rock monasteries. Unfortunately, there was not enough time for the Bekka plain. Today Lebanon is an imploded, highly corrupt, stale state and the religious groups are more divided than ever. But let us remember that Europe was also shaken by religious conflicts for over 150 years until a secular society emerged.

The Persian Poppy Shah and His Diplomatic Drug Princes

Humanitarian reasons did not count in the Persian empire of the Shah of Persia. As one of the most merciless persecutors of drug traffickers, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi had had well over 100 people shot for illegal possession of drugs since 1969 on the basis of his anti-drug law. Anyone caught in Persia with more than ten grams of heroin or two kilograms of opium was sentenced to death. All the greater was the unease and political dilemma in Switzerland over the course of the Geneva affair, when a member of the Shah’s team, who broke off his winter vacation in St. Moritz because judges and individual members of the authorities in Geneva had demanded that the immunity of the opium prince, who was not accredited in Switzerland, be lifted in order to initiate criminal drug proceedings.

After all, Persia was Switzerland’s third most important trading partner in Asia at the time and, moreover, one of its largest arms buyers. In 1969/70, Swiss war material producers sold weapons systems in Iran for over 90 million Swiss francs. For the sake of the prominent St. Moritz winter sportsman Resa, the most prominent anti-Shah agitator, Bahman Nirumand, was also not allowed to speak publicly in Switzerland at that time. In the same year that the Shah enacted the world’s toughest drug prohibition laws, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi lifted a 1955 ban on opium poppy planting and ascended to the throne of poppy farmers: 12,000 hectares of poppy crops belonged to him and his family. According to the WHO in Geneva, the heroin and opium extracted from the imperial poppy could only be used medicinally to a very small extent. Thus Persia, along with Afghanistan and Turkey, was the hubs for the illicit trade.

UN drug investigators noted another Persian anomaly at the time: while all countries had destroyed the drugs they seized, of the 18.4 tons of drugs seized, only 329 kilos were destroyed in Iran, with 152 kilos going to the legal trade. of the remaining 17 tons, the Shah had them distributed around the world via his diplomatic couriers. Suspicions that Persian diplomats were smuggling heroin and opiates for their emperor’s foreign exchange coffers had not just arisen since the Huschang affair in Geneva, who had already been charged and imprisoned twelve years earlier in Paris for possession and use of drugs.In 1961, when poppy planting was banned in Iran, the Shah’s twin sisters, Princess Ashraf, were also reportedly caught at Geneva’s Coin-trin airport with a suitcase full to the brim of heroin. Only their diplomatic immunity, according to the „National-Zeitung“, had protected them from prosecution. What does the situation look like today?

Iran’s drug problems have increased and are causing a stir at home as well as internationally. In June 2017, Iran’s Central Narcotics Control Board announced that, according to one study, 2.8 million to 3 million Iranians between the ages of 15 and 65 were addicted to drugs. Observers estimate their number is even higher. Drug abuse has thus doubled in six years. In 2016, a member of parliament’s social affairs committee revealed that some addicts are as young as 11. Particularly troubling is the trend and latent drug abuse among women. Sometimes drug-addicted mothers give birth to addicted babies. A vicious spiral. The escalation resembles a national epidemic and affects people from different backgrounds. The middle class may use illicit substances as recreational drugs. Hopelessness, however, seems to play a significant role in the growing abuse. Desperation as a result of sanctions and the Corona crisis is widespread in Iran and is growing with the lack of economic prospects and political alternatives. Economic hardship-the result of decades of mismanagement and corruption-and international sanctions have left a strong psychological impact on society. Iran’s geographic proximity to Afghanistan, the center of opium production, also contributes. Ninety percent of the world’s opium poppy crop comes from the neighboring country, which shares a 1,000-kilometer border with Iran. According to Parviz Afshar, spokesman for the Central Narcotics Control Board, opium is the most commonly used narcotic in Iran, accounting for about two-thirds of the total amount of drug use. Marijuana and its derivatives are now in second place at about 12 percent. They have replaced methamphetamines. Cannabis products are thought to be used mainly by younger people, who also talk about them more freely than other drug users. Open sharing on social networks and the legalization of cannabis in parts of the Western world have contributed to its popularity, believes Abbas Deylamizadeh, head of the non-governmental Rebirth Charity Society. Since the 1979 revolution, the Iranian government has tried to crack down on drug cultivation and use, as well as alcohol consumption. Again, without success and with serious consequences

According to the Islamic law in force in Iran, all of this is forbidden. The laws are strict and have been vigorously enforced. Dubious policy of severity: Until last year, the policy showed no tolerance for drug offenders. Possession of even the smallest amounts of hard drugs, such as heroin or cocaine, was punishable by death. Over the past decades, thousands of drug offenders were arrested and executed. But the rigid policy was not successful. The drug crisis has worsened. But President Hassan Rohani’s government persuaded parliament and the Guardian Council to amend drug laws last year. The reform eliminates the death penalty for certain drug offenses. It is estimated that this has already saved the lives of close to 4,000 inmates on death row. What was not abolished was the death penalty for possession of or trafficking in at least two kilograms of hard drugs or 50 kilograms of opium or cannabis. It also continues to apply to repeat offenders. 

The Murderous God State and General Qassam Soleimani’s Execution

What „the hell“ made the Iranian ambassador in Switzerland Alireza Salari to invite me to the diplomatic celebration on the occasion of the 35th anniversary of the Iranian revolution against Shah Reza Pahlevi in the embassy in Bern, I do not know. I was thinking of a short media appointment and a few words „on the state of the nation“. But things turned out differently. I was the only media representative and photographer among a hand-picked selection of non-state guests. All the other 150 or so invited guests were diplomats or spies or both. Things got even more interesting when Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammed Javad Sarif also appeared at the Iranian Embassy in Bern and was greeted by Alireza Salari. Switzerland and the Iranian Embassy in Bern as well as the accredited representatives to the United Nations play an important role in world politics in the diplomatic relations between Iran and the United States. As in the case of Cuba, Switzerland serves as a neutral country and mediator of diplomatic interests between these countries.

The nuclear negotiations with Iran also took place in Montreux. In this sense, Switzerland and the „UN“ in Geneva are the hub for U.S. diplomatic relations with Iran and Cuba. However, we do not want to talk about that here, but first introduce a string-puller of Iranian foreign policy and look at his abilities as well as his great influence on world affairs, which by far exceeded that of American presidents. General Qassam Soleimani, the „Che Guevara“ of the Iranian revolution also ended up something like his famous Cuban predecessor, who had the same idea and exported the Cuban revolution not only to all Latin American countries, but he went so far as to logically support communist or Marxist countries in Africa. Gaddafi, after all, went about financing liberation and terrorist organizations (depending on your view and use of language) in much the same way .

General Qassam Soleimani, Tehran’s longtime gray eminence, was appointed by Khomenei to head the „Khuz“ brigades in 1998 and coordinated attacks on the Israeli occupiers from Lebanon until they withdrew two years later. In retrospect, Israel’s invasion of Lebanon is one of its gravest mistakes because it fueled Iran to build up Hezbollah in Lebanon and attack Sunnis in Iraq with Shiite militias, as then-Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian acknowledged. General Qassam Soleimani was the creator of the „Axis of Resistance to Imperialism“ and the longtime chief strategist in Iranian foreign policy aimed at engaging imperialists abroad and uniting the Shiite community throughout the Middle East and defending the faith community against Sunni claims to power. In particular, the eight-year Iraq war, which cost the lives of over a million Iranians, and the Israeli invasion of Lebanon, shaped Soleimani, who grew up under the „Revolutionary Guards“ and „Khuz“ brigades, a special unit.

Iran has benefited from the collapse of Iraq and the aftermath of the Arab Spring, massively expanding its influence in the region. Tehran is driven by three main interests: the three components of Iranian foreign policy are ideological, geopolitical and security strategies. Ideologically, Iran sees itself on the one hand as a protective power of oppressed Muslims in the context of a revolutionary resistance force against Israel and the United States. Geopolitically, Iran aims to stand up to Saudi Arabia and expand its influence in the region. The rivalry is being played out in Syria or Yemen. Since Iran is militarily inferior to its most powerful neighbors in terms of strength, it is shifting its defensive disposition to neighboring countries.

A powerful network of non-state actors is essential in this context. Tehran’s regional policy decisions are made by the Supreme National Security Council, which includes the president, representatives of the revolutionary leader, the commanders of the armed forces and, in operational terms, the Quds (Jerusalem) Brigades. It also includes the Pasdaran, the paramilitary revolutionary guards. The supranational network includes cooperation and support for Hamas in the Palestinian territories and the Gaza Strip. In Lebanon, as mentioned, Hezbollah plays a crucial role, and there are good state-level contacts with the Assad regime. This is Iran’s asymmetric warfare in the Middle East, which has been successful so far.

When Osama Bin Laden reduced the Twin Towers to rubble, the Yanks suddenly wanted to know more from the Iranians about the Taliban and the situation in Afghanistan. Iran also saw Osama Bin Laden as an enemy, so Solemani, as head of the Khuz Brigades in Geneva, provided the CIA with key intelligence. But the Iranian-American alliance did not last long, already the stupid Bush fired up the Iranians again to enemies of the state and kreeirte the „axis of evil“. Iran, feeling threatened by the U.S. intervention in Iraq and by being surrounded by aggressive, imperialist U.S. troops, intervened at the United Nations and they warned the Americans of the consequences of intervention in Iraq in Geneva. But the Americans then „within a few months destroyed the entire structure in Iraq, weakened the state and disbanded the armed forces,“ according to Hossam Dawod, an advisor to the Iraqi dictator. „The foundations of Iraqi society were totally destroyed in the process.“

Soleimani also took advantage of the power vacuum created by the Yanks. „He played a central role in the post-war development in Iraq“ and influenced history there as well, in which he sent the Iraqi Shiite militias trained in Iran back home, equipped them with weapons and also supported them financially, several insiders confirm. As a result, the pro-Iranian Hezbollah attacked U.S. forces so mercilessly that the Americans had to withdraw, once again leaving behind a gigantic mess that will occupy the Western and Middle Eastern world for decades to come. For Iran’s shitic aggression in Iraq gave rise to the Sunni variant of extremism, the IS, which as we know has also caused much misery, to put it mildly and to cut the known events short.

And domestically, after the eight-year Iran-Iraq war, some 4,000 Iranians were then executed in a purge wave, revealing the murderous God-state’s ruthlessness toward politically rebellious individuals. Also during later protests, for example during the uprisings as a result of the increased gasoline prices, sharp shots were fired and many demonstrators were killed with targeted shots to the head, many more were sentenced to long prison terms after imprisonment or were executed and buried in mass graves without the relatives being given the corpses or being allowed to mourn. A barbaric system.

The situation is complicated. Bashar Assad is, after all, a Christian and therefore the Western states forgive him the so far untouched claim to power in Syria despite once tepid protests against his dictatorial regime at the beginning of the revolution in the shadow of the Arab Spring that he was able to defend until today. Because the Sunnis, and in particular the strengthened IS, were now also becoming a threat to Bashar Assad in Syria, Solemani and Assad joined forces in the fight against the Sunnis. Solemani flew in a plane loaded with humanitarian goods to Amman to Assad and coordinated with him the attacks against the IS. So from that point of view, ironically, Europe and the West should be a little bit grateful to Solemani. Now to another brilliant strategy play by Solemani that led to the control of Iraq from Tehran and cost the Americans billions for the arch enemy. Of the reconstruction aid between 2005 – 2015 amounting to some 800 billion. U.S. dollars to Iraq, about $312 billion was diverted by the Iranians via Hezbollah and other pro-Iranian organizations and taken out of the country, according to a Finance Committee report by former Iraqi minister Ahmed Al Hadj.

„Iraq became Iran’s cash cow,“ Hosham Dawod also affirms. But in 2019, Solemani was disavowed by an intelligence leak to Iran’s MOIS. Then the 2014 war crimes in „Jurf al Sakhar“ came to light. The Shiite Hezbollah committed atrocious crimes, resulting in over 150,000 displaced among the Sunni population. Qassem Solemani is dead. And that is a good thing. But this changes little in the foreign policy of Iran and one also wonders how many Americans should have been killed or eliminated before in order to avoid all the mischief that the USA finally caused in its own interests with catastrophic consequences for the whole world. But one must ask oneself, with all the blame on the USA, what the Muslim society and diaspora worldwide is doing to finally pacify the continuously smoldering religious conflict between Sunnis and Shiites and to end the Gordian knot of many conflicts and terrorist acts? Almost nothing is happening. And that is the biggest problem. But let’s remember for a moment how long the conflict between Christians and Catholics lasted and how many lives were claimed by religious wars in Europe. Let us be aware that in our mostly passive role as unbelieving spectators at the grotesque world events and the most evil practices of power, we often corrupt even in small ways and turn a blind eye to many grievances and conveniently fade out further interventions.

In any case, one thing becomes apparent again and again. The interventions of the Americans, be it in Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan or Syria are and ended with a huge disaster that made all regions ultimately more unstable and created numerous aggressors. And also the conditions on Guantanamo and the torture methods practiced there throw an inglorious light on the military interventions of the USA. No bitch licks that, as we say so casually. Also, the armament of all terrogroups existing today have mostly happened on military armament by the United States. A fatal cycle that seems to repeat itself again and again.

Comoros: The Perfume Islands emerge from obscurity

Now we take a short detour into the Indian Ocean to an unknown group of islands that were once colonized by France. We are talking about the Comoros. For a long time, the rival sultanates at the crossroads of the Arab and African worlds kept themselves hidden. Apart from the perfume manufacturers who stocked up and enriched themselves here with the coveted ylang-ylang fragrances, few people know the Grande Comores, with its four islands, Grande Comores, Anjouan, Moheli and Grand Mayotte. The locals call the four volcanic islands between Madagascar and Mocambique Ngazidja, Ndzuani, Mwali and Mayotte. They are politically and geographically divided and culturally a panopticon where Malay, Polynesian, African and French influences merge. Before the colonial era, as many as 12 sultanates vainly struggled for supremacy.

The French succeeded in 1845 in placing the Comoros, weakened by the quarreling regents, under their protective rule and declared it an overseas territory of the Grande Nation in 1912. In a 1977 referendum, Mayotte’s population alone voted to remain with France. The other islands opted for independence and for the long-awaited, hard-fought independence and finally united to form the Islamic Confederation of the Comoros. But the split Mayotte clouded the unity of the new island state, which, by the way, the independence economically seen, enormously penalized and totally impoverished. In tourist attractiveness the islands would not lack by far. Grande Comores is the largest island with 1025 square kilometers. Behind Ngazidja’s capital Moroni, whose magnificent building, the gleaming white Friday Mosque, stands out from the sea of houses from afar, rises the mighty volcano Karthala. It erupted for the last time in 1977, leaving behind broad lava trails that gave the youngest volcanic island in Comoros a bizarre appearance.

Crossing Grande Comores from west to east over the steep Dibwani Pass, many other small volcanic cones rise up on the northern flank of the road. The Comoros probably owe their Arabic name of „moon islands“ to this fantastic lunar landscape. Also the coast is mostly made of rugged, pitch-black lava rock. The most beautiful seaside resort of the main island offers three pearl-white beaches, surrounded by the offshore, dazzling coral reef. The Galawa Hotel is nestled here. At low tide, colorfully dressed women in headscarves arrive in droves. In the shallow, crystal-clear water, they fish with nets and harpoons made of rebar, hunting for squid or even larger fish that get caught in their nets, which are stretched out in a circle and then tightened. Anjouan, the pearl of the Comoros, is the island of untouched valleys, idyllic tropical rivers and rugged, densely guarded crater landscapes and volcanic cones. At the foot of the rainforests lie the wonderfully fragrant vanilla, spice and ylang ylang plantations, from which the French perfume manufacturers enriched themselves for decades. The neighboring island of Moheli has an African orientation and is a refuge for giant water turtles, which I was completely surprised to see burying their eggs by the hundreds on the beach at night, brightly lit by the full moon.

Otherwise the island is rather a refuge for Robinson Cruso followers. On the market of Mitsamiouli one recognizes the few Musungus (white tourists) at first sight. I saw in any case except my three journalist colleagues not a single white on the island. Here, it was not women veiled with black hijabs that dominated the picture, but the ladies dressed in colorful ngazidjas and Lesotho shawls wrapped around their bodies, whereas the women on Anjouan mostly wore a red and white chiromani. Many of the faces were covered with a thick layer of sandalwood as sun and mosquito protection. The beauty mask, which crumbled as the day wore on, served to keep the delicate skin of the women well cared for. I was really shocked when I saw condoms lying around in the hotel room of the puritanical Islamic states of God. That instead of the Koran condoms would lie on the night table, I would have expected here last. And that here condoms obviously belonged to the standard hotel room equipment, I would never have expected. One (n) learns to it. Later I found out that in addition to the normal rate there was also a Schäferstündchen rate. But from the pragmatized and contemporary so-called immoralities now to the traditional matriarchal customs of the country.

At the Grande Mariage, the most pompous celebration and most important event in the life of a Komor man and woman, traditionally all the guns are brought out. It happens that the parents build their bride a house, while the groom showers the bride with real gold or jewels. The wedding, which is often celebrated over a period of days with hundreds of guests, is not only a major festive event but is also always associated with social advancement. At least that is the expectation of most islanders. Through this act, a family also achieves a change of class into the upper class, is accepted into the circle of the grands notables and is henceforth also more influential in the political-religious context. However, the grande mariage not infrequently also means the financial ruin of a family. Even then, young people rightly complained that the money would be better invested in education and the further development of the country instead of being squandered so senselessly. The illiteracy rate at that time was almost 50 percent and the Republic of the Comoros was one of the 15 poorest nations in the world.

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7th Chapter: Climate change: How do we meet the epochal challenge?

Species extinctions & pandemics: Will we survive?

In this chapter, I would like to go into detail about the scientific findings on the SOS state of Mother Earth as a result of home-made climate change and the consequences for the world’s population, as I have been dealing with this for a good 30 years and have seen the dramatic effects worldwide. Above all, however, the indigenous peoples around the globe have always impressed me with their understanding of nature. They are also among the first to suffer and be displaced, but also the younger and next generations will be stunned to realize that we have burned almost as much gas, coal and oil in the rush to consume after the oil crisis in 1975 and especially since the beginning of the 1990s as in a million years of earth’s history before. And this, although the sun has always sent 10,000 times more energy to the earth’s surface than man needs and mankind, despite scientific knowledge, is not able to follow politically and certainly not to act adequately. I will also talk about all the polluters, the oil, coal and gas industry, which, despite knowing better, have been trying to legitimize their disastrous raison d’être at the expense of society, nature and the geosphere for 50 years with disinformation campaigns worth billions – unfortunately with success until today. Finally, I show practicable approaches to solutions and hope that the climate journey inspires you to do even more than before and to influence other people, companies positively and actively and to take politics to task. Ultimately, it is up to the consumer to live ecologically. But to do so, we all have to turn our lives around. Let’s go. We can do it

We have passed the zenith and, despite technical progress, we have to spell back and return to the elementary and fundamental roots of our civilization and evolutionary history. The earth suffers from three diseases: Extinction of species, climate change and pandemics! This is as if the patient had a liver cirrhosis, a heart weakness and a kidney insufficiency at the same time. Consequently, there will be more wars, diseases, conflicts, famine and natural disasters if we do not get the exploitation of resources and the population growth under control. Food shortages, distribution struggles and migration flows can already be seen worldwide as a result of climate change and they will increase dramatically, if we do not radically change much in our consumption patterns immediately, it is very likely that the end of humanity will be near in a hundred years and our population will largely collapse. This will not be the end of evolution, but certainly the end of an era as we humans need, know and love it to live! It is not excluded that with the big species extinction also our species will be wiped out to a large extent and the human being will become the planetary history.

First we wiped out the Pleistocene fauna in North America and in South America, then in Australia the large giant marsupials and birds, and when man populated Polynesia, the large megafauna elements disappeared all the way to New Zealand. When these are missing, it also affects the entire fauna and flora. For example, in the last 10,000 years we have destroyed about half of the earth’s natural forest cover and altered the biosphere to the point that entire animal populations have been wiped out. Whereby the Red Lists record and cover only a fraction of what humans have wiped out in terms of fauna and flora. That is, the 800 species that have been shown to have become extinct in the past 500 years do not represent the number of animals and species that have actually disappeared or are currently disappearing. We are losing many species in the last remaining primary forests long before we even discovered and scientifically described them. Today we know that in just 40 years we have wiped out 78 percent, or more than two-thirds, of the flying insects, and the mass extinction continues, because in the near future we will lose about one million animal species, according to forecasts. First we have changed the vegetation and the animal world with agriculture and resource extraction, then we have poisoned the geosphere, first with CFCs, now with greenhouse gases. Mineral resources are mercilessly exploited, sometimes under inhumane conditions, the environment is poisoned, the local population is displaced, but the profit benefits only a few. This should not only give us food for thought, but also prompt us to act, because the garbage dump of mankind is now visible not only in the most distant regions, but also on and under the surface of the oceans. And as is well known, this is only the tip of the iceberg. Micro-plastics, nanoparticles as well as pesticide toxins have long since reached the groundwater and the food chain, causing further damage to health and great suffering. Fortunately, we cannot see all the junk in space from the eye. What do we have to do to stop the destruction of our planet? Well we would have to take a whole series of drastic measures, although a disastrous, global climate tsunami is rolling towards mankind, notabene in the soon 50 year old knowledge of the harmful CO2 emissions for our planet, we continue to happily exploit fossil energies, subsidize the cattle (-feed), meat and dairy industry and consume more and more, with which the resources continue to be mercilessly exploited and fauna and flora as well as the habitat of millions of people are destroyed.

The „NASA“ scientist James Hendson warned already in the 70’s in few, precisely formulated sentences before the dramatic effects of the greenhouse gas output caused by humans on climate and atmosphere. The oil and coal industries also had warnings from their own experts and commissioned scientists. But instead of taking them seriously, the leading oil companies „Exxon“, „Standard Oil“, „BP“, „Schell“, „Total“ decided to ignore them completely and to start an unprecedented disruptive disinformation campaign that continues to this day. For this purpose, armies of lobbyists, pseudo-scientists, journalists, parliamentarians were summoned and bribed to play down and deny climate change and to sow all kinds of doubts about the scientific findings. The oil industry and its lobbyists also penetrated and infiltrated the prestigious American universities. Generous donations to the institutions prevented overly critical professors and reports. On the other hand, renowned experts, including physicists and Nobel Prize winners, were disavowed and spied upon by all perfidious means and portrayed as communists or fantasists. To this end, the oil industry used the strategy of the tobacco lobby, which had perfected these practices long before, but ultimately had to accept a widespread ban on tobacco in the workplace and in restaurants, or almost entirely in public life. Thus, the massive lobbying efforts of the oil and coal industries began to pay off from the 1970s to the present. The issue had been swept off and under the table for the time being, and with the liberalization of air traffic from 1993 and in a second important step in 1997, air traffic began to develop massively. The „Easy-Jet“ generation was just rolling along and I was stunned by the disruptive, thoughtless and unrestrained wasteful trend reversal. Instead of the insight to keep moderation, air traffic exploded.

The electric, gas and coal industries also successfully fought photovoltaics, which had been available since 1948, and the hype at the time to build or equip homes with solar panels. With massive financial resources, smear campaigns and political influence, the U.S. electricity industry first succeeded in financing its basis for its own power grid with subsidies and from taxpayers‘ money, and then fleeced the population for decades – and this model then took hold in Europe as well. But let’s imagine what it would have been like if this pioneering ecological power supply solution had become the standard back then. Then we would have built e-cars back in the 90s and made a lot less of a mess of our planet. We could have left all the coal and oil in the ground and local populations around the world would have benefited from independent, local power generation. Back to the disastrous reality.

Scientists agree that if emissions remain the same, the temperature will be 2.1 to 3.5 degrees above pre-industrial levels by 2050. If CO2 emissions were to double by mid-century, the temperature could rise by as much as 5.7 degrees. And unfortunately, this is how things will continue. That’s because the U.S. government’s Energy Information Administration (EIA) calculated in 2019 that CO2 emissions will rise from around 36 billion tons annually today to more than 42 billion tons by 2050 as a result of the industrialization of many countries, which is only just beginning. China produces the most greenhouse gas, about a quarter of the total, ahead of the U.S. at 18 percent and the EU at 17 percent. The share of CO2 emissions that are absorbed in sinks, forests or oceans and do not remain in the atmosphere is about 44 percent, according to the report.

According to „Copernicus,“ the decade from 2011 to 2020 was globally the hottest year since measurements began. In Europe, too, but especially in the Arctic, record values of up to six degrees above average were recorded in the period from 1981 to 2010. In 2020, the high temperatures are particularly extreme, as they occurred without an El Niño effect in the previous year. In 2021, temperatures are likely to rise again as a result of the La Nina effect, and this is despite the fact that we have now had a Covid-19 year of very limited air traffic. As a result, the CO2 increase will certainly continue to rise, the Arctic will continue to melt, and if the „worst case“ scenario occurs and the Atlantic roll no longer moves as it has, we are looking at dark times. In view of the unfortunate fact that after more than 30 years of procrastination and hesitation, denial and denial, watching the destruction and looking the overwhelming facts almost idly in the eye, living in the consciousness and with the guilty conscience of even more overexploitation than ever before, each of us must now take the reins into our own hands and make substantial contributions. „Reduce to the max“ is the motto. In other words, reduce resource consumption at all levels – we are all in the same boat, as Covid has impressively shown us. There is no time to lose. Politically, much more can be done than has been done so far. Lets do it. Now!

Because the precious, vital treasures of our earth are disappearing at the speed of light. Every four seconds, forests the size of a soccer field are cut down worldwide – also or primarily for soy or palm oil plantations. The destruction of rainforests by slash-and-burn in the Amazon, Congo and Indonesia accounts for eleven percent of global CO2 emissions! Biodiversity is rapidly declining, with up to 150 plant and animal species disappearing from the earth every day. The more natural habitats shrink, the greater the risk of viruses spreading from animals to humans. Corona is the most recent example. Ebola, dengue, Mers, Sars, Zika, all these viruses have also been proven to be due to climate change and dwindling biodiversity. That’s why we need to be much more determined to protect natural habitats and crack down on wildlife trafficking and wildlife markets. According to the scientific journal „Nature Ecology and Evolution“, there is a dramatic extinction of insects with serious consequences for the ecosystem and human societies. Forecasts show that we will lose over a million animal species in the next few years, and many species will be so decimated in their populations that they will no longer matter. With maximum impact on humans: The destruction of the rainforests as well as the loss of biodiversity of the native fauna and flora will lead to an increased incidence of e.g. Lyme disease. It has been proven that with less small mammal biodiversity, there is a higher Borrelia load in the ticks. Due to climate warming and the loss of biodiversity with hotter and drier summers and winters, the risk of contracting Lyme disease in temperate zones is also increasing.

On a 20 percent of the earth’s surface, 80 percent of the biodiversity hot spots of all species are found in the tropics. One of the most comprehensive studies by Anthony Warden of the University of Cambridge, in which around 100 economists worldwide examined how the global economy benefits from nature, found that if 30 percent of the earth’s surface were protected with the most important protected areas, the benefits of protecting these areas would outweigh the costs by a ratio of 1:5. In other words, if we invest one euro in protection, we gain four euros in the long term. But it will be a long time before this realization takes hold in the lowlands of the resource-intensive economy. It is simply incomprehensible that despite all the findings that were already available in the early 1990s, and at the latest in 1997 with the „IPPC“ report, and which proved the lonely callers in the desert right, hardly any effective measures were taken or consistently implemented.

Already the first „IPPC“-report of 1990 warned the world population for the first time in detail and supported with scientific knowledge about the consequences of our unbridled overexploitation – and also shook me up. So you don’t need to be a crazy doomsday prophet to believe in apocalyptic climate conditions. The scientific findings at that time and the realization of how lamely we react to the threat already allow no other conclusion than that our species will reach the end of the age if it continues like this. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, there are two horror scenarios: One is the rise of the sea level by two meters by the end of the century, depending on how fast the Antarctic ice sheet continues to melt. Another is the collapse of the Atlantic Overcurrent Current (AMOC), which has already weakened. It distributes cold and warm water in the Atlantic and influences, for example, the monsoon in Africa and Asia, which is important for billions of people.

The ocean current is also known as the Gulf Stream, and in the higher waters it carries mild temperatures up to the Channel Islands, Ireland and Great Britain, and on toward the Netherlands to western Germany and Scandinavia, even in winter. The Gulf Stream system moves almost 20 million cubic meters of water per second, about a hundred times the Amazon current,“ says Stefan Rahms-torf, a researcher at the „Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research“ and the initiator and co-author of a study on the importance of this climate system (PIK), which was published in the scientific journal „Nature Geoscience“ in spring 2021. The collapse of the Gulf Stream would also have serious consequences for Europe, because the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Current (AMOC) has also dramatically lost strength in recent decades and changed the weather in Europe. But let’s leave the horror scenario aside and focus on Europe’s biodiversity loss, the failed EU agricultural and transport policies and take a closer look at the Swiss banking and commodity sector. There at the levers of neo-capitalism and the riches of the potentates and corporations we have to readjust the screws.

End times: The Sixth Mass Extinction has begun – are we going down with it?

At the end of 2020, Switzerland had to take stock of where it stands with regard to the protection of its biodiversity, both to review the objectives achieved in the Swiss Biodiversity Strategy and the global Biodiversity Convention, which states: „The conservation status of populations of national priority species shall be improved by 2020 and extinction shall be prevented as far as possible.“ Switzerland is on track for only one target in the biodiversity strategy, and that is forest biodiversity. For one-third of the targets, the result is lower, for one-third no progress is seen, and for the final third, developments are going in the opposite direction. The picture is also almost congruent with the national strategy for the „Aichi“ biodiversity targets, which were agreed in 2010 as part of the Bio-diversity Convention: Switzerland is on track for only one fifth. For 35 percent of the targets, however, there has been no progress at all. But among birds alone, by the end of the decade, partridge, snipe, curlew, red-headed shrike and ortolan had become extinct as breeding birds or were present in tiny numbers.

The Swiss flora was one of the richest and most diverse in Europe, but more than 700 plant species are considered to be threatened with extinction. Researchers from the „University of Bern“ and the Data and Information Center of the Swiss Flora analyzed the results with the help of 400 volunteer botanists and visited and verified over 8000 old known sites of the 713 rarest and most endangered plant species in Switzerland between 2010 and 2016. This unique treasure trove of data has now been analyzed by the „University of Bern and the results published in the scientific journal „Conservation Letters“. In their „treasure hunt“, the botanists often came up empty-handed – 27% of the 8024 populations could not be recovered. Species, which are classified by experts as most endangered, even lost 40% of their populations in comparison to the findings from the last 10 – 50 years.

We, the supposedly „clean“ Swiss, and our almost equal German neighbors are world champions in consumption, consumption, waste and CO2 emissions. Switzerland has made it to fourth place on the world ranking list of polluters and CO2 emitters, but we have exported our large footprint abroad. Thus the civilization garbage of our over all mass consuming and resources squandering society from the emergence to the destruction is banished from our eyes and our environment. One of the dirtiest industries, the textile industry, but also other polluting productions have been moved to China, Vietnam and Bangladesh in the last decades. The CO-2 emissions are thus largely outsourced to structurally weak or human rights-denying regions. For this, „My climate“ compensation certificates and similar instruments have been created to soothe our conscience, but not to alleviate the situation. Our balance sheet is by no means good and clean but simply miserable. The „My-Climate“ CO2 compensation business is pure eyewash and helps no one if we steadily increase our consumption and waste of resources instead of drastically reducing them and do not radically rethink our throwaway society.

In this country, too, biodiversity, waters, glaciers and air pollutants are in a bad way. In accounting terms, more than 30 million tons of CO2 (instead of being emitted on Swiss soil) would have to be saved outside the country’s borders. This will not only cost billions, but is also economically and ecologically absurd. These amounts for CO2 reductions not achieved domestically will be missed by the economy. The „decarbonization of society“ will not progress one millimeter in this way, the dependency and mess would become bigger and bigger, simply because of the increasing population density. Now the thin protective layer in the atmosphere is not worth a penny in the free market economy, it costs nothing and to pollute it also not. This must change!

The facts are alarming and document impressively the decline of many endangered species in Switzerland. Particularly affected are plants from so-called ruderal sites – areas that are under constant human influence. Among the affected plant species are the marginal vegetation of agriculturally used or populated areas. These populations showed losses more than twice as large as species from forests or alpine meadows. The intensification of agriculture with a large use of fertilizers and herbicides, but also the loss of small structures such as rock piles and field margins are particularly affecting this species group. Plant species of water bodies, banks and bogs are similarly affected. Here too, according to the researchers, the causes are homemade: loss of water quality due to micropollutants and fertilizer pollution from agriculture, the loss of natural river dynamics due to river straightening, the use of rivers as a source of electricity, or the draining of moorland.

In Germany, 80,000 measurements were carried out by interdisciplinary working groups from Germany, Austria, Switzerland and the Netherlands as part of the „Jena“ experiment. They had sown different numbers of plant species on more than 500 experimental plots, ranging from monocultures to mixtures of 60 species. In addition to plants, all organisms occurring in the ecosystem were studied – in the soil and above it. In addition, the material cycles of carbon, nitrogen and nitrate and also the water cycle over the entire period of 15 years. In this way, the scientists were able to demonstrate how species diversity affects the capacity of the soil to absorb, store or release water. The Jena experiment was the first to show how much the nitrogen cycle of a soil depends on many factors such as species diversity, microbiological organisms, the water cycle and plant interaction.

Species-rich meadows had a higher productivity than species-poor meadows over the entire period of the „Jena Experiment“. Consequently, if a farmer promotes and fertilizes certain species, he is on average not more successful than nature. The biomass energy (bioenergy content) of species-rich meadows was significantly higher than that of species-poor meadows, but at the same time similar to many of today’s heavily subsidized species, such as Chinese reed. Species-rich areas had better carbon storage, insect and other species numbers were significantly higher, and species interactions such as pollination occurred more frequently. Species-rich grasslands transported surface water into the soil better, and diversified ecosystems were more resilient to disturbances than species-poor monocultures were to droughts or floods.Farmers really need to roll up their arms now and ensure water conservation and biodiversify and renaturalize their farmland, or do we want to keep poisoning ourselves? Consumers have it in their hands to make do with vegan and locally produced goods and thus put an end to livestock farming, methane belching and cattle feed monocultures.

The droughts in Europe are homemade and the result of the EU’s agricultural subsidy policy.

„Three years of extreme heat and drought, like we had in Europe from 2018-2020, hasn’t happened in 250 years,“ says Dr. Andreas Marx of the „UFZ Helmholz Centre for Environmental Research“ in Leipzig, which has created a drought monitor that shows drought conditions across Germany on a daily basis. „We wouldn’t have expected a drought like this until around 2040 and not already today,“ Marx continues. Agriculture is running out of water. Cultivation can often only be sustained with artificial irrigation systems because in many places the groundwater level has dropped, making artificial watering of fields even more ecologically and economically nonsensical. Also the forest suffers from the drought and dies as Dr. Nicole Wellbrock of the „Thünen Institute for Forest Ecosystems“ states „The condition of the forests is indeed historically bad. The data collected are life-threatening for our ocosystem. „Especially the spruces and the beeches are dying rapidly in the lower elevations“. This means that valuable CO2 reservoirs are being lost across the board. 1400 billion tons of CO2 are in the lower atmosphere. If we do not decisively reduce our CO2 emissions immediately, we will have already exceeded the CO2 target in ten years.

That droughts are caused or aggravated by mistakes in land and soil management, especially by the destruction of the soil by monocultures and pesticides, is a long known fact and yet EU subsidies in the billions are paid out for it. What a madness: this is how vicious circles are created, where heat becomes drought, and drought leads to even more heat. Forest fires increase, become bigger and even develop in regions in the far north. Rivers and lakes dry up, deserts appear, as in the case of Lake Montasi in Romania, causing not only the extinction of fish, amphibians, insects and water birds, but the entire flora perishes and the whole area suffers from desert-like weather conditions, because the whole microclimate changes and desertification progresses. Romanian environmental activist Octavian Berceanu says: „Climate change is coming much faster and dramatically more drastic than we thought, pointing to our own agricultural mistakes during the Ceaușescu era, using the example of Lake Potelo. It was drained in order to increase agricultural productivity in the cultivation of large areas. The opposite happened. The mud layer, rich in nutrients, was soon exhausted and the sand of the lake bottom appeared, making the cultivation obsolete. Today, the region has become deserted and hostile to life.

The European Environmental Bureau in Bruxell represents a network of 170 environmental organizations in Europe.  Celia Nyssens of the EEB says, „What makes these droughts so destructive is homemade, because we have created large-scale agricultural monocultures everywhere, which leach the soil and have no microorganisms, because it is the microorganisms that give the soil its water-holding qualities. There are more microorganisms in a handful of healthy soil than there are people in the world. The protozoa, millipedes, fungi, bacteria and algae are responsible for the absorbency of the soil. In Germany, however, more than half of the arable soil is used to grow livestock feed. The problem is our hunger for meat and the associated vicious cycle of deforestation for monocultures, which within five years degenerate into depleted soils and promote desertification. This is not only happening in Germany or Romania, but in many places in Europe, including Spain.

The environmental activist and UN expert David Dean of the organization Earth jurisprudence criticizes the monoculture cultivation in the strongest way and has visited together with the geologist Jose Maria Calafora, professor at the University of Almeria, the source of the Rio de Aguas near the village Gotcha. It hardly supplies water anymore and the whole population of more than 8000 inhabitants has disappeared because they no longer have water to drink or to cultivate their fields. One of the few who remained says that he has to buy drinking water because the little water that still comes out has become too salty and too full of lime and chlorine. When you consider that it takes 17 liters of water just to produce one plastic bottle and that the transport route to the consumer also consumes a lot of energy, you can see how grotesque the situation is. The drying up of the spring is due to the intensive monoculture agriculture in the region.

To the second absurd agrarian subsidyism example: Also in the region of Almeria the „Mar del Plastico“, the plastic sea extends on 350 square kilometers over the country. There, among other things, the tomatoes for half of Europe are planted. A tomato needs about 10 liters of water to ripen, and so the last water reserves are squeezed out of one of the driest regions in Europe so that highly subsidized fruits and vegetables can be exported. To the detriment of the local population, the fauna and flora and the entire ecosystem. This is the key moment that causes desertification, but sometimes also affects the weather and the climate, up to the jet stream over the Atlantic, which weakens and seeks new paths.  Political missteps in Brussels and in the other EU states are causing this catastrophe to simply continue.

35 percent of man-made greenhouse gases could be absorbed by healthy soils, where a good 1000 billion tons of carbon are stored. When these leach out as a result of pesticide use, the eroded soils release an incredible amount more CO2 emissions than has been the case to date. That, too, would have to be prevented. Agriculture must also change radically. Monocultures are poison for our environment. Biodiversity on arable land is indispensable for fauna and flora and ultimately also for human survival. Food must also be increasingly produced and consumed locally again, instead of making endless journeys.

The palm oil industry has cut down more than half of the rainforest (the size of Germany) in the Indonesian provinces of Kalimantan and Sumatra in the last 30 years and is now starting to destroy the virgin forest in Papua New Guinea on a grand scale. The timber industry is happy about this, as are the oligarchy and the military. In the process, small farmers are inevitably expropriated, which is quite legal in Indonesia. The Indonesian parliament also recently passed a law that radically curtails national environmental, labor and social standards and provides for zero environmental impact assessments. Therefore, the progressively worded agreement is another illusory paper tiger that will lead to the worrying destruction of huge rainforest areas in Brazil, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea. With the free trade agreement with Indonesia, Switzerland would legitimize this state of affairs and once again declare the completely insufficient eco-labels as standard.

„Chronology of good intentions“ and decades of failure.

For over 50 years, the challenges facing humanity have been discussed in an endless loop. Besides the „NASA“ scientist James Hendson who warned about the CO2 emission consequences, there was the biologist Paul Ehrlich who warned about the population explosion in 1968. In 1972, the „Club of Rome“ report by Dennis and Donella Meadows on „the limits to growth“ appeared. This was the starting signal for a worldwide network of global thinking and gave a boost to environmental organizations. In 1980, then U.S. President Jimmy Carter took up the issue and initiated the „Global 2000“ study, which showed the foreseeable environmental destruction and shortage of resources. In 1992, representatives of 172 countries met in Rio‘, at the largest UN Conference on Environment and Development to date, and adopted „Agenda 21“. The results were sobering. Only the smog bells disappeared and some countries succeeded in making progress in water protection.

When the third report of the „IPPC“ Climate Council came out in 1997, and what was outlined and documented there, far exceeded all the horror scenarios and the extent of destruction that I had already noticed since 1993! The report should change also my activity lastingly. From then on, I refrained from the many air and long-distance trips and concentrated more on local destinations that could be reached by train and got rid of the automobile. In 1999, I founded the „Tourism & Environment Forum Switzerland“ in Samedan together with Gisela Femppel, an editor of the „Südostschweiz“ and with my professional colleague Heinz Schmid, which was also supported by the famous tourism director of St. Moritz, Hansruedi Danuser. The NGO was domiciled at Samedan airport, as I was living up there in the fantastic Upper Engadine at that time, during the winter of the century and the following two years. In the Engadine high valley, I could also regularly roam on horseback through the forests of the alpine slopes and, for the first time in my life, also ride through the drifting snow and the untouched white splendor. That alone was a highlight. In addition, of course, there was the particularly lush winter splendor in the winter of 1999/2000. On the Bernina Pass there were snow drifts up to 27 meters high in places. When one made the first turns on the Corviglia in the glistening sunlight early in the morning, and thus from ten o’clock onwards made one’s way over to the other side of the valley to Piz Corvatsch, because the swirling powder snow was already getting a little slushy in the sun, and then on the Corvatsch plunged into the depths from 3300 meters almost flying like a bird, the adrenalin rose to undreamt-of heights.

For the „Tourism & Environment Forum Switzerland“, which I founded in Samedan, I also created a web portal that linked scientific facts, environmentally relevant NGO projects, the responsible authorities such as the „Federal Office for the Environment“ (BUWAL), international organizations and critical media reports with sustainable travel offers and tips for environmentally conscious travelers. For three years I served as managing director and president for this environmental organization and set some accents in the Grisons with traveling exhibitions on the topic of „Climate Change in the Alps“ with a „Rail-Expo“ traveling exhibition of the Rhaetian Railway, three rail cars that were stationed in Davos, St. Moritz, Samedan, Pontresina and six other alpine locations in the Grisons and sent out the first warning signals. Members of the „Tourism & Environment Forum“ at that time were the „BUWAL/FLS“, the Swiss National Park, the „Biosphere Reserve Entlebuch“, the „Research Institute for Leisure and Tourism“ of the University of Bern and the „Europa-Institut“ in Basel, but also the newly launched car rental company „Mobility“ and „Toyota“ with the first hybrid vehicle, the „Prius“, along with some transport associations, hotels and media.

Three railroad carriages of the Rhaetian Railway were stationed at the stations of six Graubünden locations for 14 days each. In addition, we organized a live concert to kick off each exhibition. The „Tourism & Environment Forum“ was also present at the annual vacation fairs in Zurich and Berne with presentations and exhibitions. Travel more consciously, experience more, destroy less, was the motto for travelers, in order to bring about the necessary CO2 reduction measures and an energy transition at home, too. I was always able to convince an important hotel group (Sun-Star Hotels) and a large amusement park in Morschach of energetic construction measures and to communicate them as a public relations representative.

So already 30 years ago I established the first long-term institutional „Corporate Social Responsibility“ engagement of my own press agency „GMC Photopress“ in this country! Abroad, I had already been privately and journalistically involved in several wildlife projects and humanitarian missions. At that time, I published numerous environmentally critical publications and commentaries on climate change, such as „A Requiem for the Coral Reef“ in the „Mittelland-Zeitung“ or „In the diver’s paradise Maldives, a time bomb is ticking“. In the commentary I wrote the following: „It is not El-Nino who is to blame. It is the human being who progresses too far. Alarm bells are ringing around the globe. Central America has been devastated and set back decades. The coral world in the equatorial belt is threatened or already largely destroyed, the seas polluted, the animal world here and there wiped out, the Alps built up and spoiled“. In 1997, as a reaction to the IPPC climate report, I addressed climate change in the Alps in the „Südostschweiz“, under the title „Keiner kommt ungeschoren davon – Alpen sind von der Klimaerwärmung besonders hart betroffen“.

In the magazine „Touring“ and in the „Brückenbauer“, both media with million reader public appeared further critical reports of me, which resounded far beyond Switzerland, since I interviewed the „UNEP“ director Klaus Töpfer, the head of the UN environmental organization as well as with Michael Iwand, at that time director environmental management with „TUI“ (tourism union international) and Iwand Widerpart of the „German environmental assistance“ and the nature protection federation and at the ITB the largest tourism trade fair in Berlin intervened to take the topic on the agenda. Prof. Hansruedi Müller of the „Research Institute for Leisure and Tourism“ (FIF) also pleaded for „more heart-liners than hard-liners“. So I addressed this urgent climate appeal more than 30 years ago to the Swiss politicians and population and at the „ITB“ in Berlin to the „world public“ and already stated then: „The drastic trail of devastation left by industrialized man and the (un-) civilized tourist is mostly carried out on the hump of the 3rd world nations and is becoming more and more dramatic.

But we here in the Alps are also particularly affected by climate change. The temperature rise is expected to be much higher than the world average and the glaciers are melting just like the biodiversity. We can no longer stand idly by and watch this happen, I said to myself, and from then on I also gave up a car or a motorcycle and committed myself to the expansion of the rail infrastructure and bicycle paths. Also in my function as president and managing director of the „Tourismus & Umwelt Forum Schweiz“ (Swiss Tourism & Environment Forum) I gave critical speeches about my own travel industry, which was urged to do more for the environment and against the enormous damage caused by air traffic and excessive mass tourism, which won me more enemies than friends. Tourism propagandists were not happy to see the global impact of their business model increasingly criticized. I emphatically challenged the Travel Agents Association to do more than just pay the usual lip service. But what happened was that, in the words of Greta von Thunberg, „When there’s a fire, people often rub up against the fire alarm instead of putting the fire out.“ It is the same with warning climate change activists as it is with whistleblowers. Both groups are punished for their commitment, disavowed, attacked, persecuted and sometimes even murdered.

The Swiss authorities were then, as now, in a state of enforcement emergency everywhere. Whether it is compliance with the Clean Air Ordinance, noise levels for the protection of the population, international agreements on the reduction of CO2 emissions or the fulfillment of declarations of intent and objectives such as the „Agenda 21“, the „Charter of Lanzarote“ or the „Declaration of Crete“, wherever we look, we have to conclude that none of the objectives has been fulfilled even close. „The crux is that while the need for environmentally and socially responsible tourism is undisputed, still not much is happening,“ which I criticized harshly in the presentations and reports at the time as president of the „Tourism & Environment Forum.“

The tour operators, above all the three big ones „Kuoni Reisen“, „Hotelplan“ and „Tui Reisen“ hardly cared about water and energy supply and waste management on site, which led to devastating pollution of the beaches and seas, especially on the Maldives and other islands. An investigation of the „Higher Technical School for Tourism“ (HFT) concluded at that time that the „Declaration of Crete“ remained a dead paper tiger“! And the greenwashing continued unchanged but infla-tionary from then on. We have already reached certain climate tipping points in some places around the world, some scientists agree.

Between 1961 and 1990 alone, temperatures in the Alps had already risen by two degrees Celsius, while the global average had risen by only 0.6 percent. The predictions at the time for the Alpine region ranged up to five degrees more in the next 30 years. Fittingly for the „Kyoto Summit“ in December 1997, „El-Nino“ swirled through the headlines. The warning could not have been clearer enough. As recently as 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit, politicians had vowed to protect the climate system for today and future generations. But the trend was in the opposite direction. Everyone jetted off to London or New York for a few days of shopping, to Ibiza for „raves,“ etc., and to Milan to buy a pair of shoes. Suddenly a plane ticket to London cost less than a train ride from Zurich to Bern or Geneva. A catastrophic turn of events that still does not bode well. Air traffic would finally have to be taxed internationally.

True, 2020 saw a revival of the „Paris Coalition of High Ambition“ at the first virtual United Nations climate change summit, where 75 nations committed to the goal of „net zero emissions.“ Most nations are aiming for the goal by 2050. So far, however, only 75 of 197 nations have submitted new or increased climate targets. But only the UK and the EU have substantially increased their targets. For all other states, ambition is low. Far too low, in fact, for the goals of the Paris climate agreement ever to be achieved. As a result, the „Coalition for Carbon Neutrality“ proclaimed by UN Secretary-General Antonio Gutierrez has a good 65 percent of the world’s CO2 emissions at its disposal, which could still rise if the financial pledges for the green climate fund of 100 billion Swiss francs per year are advanced. The key instrument is the carbon price, which is also recognized by the EU and is to rise steadily until 2030. In 2015, William Nordhaus, winner of the Nobel Prize for Economics, proposed the creation of a climate club, which would draw mutual benefit from the sharing of climate protection and exclude free riders, because this is the only way to get out of the „prisoner’s dilemma“.

Switzerland has clearly missed its climate target for 2020 and also 2021, as in previous years and in every area, buildings, industry, agriculture and especially transport. Compared to 1990, Switzerland should have reduced by 20 percent. By 2019, we had managed just 14 percent. „To stabilize global warming at 1.5 degrees, climate gases must be reduced by at least 50 percent readyis 2030,“ says ETH professor Sonja Seneviratne, an author of several reports for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. „We can’t just keep living as we are and hope that miracle technology will save us one day“ says Seneviratne. „If we continue as we are, our entire CO2 budget will be completely depleted.“ The decrease, he says, must therefore be very drastic over the next decade, and rich Switzerland, with its large footprint, must finally lead the way.

For UN Secretary-General Guttierez reminds us that the world is still on track for a global temperature rise of more than three degrees, which would amount to a catastrophe. In other words. We are still traveling at 180 kmh in terms of fossil fuel consumption. A reduction in speed is needed. The Corona pandemic in particular has shown what is possible and can be mobilized in extraordinary situations. Patient Earth is lying in the intensive care unit, gasping for breath. It is high time to act and implement drastic measures. But as was unfortunately to be expected, the climate summit in Glasgow has also turned into a debacle. The exit from the coal and oil age was again postponed to a point of no return in the future.

Butterfly effect: Hedge funds are the drivers of wars and climate change

Let’s be aware, financial markets are at the center of the neoliberal economy, they determine the prices of commodities and food worldwide and they dictate events around the globe. Hedge funds are the bane of food, water and commodity capitalism at its purest. Let’s take a closer look: In 2008, food and commodity prices rose sharply even though the world was in recession after the financial crisis. This shows that prices rose due to speculation and not due to increased demand. What started as the flap of a butterfly’s wings on Wall Street in 2010 went on to cause riots, wars and global refugee crises. The flapping of wings was triggered by then President Bill Clinton and National Bank President Alan Greenspan with the Commodity Modernization Act, i.e. the liberalization of markets that had been strictly regulated since the 1930s and limited the number of speculators. But from now on, anyone could speculate in commodities and food without limits. As a result, the financial markets licked blood and Wall Street and the hedge funds dictate the events in the most evil way.

In the same year, Russia saw over 30 percent less wheat crop due to climate change and drought. Wall-street speculated on a shortage of supply and drove up the price of wheat by 50 percent, which led to the Arab Spring in Tunisia and Egypt because Egypt imported nearly 80 percent of its wheat from Russia. A rapid rise in food prices and a small increase in oil prices inevitably leads to conflicts and warlike confrontations, scientists and mathematicians also noted. Thus, in 2011, the wars in Libya after the fall of Gaddhafi as well as in the Iraq war, both leading oil exporting states, degenerated, fueled further conflicts in the region and triggered a conflagration that engulfed the entire Orient. So, too, did the unending war in Syria. This was triggered in turn by hedge funds and speculators on Wall Street and in London. They drove up the oil price massively because they were speculating on export losses. The butterfly’s wings have fluttered here, too, and so the deregulated markets have become an engine of chaos.

This speculation and the developments in the oil states also had even more far-reaching consequences. Due to the enormous rise in the price of petrodollars, Russia and Saudi Arabia, but also Venezuela, came to immense wealth and increased their military budgets and police forces either to suppress revolts at home or for further offensives. Russia in Syria, in Ukraine, and most recently in Crimea. In the case of Saudi Arabia, war came to a head in Yemen and in many other regions in the conflict between Shiites and Sunnis, meanwhile Iran, infiltrated the Middle East in its own way and pumped it full of its crude ideologies, weapons and fighters. The rise in oil prices was also the beginning of doom for Venezuela, which perished from the resource curse. Here, too, the speculators were ultimately the trigger and responsible for the flow of refugees from Latin America to the United States and from Africa and the Orient to Europe.

In Great Britain and under the influence of the neoliberal media mogul Rupert Murdoch to the Brexit and to the right-wing radical governments in Poland, Hungary and Italy, thus also the rise of the neo-Nazis and fascists in Germany. After the boom comes the slump, after the boom comes the crash, that much economics every child has already learned in the 3rd grade. The consequences are again devastating. In Venezuela there is an apocalyptic famine, the same in Cuba, in Kenya and in the entire sub-Saharan belt, where devastating droughts lead to civil wars and in the Orient, the navel of the despots leads to disastrous economic course and catastrophic human rights situations. The completely unleashed commodity and financial market is like the plague, because thanks to algorithms and herd mentality, as well as in a cynical way, it always bets against the prosperity of fragile economies With the Covid crisis it became abundantly clear that the markets are placed above the well-being of the people and a system was created that knows no compassion for the people, but only winners and losers. Today, every detergent and every food must declare every component and the proportion of all components, whereas in artificial intelligence, where a machine makes the decisions about our being or not being, no declaration and regulation is needed. It does not get more absurd than this. This topic will be discussed in more detail in the last chapter. 

A good 500 companies with well over 10,000 employees work in the commodities industry in Switzerland, which had its first notorious protagonist in March Rich, who made it to sad or dubious fame when he first hit the headlines in the 1970s. The Belgian-born US citizen ensured that commodities trading in Switzerland became significant. His unscrupulous oil deals with South Africa and Iran, bypassing international sanctions, helped the „father of the Swiss success model“ to immense wealth and put him on the list of the most wanted criminals in the USA, until Bill Clinton pardoned him in 2001. We recall that Bill Clinton and Alan Greenspan also pushed for the liberalization of food markets, triggering the hedge fund scourge. Back to Switzerland. Here Christoph Blocher and Martin Ebner were among the most ruthless liberalizers in the 1990s. We know from „Bloomberg“ journalists Javier Blas and Jack Farchy that Ebner was among the saviors of Marc Rich’s empire, and today’s „Glencore“ Ivan Glasberg boss also earned his spurs in Johannesburg, South Africa, and learned a lot from his master in illegal oil deals and sanctions evasion, even if he worked in the coal department. Low taxes, a central location in Europe, a stable Swiss franc and access to the international financial system, and weak regulation have provided fertile ground in Switzerland in recent decades for companies exploiting resources around the world. From „Glencore’s“ environment emerged other successful commodity traders such as „Vitol,“ which helped the island nation of Cuba get oil in return for sugar at favorable prices when Cuba defaulted in the 1990s.

It was rumored that „Vitol“ financed and operated a luxury hotel in Cuba and that the then like „Vitol“ boss Ian Taylor occasionally met with Fidel Castro for a cigar smoke and Cuba libre. Then, in the 1990s, the former Soviet republics joined the new commodity Eldorados. Swiss commodity traders control nearly 80 percent of global trade and operate unscrupulously. The „Gunvor“ case in the Congo, the machinations of „Credit Suisse“ in Mozambique and the money laundering affair in Bulgaria exemplify the tip of the corruption iceberg. Although the Federal Council confirmed in a report „the great risk of corruption“, it did nothing further to strengthen banking supervision in order to curb money laundering. Commodity traders „Glencore,“ „Trafigura,“ „Vitol,“ „Mercuria“ and „Gunvor“ received a total of $363.8 billion in loans from 2013 to 2019, according to research by Public Eye. „Public Eye“ also investigated the high-risk financial instruments and practices of commodity traders, which now function as banks themselves, but largely evade financial control and banking and financial supervision „finma“. „Gunvor“ paid a 164 million fine in the U.S. for misconduct in Brazil, Ecuador and Mexico. It is shocking that large corporations, banks and the super-rich can always buy their way out with ridiculous fines, while others go to jail for much lesser crimes. There are enough examples in Switzerland as well.

Only in November 2020, the Federal Council presented the consultation on the „Sustainable Development Strategy“ (SDS), and it is once again an indictment of „clean“ Switzerland. The record of showcase Switzerland looks even worse when the economic factors of the largest off-shore financial center are taken into account. At the end of 2019, Swiss banks managed a quarter of the world’s assets. A whopping 3742.7 billion Swiss francs. But the immense assets are hardly invested in sustainable projects. On the contrary. The gold mine and tax haven Switzerland favors and protects hundreds of potent headquarters of multinational commodity corporations and contributes massively to the outflow of private wealth from developing countries and thus to the global redistribution from the bottom to the top. The exploitation and greed knows no limits, not even in times of Covid-19. On the contrary, it favors the global techno-giants and super-rich. And this big shadow falls back on Switzerland. No matter how white we wash the image and how beautifully we talk ourselves into it or preach it to others!

Switzerland shines in many statistics such as gold and money wealth, happiness, patents, receiving but the reality is quite different. Beside the 810’000 millionaires and some billionaires there are in the small Switzerland over 300’000 families, which cannot pay their health insurance premium, 240’000 persons, who were operated for their tax debts and over 400’000 humans, who live under the poverty line. Social expenditures at the federal, cantonal and municipal levels have tripled in the last 15 years. In addition, one percent keeps half of the total wealth for itself. What does that mean? It means that companies in a free market economy would have to offer jobs with living wages and would have to show value creation for the community beyond coperate governance instead of dividends for rich shareholders.

The „finma“, the Swiss financial market supervisory authority, is a sleepyhead and appeasement authority par excellence. Whistleblowers are a different matter. They are persecuted and treated like war criminals. It seems to be good manners in Switzerland that rich people and financial institutions do not have to abide by any rules and are not imprisoned for their crimes. „Cow-trading is a tradition in Switzerland,“ some unctuous politician might say. But the same thing is happening in Germany, too, if you look at the German automakers‘ emissions scandal. So far, none of the glorious car managers has been personally fined and prosecuted for this, and in Switzerland, the bruised buyers of stinky cars are still waiting for compensation or retrofitting. The Swiss banks have learned nothing and still help corrupt politicians and kleptocrats to hide their illegally stolen state money, as the Pandora Papers show. Every single banker involved in this should finally be held accountable.

Capitalism and globalization critic Jean Ziegler, Geneva SP National Councillor and UN Special Rapporteur from 2000 to 2008 said: „For neoliberalism, egoism is the engine. For anti-capitalists and social people, man is animated by the desire for solidarity, reciprocity and complementarity.“ „The oligarchy of global finance capital, flanked by Foreign Minister Ignazio Cassis, wants to silence NGOs,“ Ziegler says.  It is the NGOs‘ job to fight against the fiscal bleeding of development aid and impunity for corporations and the super-rich, he said. „The fact that Switzerland spreads the red carpet and offers shelter to mafiosi, dictators and corrupt elites is scandalous,“ adds the former UN Special Rapporteur. Two billion people already lack access to clean drinking water. 62 UN states practice torture. „We are aware that we do not want and do not accept this canibalistic world order,“ concludes Ziegler on appeal.

Without a radical paradigm shift, we are digging our own grave

The fact is that since the 1970s, the world’s population has more than doubled and consumption has increased more than tenfold worldwide, with Switzerland leading the way in consumption. Hyper-globalization has long since reached its zenith and has squandered much political, humanitarian and social capital. At the latest since the outbreak of the Corona pandemic, we have been reminded how fragile our economically rationalized and digitalized society has become – and how quickly everything can change. Just as the bark beetle causes entire forests to die, an invisible effect has been showing its impact around the globe for the past two years. Whether we have learned anything more from this about how to shape our future and how to approach it without further delays remains to be seen. It seems, however, that we continue to remain in the endless loop for too long and that substantial measures to tackle the root of the problem are still being postponed. The „Great Reset“ as Klaus Schwab formulated it at the „WEF“ has failed to materialize. Many still cannot even find a small switch to put an end to the poisoning of our soils, atmosphere, biosphere and the universe.

The policy still operates a Pflästerli strategy. It is evident that „scientific findings and the acute global threat posed by climate change are not capable of helping society to become more human. Egoism and turbo-capitalism are unfortunately still the engine of society. Such a transformation requires a lot of self-reflection, responsibility and solidarity. All this has gone out of fashion. The shouting and screaming on the (a)social media and in the filter bubbles overhear every nuance of the debate and suppress any real dialogue, any approach of solidarity as well as the ability to „see beyond one’s own horizon“. Seen in this light, the Swiss are narrow-minded, as they have always remained. This is also evident in the high percentage of Covid vaccination opponents. Even though I understand some of the fears and put basic rights and freedom above everything, I wonder what brainwashing has influenced this group and how it came about. More about this in the last chapter.

It is very regrettable, but not surprising, that the Swiss population in 2021 rejected the drinking water initiative, the pesticide initiative and the CO2 initiative at the ballot box and that the corporate responsibility initiative failed because of the majority of the cantons. This means that Switzerland no longer has a plan or a strategy for getting a grip on CO2 reduction. We are far from being considered a model student. So we can continue to spray for all we’re worth, which makes the farmers happy. Even nature-oriented farmers and organic farmers have opposed this. Pointing the finger at others is simply no longer an option, we have to pull our own hair out first.Well, the Covid-19 crisis has dampened the appetite for new restrictions and new innovations. But the Swiss economy as a whole got off lightly, except for certain circles, such as tourism, gastronomy and event industry, but even they were mostly well compensated in this country by the short-time unemployment benefits and agriculture continues to be subsidized.

Therefore, it is only right that the climate movement and the climate youth overtake or outflank the Greens on the left and demand a much faster and more consistent approach. Covid-19 is costing us trillions, if we add a few trillions for the transformation of the economy, we would have gained enormously. We absolutely must avoid further pandemics, that alone would make any climate investment worthwhile. It is in the hands of each of us to contribute to this, but it is no longer possible without drastic steps on an unprecedented scale. Long-established ways of life will have to change dramatically. So we have to start with a drastic reduction of deforestation, especially in tropical countries, because it turns out that the so-called spillover is responsible for it. This is what biologists call the process by which pathogens jump from (wild) animals to humans. Spillover gives rise to zoo-noses, i.e. diseases of animal origin. According to a study by British zoologist Kate Jones, a total of 335 new infections emerged between 1940 and 2004, 60 percent of which were of animal origin. These included the influenza A virus, the avian influenza virus H5N1, the Napah virus and probably also Sars and Covid-19. One of the best-known scientists working on zoonoses is Serge Morand, an evolutionary biologist and parasite researcher living in Thailand. Zoonoses are also caused by livestock farming, which has been shown to lead to deforestation, despite the use of antibiotics. Environmental degradation, animal diseases and epidemics are thus closely related to ecology, veterinary and human medicine.

But each of us can do a lot by reducing meat consumption, avoiding food waste, buying local, seasonal products, avoiding constantly new clothes and smart phones, using the OV instead of the car and limiting air travel to the bare minimum. Many more buildings would have to be converted to renewable energies, heating would have to be reduced and self-produced energy would have to be fed into the grid at reasonable prices. Electric stations for e-cars and e-bikes would have to be massively expanded. We must also make much better use of solar and wind energy, water protection must be applied consistently, all subsidies for fossil energy production must be discontinued, and a high fuel tax must be introduced across the board in air travel, thus significantly reducing air traffic. In the business world, carbon footprint accounting in companies and tax incentives for reduction should be introduced. In (re)construction, promote sustainable building techniques. Meadows instead of green spaces, avoid soil sealing and in forestry, cultivate mixed-age and mixed-species forests.

Furthermore, the state should create more incentives for meaningful tasks in social, educational, health care, but also in nature and environmental protection. With climate change, there would be plenty of tasks. And instead of the state paying more and more social welfare money, these human resources should be used for the climate-neutral restructuring of our society, from all age and education groups, cultural and language areas. De facto, only a few workers over 50 years of age find a job again. So why shouldn’t they be used for social tasks and nature and environmental protection projects according to their qualifications and be de-compensated accordingly. We must establish a permanent Spitex for nature. Let’s move on to the individual areas and a few suggestions:

Construction industry/ Cement industry/Building refurbishment

The cement industry is one of the biggest CO2 emitters after the oil and coal industries. However, there have long been alternative, more sustainable building materials that could be used in many places. There is a lot of potential in the construction or renovation of buildings. First of all, there is a well-insulated building envelope, which can also be done with hemp bricks and hemp fleece. With a tight building envelope, the insulation reduces energy consumption in winter. However, energy-saving houses need good ventilation of the rooms. Gas and oil heating systems are obsolete and should be equipped with geothermal probes and heat pumps, especially if solar panels are installed on the roof or on the building, so that the electricity for the heat pump and hot water comes from the sun. With a photovoltaic system, you can make a house self-sufficient in electricity and cover between 60 to 80 percent of the demand. With LED lighting, energy-efficient household appliances and a charging station for e-cars, they are well positioned to save significant operating costs in the future. In Switzerland, pension funds and large real estate companies have a duty to implement this goal quickly.

Nutrition:

The core problem we all face is that 80 million people are added every year, and those just born now theoretically have a higher life expectancy even in developing countries. By the end of the century, there will be eleven billion of us, so we will need even more living space and even more agriculture for food production. By totally transforming the earth’s surface for agriculture and feeding future generations, we are destroying the treasure troves of biodiversity for all eternity. It cannot be that we destroy alone with the animal husbandry for the meat and milk production whole species existence and important ecological systems irretrievably. A vegan diet is therefore becoming the overriding credo for the world’s growing population. For example in the consumption behavior: less meat and milk consumption up to the vegan nutrition, less plastic packing, smaller transport and work ways, in the agriculture the use of pesticides and herbicides must be drastically reduced and incentives for the ecological cultivation be created. Each of us has it in the hand with vegan nutrition and Food Waste Abhilfe a large contribution to make. If one then also consciously buys local and seasonal fruits and vegetables,

Mobility:

Car: Mobility in Switzerland consumes one third of the total CO2 consumption. This is due to the mania and the love for SUVs, i.e. for the „Extremely Environmentally Harmful Vehicles“. No country in the world drives more monster cars and mostly with only one person in the vehicle. Sorry dear car lovers and PS-Protzerer, more stupidly it does not go! Therefore, there is only one solution: gasoline and diesel would have to be taxed considerably higher for the time being and banned until 2030, so that the switch to e-cars is quickly made more attractive. Public parking spaces should be gradually decimated in metropolitan areas and quickly disappear. Instead, more e-bikes, e-cars terminals should be provided on the peripheries and mainly public transport should be expanded in the cities with the help of more e-mobility. Mind you, a trip of 100 kilometers destroys 300 kg of glacial ice. The worst of the unreasonableness is two or three kilometer trips for daycare centers and shopping.

Rail: Rail transport must be made considerably cheaper, at least in Switzerland. One example is Austria, which has introduced an affordable price for an annual season ticket. You can travel around the country for a whole year for the price of a half-fare card. This will certainly give a strong impetus to the trend reversal in public transport. The SBB is lagging behind.

Air traffic: One European flight causes around 5190 kilograms of glacier melt in the Alps. And that thousands of times every day. A CO2 tax would have to be levied on all flights worldwide, including transport flights, so that the industry would also change its technology here and the fun frequent flyers would be put in their place or make an adequate contribution.

Shipping: Freight shipping gobbles up huge amounts of diesel. The more we promote and buy local products, the less has to be transported and distributed far away. Shipping also needs to look at new fuels, sails, and wind turbines, and move full speed ahead toward the energy transition.

Financial industry and oligarchs: No one on earth needs billions, that much is crystal clear. Why not put a cap on the super-rich worldwide and, for example, confiscate and redistribute every dollar over 50 million in assets. The funds needed for climate change should be collected from the super-rich. The commodity companies and tech giants would have to do their part as well as the crypto miners and Big Data miners.

War economy/arms industry: In my opinion, all states should get their act together and introduce a war material moratorium for five or ten years and the saved funds should be spent on climate protection and CO2 reduction. Because mankind is currently fighting a global battle to save our planet, which it seems to be losing. In order to survive this war against our demise, we do not need weapons, tanks, submarines and airplanes. All of which would be of no use to us if we die as a result of hunger, thirst, devastation and distribution struggles. No one comes out of this story unscathed.

Consumer goods industry: Today, many cheap products are designed in such a way that they have to be replaced soon after the warranty period has expired, either because they cannot be repaired (due to a lack of spare parts or due to their design) or because they were designed and manufactured from the outset for a short life. If you look at the quality of components, machines, clothes, etc. that were built in the past, some of which were passed down through the generations, then we all know how things could be better. The products would have to be manufactured in such a way that they can be used for at least ten or twenty years.

Consumers: We underestimate our role and influence, even if one individual can supposedly make little difference. If we want to make a difference, we could ………………………………….

Agriculture: I have already mentioned it, and it is clear to all of us that we can no longer continue to poison the soil and water to an even greater extent. If the consumers send a clear signal and the politicians cancel the subsidies for livestock farming and intensive monoculture agriculture, we will also get going here and help the farmers who practice organic farming with the cancelled subsidies of the poisoners and pesticide polluters. As in Holland, huge cultivation buildings could be built in the agglomeration around the cities, where fruits and vegetables could grow much more efficiently and economically, be harvested more easily and automatically, and be available to the local market.

Plastic packaging: 53 kilograms of single-use plastic per capita and year end up in waste, in the water or elsewhere in the environment in Switzerland. This makes Switzerland one of the largest consumers after Singapore (76 kg), Australia (59 kg), Oman (56 kg) and on par with Belgium, the Netherlands and Hong Kong. By 2040, 1.3 billion tons of plastic will pollute the environment and waterways worldwide. Of course, the packaging industry would have to use new packaging materials, but it is also up to the consumer how and what they buy.

Urban planning/self-sufficiency/social issues: In view of the rapid loss of biodiversity and the desolation of cities, I have been asking myself for a long time why all the useless lawns in front of all rental and residential buildings are not converted into gardens for inclined hobby gardeners and self-supporters among the residents, and especially the poorer people and those with a migration background and agricultural know-how could partially grow their food in front of the house. This would also counteract poverty a little and guarantee the survival of many families as well as be meaningful. Why should we all import food from Africa, China and Latin America, when we could beautify our cities, increase biodiversity and counteract climate change with local cultivation. As soon as a blade of grass makes itself felt, the lawn robot is already there. Useless Thuya hedges as far as the eye can see. Most people don’t know what to do with nature anymore. We should think about what our communities actually do with their communal areas. They create large cultivation structures instead of promoting small-scale, local cultivation. That needs to change. We need to push for greening and solarization of our cities, use less parking, more green transportation and trails, and create green spaces everywhere including on the roofs of homes and industrial facilities, promote biodiversified, local fruit and vegetable growing, or add solar panels to rooftops and highways. Buildings could also be vertically greened, as Singapore and other cities have long exemplified.

Textile industry: It is one of the dirtiest industries after the fossil raw materials industry. There is only one way forward here, dear ladies. Renunciation and more renunciation, fewer clothes, but better quality ones. The fashion madness must come to an end. There is not much more to say here.

Wind energy: Scotland and Norway are leading the way. The Scots already have zero emissions because they have installed so many wind farms that they can export green electricity. Many communities finance these plants themselves with their residents and thus become not only independent of the power supply but also green electricity suppliers. Wind energy has also become a driver of green energy in Norway. Moreover, the country apparently offers ideal conditions to inject and store CO2 deep underground in wooden spaces. Co2 can be liquefied and thus pumped deep into the earth’s layers. In Switzerland, wind energy ekes out a shadowy existence. But wind turbines could be erected here and in many other parts of the world. Here on the lakes, in the alpine valleys where the foehn blows constantly, on alpine ridges and also on the roofs of industrial plants. In any case, there is still a lot of room for improvement in wind energy.

Climate-neutral utopias?

In America, the land of unlimited possibilities, two highway lanes on the opposite side of each entrance and exit could be converted into railroad tracks and the car lanes could be covered with solar cells, so that the power supply for the electrification of traffic could also be ensured at the same time. Of course, there would also be charging stations for e-cars and e-bikes at the train stations on the highways for local transportation. The Japanese or the Chinese or even Stadler Rail could help the Yanks upgrade their infrastructure in terms of rail technology. The fracking wells would disappear and wind turbines would take their place.

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8. Wellbeing and Healing with Ayurveda and Cannabis

Ayurveda treatment: In the realm of loving hands

No other medical system in the world has such a universal, profound and holistic cleansing system as the ancient Ayurvedic Pancha-Karma cure. Where stressed Westerners become healthy again, filled with Eastern wisdom and meditative peace, and which are the best Ayurvedic hot springs in Sri Lanka and India, I would like to share here based on my travels and reports for renowned health magazines.

Slowly the warm herbal sesame oil runs in a fine stream over the forehead during the Shirodhara treatment. Back and forth, evenly and soothingly. For a good 20 minutes. Everyday thoughts dissolve and make room for a soothing emptiness. Attention turns inward. Deep relaxation spreads through my body. The mirror to the soul opens. Even old memories emerge from the depths. Although the oily Ayurvedic massages make you feel like an oil sardine, you soon get used to them and enjoy the soothing touches. An extremely relaxing experience is the synchronous massage, called Abhayanga, also known as the loving hands massage. This describes the sensation during the massage very well, because being massaged synchronously by four hands is more beautiful than any caress. The gentle hand movements massage the herbal oil into the skin so that it can reach the lower layers of the tissues and involve the blood and nervous systems, isolating and subsequently eliminating the toxins and waste products.

What was developed thousands of years ago in northern India is a holistic natural system that considers body, mind and spirit as one. The Ayurvedic philosophy assumes that all matter, including human beings, can be traced back to the five elements: earth, air, water, fire and space. From this connection three basic constitutions are formed, the so-called Doshas, which are understood as essential bio-energies.  The elements air and space form the Vata-Dosha and stand for the life principle movement. It controls the movement processes in the body, breathing and the nervous system. The second dosha is called pitta and is dominated by the element fire. Pitta energy is responsible for all reactions, i.e. digestive and metabolic processes. The elements earth and water influence the third dosha, the so-called kapha. Their energy is structuring, form-giving and responsible for the cell and skeleton structure as well as for the characteristic features. Only when the doshas are in balance, body and soul are healthy.

The Ayurveda cure usually begins with a pulse diagnosis by the doctor. Dr. Rupawathie Waidyawasana from the „Lotus Villa“ in Sri Lanka gently presses her fingers into my forearm above the base of my thumb. But she not only measures the pulse beat, she determines „whether it throbs strongly, glides through the body like waves, hops like a frog or trots along like an elephant“. Thus, the harmony of the three doshas, vatta, pitta and kapha, and the susceptibility to disease are determined. Dr. Buddhike of the „Paragon“ also amazes me: at once he detects three weakened organs with the pulse diagnosis. During colonization, Ayurvedic doctors were prohibited from practicing their profession. As a result, a lot of knowledge was lost, says Dr. Jayawardhana of the „Institut Indigenious Medicin“ at the university in Colombo. And then came the influence of Western medicine, which displaced traditional medicine, adds Dr. Kamal Sersinghe, a lecturer at the university in Colmobo.

Ayurveda assumes that there is everything in nature that is needed to make and keep people healthy. Thus, plants, minerals, ashes, salts, barks, woods, roots and few animal products are cooked, powdered and processed into pills creams and oils. The delicate yellow sesame oil is mixed by the Ayrveda doctor with other natural ingredients that he or she specifically adjusts to the dosha type. The oil can thus have an optimal effect on the individual constitution of each person. „The oils and the right massage technique combined together, this is how the doshas are harmonized, philosophizes Dr. Wasanta Sumana of the Beliata Ayurveda Hospital in Hambatota, Sri Lanka.

My research on Ayurveda medicine was first done in Sri Lanka in the following resorts (before the tsunami): „Aida“ in Bentota, „Lanka Princess“ in Beruwela, „Lawrence Hill“ in Hikkaduwa, „Lotus Villa“ in Ahungatta, „Paragon“ in Unawatuna, „Surya Lanka“ in Talpe and „Vattersgarden“ in …..

How to recognize a good Ayurveda resort? For evaluation you can ask yourself the following questions: Do they accept guests outside the tourist season? Has Ayurveda been practiced for many years? Is treatment individualized or standardized?  Is there a midestay of at least 18 days for a Pancha Karma treatment?  Does the doctor have a university or college degree? Does the <drinking water supply meet the required drinking water quality? Are the meals and medicine prepared individually? Is there a general ban on smoking. If you have clarified these questions for yourself, you have already come a long way, also as a spiritual preparation for the cure.

Ayurveda: The three Dosha types and their characteristics

The doshas shape the characteristics and functions of a person’s physical and mental abilities. Here, in a simplified way, are the three most important types out of a total of ten differentiations.

Vata type: strong-willed, responsible, enterprising, courageous, emotional, motivated, creative, flexible, spontaneous, freshness, joy, happiness. Negative: anxiety, fear, nervousness and jumpy.

Vata – kinetic principle – breathing, & movement (joints and muscles) responsible for stimulating Agni (digestive fire), for elimination, sensory perception and speech.

Organs: Large intestine, lumbar and sacral regions, thighs, bones and sensory organs.

Qualíty: Provides cellular fluid, shapes physique/structure, makes joints supple, moisturizes skin, strengthens immune defenses and is responsible for internal development.

Y/T time: life phase from 46 – 80 years, months: November to February, times of day: 2 to 6 o’clock and from 2 to 6 o’clock.

Tip: ensure a lot of inner and outer peace, avoid cold and prefer warm food.

Pitta type: fiery, courageous, truth-loving, promoting understanding, dialogue and intelligence. Negative: anger, hatred, criticism, jealousy,

Pitta – thermal principle – (body temperature) it regulates metabolism, digestion, energy, heat and skin coloration. Responsible for hunger, thirst intelligence and bravery,

organs: navel, stomach, large and small intestine, sweat, blood, vision and external activity.

Qualítät: regulates the body nature, enzymes, amino acids and controls biochemical processes.

Y/T period: phase of life 17- 45 years. MOante: July to October. Daytime hours: 10 am to 1 pm and 10 pm to 2 am.

Problems: Fever, inflammation, eye irritation, bleeding gums, moles, freckles, tendency to sweat, acidity of the stomach, skin problems, ulcers, sensitive teeth, premature graying, Pitta types are often workaholics.

Tip: Eat something immediately when hungry

Kapha type: slow comprehension, good long-term memory, makes decisions thoughtfully, hard to get upset, comfortable, content person, has stamina, Negative: greed, envy, cling to material things and immovable states.

Kapha – hydro principle (synthesis and union) responsible for lubricating the joints and for oiling and greasing the tissues and skin (metabolism), potency and stability

Organs: chest, throat, head, joints, stomach, tongue,

Qualíty: regulates breathing, heartbeat, nervous system, blinking of the eyes and the movement of the olasma

Y/T period: life phase o to 16 years. Months: March to June. Daytime hours: 6 to 10 a.m. and 6 to 10 p.m.

Problems: Coughs, colds, benbulism, phlegm, depression, desire to eat, weight gain, lethargy, high blood pressure, heart attack, diabetes, water in the tissues.

What is good for the three Dosha types?

Vata type: Warm, heavy and oily foods that taste sweet, sour and salty are good. So cucumbers, carrots, sweet potatoes, cabbage, squash, radishes, asparagus, apricots, avocados, bananas, berries, honeydew melons, churches, oats, wheat, rice, nuts, poultry, meat, fish and boiled eggs. Cold, dry and light foods and cold drinks are to be avoided.

Pitta -type: Good are cold foods, foods and drinks that taste sweet or bitter, such as cauliflower, brocolli, peas, green beans, cucumbers, potatoes, squash, Brussels sprouts, mushrooms, apples, avocado, dried fruits, figs, cherries, mangoes, oranges, plums, legumes, dill, fennel, cardamom, corriander, mint, cinnamon. Hot, spicy, salty or acidic foods should be avoided.

Kapha type: light, dry and warm foods that are spicy or bitter tasting are good. Eggplant, cauliflower, brocolli, carrots, cabbage, asparagus, peppers, mushrooms, salads, apple, apricots, berries, cherries, raisins, dried fruits, all grains except oats, all legumes except white beans, garlic, honey, buttermilk, cottage cheese, madel, fish, game, shellfish, eggs, sunflower oil. Avoid heavy, oily, and clammy foods, as well as everything that is sweet, sour, and salty.

CANABIS

Let’s take another spiritual journey from the advanced civilizations of indigenous peoples to today’s lowlands, trials and tribulations of drug use, delving into the international and state repression machine in dealing with psychoactive substances and focusing on the local drug policy, which mainly protects and supports the pharmaceutical industry, but has little to do with prevention and public health. For while the globally acceptable drug alcohol, causes far more health damage and deaths, the hemp plant and THC consumption are still stigmatized and are banned in Northern Europe, i.e. in Germany, France, Great Britain and Switzerland. Spain and Portugal, as well as Czechoslovakia, have relaxed the laws and allowed consumption on a limited basis in so-called social clubs. In addition to the USA and Canada, which have long since legalized the drug, Mexico is now following suit.

In Switzerland, a 5-year pilot project trial phase will start in 2022, making it clear that it could take another 10 years in this country for the policy to change. The hemp plant and its substrates the cannabinoids and terpenes are condemned against better knowledge for nearly 50 years as a devil drug, condemned and criminalized, thereby donates the ancient culture and cult plant worldwide for thousands of years valuable healing and food. Thus, the hemp oil is very rich in unsaturated omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids and only in the optimal ratio. The applications in medicine are incredibly wide-ranging. Cosmetics have also rediscovered the healing properties of hemp, and in France some winegrowers are beginning to enrich their wine with hemp. By the way, this was already done by the Romans. They knew about the potentized effect of alcohol and cannabis. And the indigenous high cultures in Latin America, above all Teotihuatlan, were the strongholds of experimental drug highs. Anyone who wanted to belong to the elite had to undergo a week-long drug hell trip in the dark temples. The cocktail consisted not only of cannabis but mainly of psychoactive mushrooms and cacti such as Don Pedro and mescaline.

Once we appreciated the intoxicating and horizon-expanding aspects of the THC substance in our youth in the 60’s and 80’s, as we grew older and gained new knowledge, other valuable medicinal effects were added, such as mental and physical relaxation, a good night’s sleep and ability to fall asleep, more intense and creative sex, improved skin texture, and veritable health aids for many diseases, as we will see in a moment. Mary Jane has often been blamed as a gateway drug to harder substances, ignoring the fact that alcohol use is the first and most important step toward all other drugs, and conversely, drug addiction is not to be disparaged. Today, the mix of alcohol, designer drugs and stimulant medications is particularly sought after and dangerous. Synthetic Spice products can also be deadly. A consequence of Nixon’s misguided, globally repressive and very mendacious, racially and politically motivated drug policy and thus originated in America. Under President Nixon it was claimed „cannabis turns people“ into animals. The target of the discriminatory campaign of the „War on Drugs“ were the blacks and the white opponents of the war. And in Switzerland posters were hung with the slogan „Hasch macht doof“. Here, too, the hippies, the freaks, and the „moved“ were meant.

In the 90s, first Zurich, then the whole of Switzerland became a hemp Mecca with the legendary hemp pellets and scented sachets or bath additives containing THC-containing weed and hashish. Even ping pong balls filled with MariJane with holes in them were available. At the time, weed was legal as such, as long as it was not explicitly used for „drug abuse,“ i.e., trafficking and distribution of the flowers. There were lax regulations for the production of fragrances or for brewing hemp flower beer, which also did not depend on THC content. So tons of outdoor cannabis was legally and inexpensively traded on a large scale like in the witch’s cauldron or in video stores, clothing boutiques, drug stores and other shops. This only changed when Switzerland wanted to join the UN, which insisted that Switzerland recognize the Single Convention Act of 1961. In addition, neighboring countries Germany and France put pressure on Switzerland to roll back liberalization, which the Federal Council proposed to parliament in 2002 and which was approved by both chambers the following year, because drug tourism was a thorn in their side. With the reform of the BetmG, the status similar to the EU was adopted, with the exception that in our country the tolerance limit for commercial hemp is somewhat higher and CBD has been legalized since 2016. The only problem is that you can badly half legalize a plant and still criminalize it. That is why the current article for the five-year pilot projects in the four cities (Basel, Bern, Geneva and Zurich) with 5000 people per city is also called „experimental article“. But the conditions are somewhat abstruse. It is equally frustrating to get an exemption permit for dronabinol (synthetic THC) under certain medical criteria, but it is not covered by health insurance. Instead of promoting the area-wide, sustainable, ecological and landscape-protecting outdoor cultivation, which could be used for medicine, cosmetics, food, building materials, textiles, etc. and could also be used as avalanche protection and for CO-2 reduction, which would offer mountain farmers an economic organic basis, the focus continues to be on indoor cultivation and the one-sided synthesization of the ingredients for pharmaceutical products.

Although in the USA hemp, weed, hash etc. have been largely legalized in many states for a long time, in Switzerland we are just allowing a few pilot trials, which are unsuitable in this form and which only serve to favor the pharmaceutical industry and protect it in the event of liberalization. In its „Perspectives on Drug Policy 2030“, the Federal Council announces its intention to examine the advantages and disadvantages of the sanctions procedure and thus to reassess the opportunities and risks of legalization. In other words, the government is considering decriminalization and legalization over the next ten years. Whereas Portugal already took this path ten years ago, in 2001, with quite positive consequences. The fact that the Swiss government needs 30 years or more to do this is not exactly exhilarating. There was an attempt, but Federal Councilor Ruth Dreyfuss narrowly failed in parliament with her bill. Yet Switzerland, which in the 1980s in the face of the great heroin crisis and the many drug deaths, developed a methadone distribution program that was unique in the world and decriminalized and virtually eliminated heroin use. This successful model made Zurich, and with it Switzerland, a pioneer of a humanitarian drug policy that recognized the potential for addiction. Since then, the government has relied on the four-pillar principle (prevention, therapy, harm reduction and repression).

While hundreds of traffic deaths and thousands of acts of violence under the influence of alcohol are accepted as normal, cannabis has not yet killed anyone and tends to lead to a calm, peaceful if not apathetic stoned state. Where is the widely praised proportionality and Helvetic insight into the facts? With the popular drug alcohol, one accepts all the traffic deaths, family violence excesses, rapes and aggressions? Grotesque, isn’t it? When the 2012 World Cup took place in Portugal, the government banned alcohol for three days but turned a blind eye to cannabis use. Lo and behold, it was the most peaceful soccer games ever. Now let’s delve into today’s medical facts and the political big picture. Cannabis is admittedly no longer internationally equated with heroin since the „United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs“ (CDN) voted in December 2020 at a meeting in Vienna on various proposals made in 2019 by the World Health Organization (WHO) to reclassify cannabis. At issue was removing cannabis from Schedule IV of the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and decriminalizing it. Because cannabis had previously been on Schedule IV along with heroin and methaphetamine, the illicit opiates and cocaine, many conservative states continued to invoke the age-old regulation. drug policy shaped over 50 years ago by messianic and hypocritical U.S. policy (and the ambitions of an out-of-work U.S. alcohol prohibition chief) is in upheaval worldwide.

Prohibition has never worked, the medical potential has been neutered

Drug prohibition is supposed to protect us, we are told everywhere. Our health is enforced by coercive and criminal means. In a very flimsy, hypocritical way, although the WHO defines addiction per se as a disease. Whether it is binge eating, alcohol addiction, heroin or opium addiction, or cannabis „abuse.“ But what is the reality? An obscure, Kafkaesque tangle that defies all logic. Do the police ring the bell when diabetics, the recommendations of doctors disregard the prescription information? Do the police sanction and fine offenders for „Ritalin“ or prescription pill abuse? There have been hundreds of thousands of deaths in the U.S. due to money-grubbing pharmaceutical companies and loose prescribing policies of opiates such as „oxytoxin“ as painkillers. A disaster of biblical proportions, exceeded only by Trump’s primitive Corona epidemic policy. In the meantime, cannabis has been legalized in many states in the USA, in Canada and in Uruguay, as well as in some countries in Europe (Spain, Portugal, Czech Republic), Switzerland is lagging behind as always and everywhere. This is probably due to the fact that the pharmaceutical giants do not want to miss out on this big business, a market worth more than five billion Swiss francs, and are lobbying the federal government to ensure that no actual liberalization is being pursued, but only pharmaceutical regulation. In other words, it will probably remain forbidden for Kreti and Pleti to grow and harvest this ancient crop in the garden next to the tomatoes and other herbs. If this were the case, Switzerland could shut down half a nuclear power plant if the growers in this country were not forced to grow the crops under lights in cellars and industrial plants with an immense demand for electricity, while hemp could secure our mountains and avalanche slopes if it were planted outside on a large scale. The only thing that is certain is that the green gold, like almost everything else in Switzerland, is turned into lucrative coal by the pharmaceutical industry and cannabis is only dispensed medically, clinically and possibly even synthetically on prescription for expensive money. Thus the CBD or THC preparations legally available at present for very few persons (approximately 3000) cost between 600 to 800 francs and the health insurance companies do not take over the costs only still or only in the rarest cases. Thus, such a legalized distribution will not eliminate the black market. And the path to a special permit has so far only been possible in four cases: for spasticity such as multiple sclerosis, for chronic pain patients, for HIV disease and for cancer and chemotherapy. It’s worth taking a brief look back to the 1980s.

„If you look back at the heroin crisis in the 1980s, you can say today that illegality and criminalization caused the greatest damage,“ says Toni Berthel, a psychiatrist who headed the „Federal Commission for Addiction Issues“ (EKSF), which has since been renamed the „Federal Commission for Addiction and Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases“ (EKSN). Berthel and other addiction experts are convinced that in a free society, adults do not need „lifestyle know-it-alls,“ and that this also applies to psychoactive substances of all kinds. Berthel is convinced that bans are useless, and that regulated distribution combined with addiction prevention is the better way to go, and that „a drug-free society is an illusion. And it is no longer tenable to ban a drug with a low addiction potential and few harmful indications, such as cannabis, while a substance with such a high addiction potential as alcohol is consumed naively. On this point, Berthel and pharmacopsychologist Boris Quednow, who researches substance use and its consequences at the Psychiatric University Clinic in Zurich, agree. He, too, believes that consumption should be decriminalized as soon as possible, „otherwise you continue to punish the most severely affected.“ But regulating each substance individually is enormously complex, he says. And beyond that, there are many other questions about whether these substances would then become prescription drugs and what the requirements would be for the substances produced. So we are also talking about legalization steps for cocaine, of which more than five tons are consumed in Switzerland every year. Or about crystal meth, LSD and mescaline. However, it is also clear that without a tight framework for dispensing, one immediately loses control, because the tobacco lobby or other (also dubious) interested parties are waiting in the wings. But back to cannabis, which is the focus of the cantons here and now also in the pilot projects approved by the FOPH over a period of three years (2022 – 2025). A substance that has been used for thousands of years and has a long-proven, high medicinal potential has been unjustly stigmatized. This much is already clear today. Because:

The catalog of diseases for which cannabis has been proven to have a positive but little or no negative effects, for a long time much wider. In medicine, THC and CBD are therefore increasingly used for therapeutic purposes, for headaches and migraines, nausea or vomiting. It has anxiety-relieving, antipsychotic effects, relieves pain from nerve injuries, inhibits inflammation, suppresses muscle spasms and seizures, stimulates bone growth, lowers blood sugar levels and intraocular pressure, and can also destroy cancer cells. That’s not all, let’s take a closer look at the rich medical and scientific potential of this semi-legal, semi-illegal plant. Israeli researchers are leading the world in the study of medical cannabis. Dr. Raphael Mechoulam, discovered THC 50 years ago and later CBD. Research conducted by the „Jewish University“ and „Tel Aviv University“ has shown that THC and CBD can promote the healing of bone fractures and activate lysylhydroxylases (the enzymes necessary for bone healing) in cells. THC binds to the canna-binoid receptors CB1 and CB2 in the body. When docking to CB1 receptors, it affects signal transmission to synapses, which transmit information to the central and peripheral nervous system, resulting in a feeling of happiness, relaxation and pain relief. In Israel, the healing effect of cannabis on colon cancer cells and adenomatous polyps has also been demonstrated. Here CBG was shown to cause cell arrest in colon cancer cells and apoptotic cell death. The most common form of cancer is skin cancer. i.e. melanoma.

Let us now turn to one of the main causes of death in the Western world, type 2 diabetes. Obesity a key risk factor closely linked to the disease. Certain molecules produced in the cannabis plant can help prevent and treat the disease. Type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder in which the body cannot produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes or diabetes mellitus is much more common and occurs when the pancreas, does not produce enough insulin. If this is the case, normal blood glucose levels cannot be maintained. A UK-based is currently developing a cannabis drug that potentially eliminates the need for insulin injections in diabetes. The company has already launched an oral spray called „Sativex“ to help with the muscle spasms associated with multiple sclerosis. This drug targets the use of the cannabinoids CBD and THCV (tetrahydrocannabivarin), which are molecules that lower blood sugar levels and improve insulin production. THCV is a potent cannabinoid and has been shown to be an appetite suppressant to begin with. A study published by the American Diabetes Association examined the efficacy and safety of THCV and CBD in patients with type 2 diabetes. The researchers, found that THCV also significantly decreased fasting plasma glucose. In turn, the cannabinoids CBD and THC mutually reinforce each other’s therapeutic properties. Cannabigerol (CBG), like cannabidiol (CBD), is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid from the cannabis plant. CBG content is usually higher in indica varieties than in sativa varieties and has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, analgesic, and intraocular pressure-lowering effects. Researchers from the „University of Barcelona“ have proven that CBG is a partial agonist of cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) and acts as a regulator of endocannabinoid signaling.

Italian researchers proved that inflammation and oxidative stress play a central role in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and multiple sclerosis, and found that cannabis also exerts neuroprotective effects against inflammation and oxidative stress, protecting against neuronal cell loss. Researchers from the „Universidad Complutense“ Madrid in Spain studied the effects of CBG and identify genes associated with Huntington’s disease (e.g., gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptor (GABA). The study was conducted under the supervision of scientists from 18 countries. The Journal of Investigative Dermatology published a study in which mice with melanoma were treated with THC and CBD, and an international team of researchers found that these substances lead to the death of cancer cells through apoptosis and autophagy. The term autophagy refers to a process in which the cell disassembles itself to get rid of damaged parts. Apoptosis is the natural suicide of the cell. It breaks apart and then the immune system cleans up the rest. Through studies on animals, it has been shown that THC and CBD can stimulate and support both processes. In their study, the researchers used THC and CBD in equal amounts, as given in the drug Sativex, which is currently undergoing a testing phase as a pain medication for cancer patients. The researchers discovered the potential of cannabinoids to treat melanoma back in 2006, when they found the CB1 and CB2 receptors in melanoma cells. These receptors are also the binding sites for THC in the human body. By activating these receptors, the researchers were able to slow down the growth of cancer cells because apoptosis and autophagy were triggered by the treatment. As we can see, the purely medicinal spectrum of the hemp plant is enormous, not to mention that the plant, i.e. the seeds and the oil are very good for nutrition, because they contain an extremely high proportion and ideal ratio of unsaturated fatty acids and amino acids.

The hemp plant has indisputably a lot of medicinal potential that should be used increasingly by the pharmaceutical industry. But please not exclusively and under discrimination of those who want to grow the phytomedicinal qualities with sunlight and rainwater, CO2-neutral with lower THC potency free of charge and consume at any time carefree legal, no matter whether as a joint, as Hasch-Keckse or as hemp oil. That alone would already serve the public health and help the economy as well as the state, the police and justice. Tax revenues for youth protection and prevention, for the state and cantons, the relief of law enforcement agencies from the senseless stoner hunt, an economic innovation boost also in textiles and building materials. A few examples:

The skin is our largest organ and serves as a protective shield against infections and injuries. It is an extremely complex membrane with the epidermis and pores at the top, then in the derma with the sebaceous and sweat glands and hair follicles, followed by the subcutis with the adipocytes and then the muscle structure. The lipid layer is a physiochemical barrier with antimicrobial properties that controls the skin microbiome. The sebaceous glands (sebocytes) contribute with their lipid-rich sebum and, in case of unbalanced production, determine acne, dehydrated skin and other dermatological diseases. According to recent findings, there is an interesting link between cannabinoids and the metabolic processes in the skin. In a systematic study of the effects on the skin of the use of synthetic cannabinoids, which can be purchased over the counter, scientists found that there is an active interaction between cannabinoids and skin homeostasis. In 2015, at the dermatological University of Münster, Germany, human cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 were detected in the sebaceous glands for the first time. Another group of researchers found that the potential of cannabinoids has a significant impact on the homeostasis of sebum production (sebum). In one experiment, CB2 receptors were specifically turned off in sebocytes, which resulted in a reduction of sebum production. In the second experiment, exogenously applied endocannabinoids were found to increase lipid pro-duction, indicating the importance of the CB2 receptor in sebocytic lipogenesis.

In other words, the phyto-cannabinoid cannabidiol clearly shows anti-acne effects by normalizing sebum production, increased proliferation of keratinocytes and bacterial inflammation. CBD does not inhibit sebum lipogenesis, but brings it into proper balanace. Also essential oil that is extracted from the hemp plant consists of a variety of terpenes and antimicrobial properties against P.acnes and are also anti-inflammatory. As a result, terpenes can or must be increasingly emphasized as another building block in the complex effect of the hemp plant for medicinal purposes and health aspects. Moreover, cannabinoids also have a key function in the skin, which is not limited to the immune cells. The modulatory effect is also active in the sebaceous glands and many other cell types that contain phatogenic and hazard-associated recognition receptors. These cells coordinate and formulate local immune responses and the production of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators. And all this happens under the strict regime of the human cannabinoid system (ECS), as explained by the source of these exciting findings, Dr. Christian Löfke, cell biologist at the organic hemp producer „BioBloom“.

Hemp fiber was already highly valued in shipping, and recently it has come back into the conversation as a building material, opening up entirely new, sustainable construction methods for building everything from micro houses to apartment buildings. The excellent, breathable insulating materials can be used for floors, interior and exterior walls, false ceilings and even the roof. First of all, there is hemp lime for exterior walls, which can be used very flexibly in a wide variety of constructions. The hemp can be used in blocks of any size (like bricks) or it can be used to construct entire walls and floors in a tailor-made way. Hemp clay is used in interior walls and floor construction because of its excellent thermal mass. Hemp wool shines due to its exceptional insulating properties combined with high lightness and toughness. Hemp fleece, in turn, is a good impact sound insulator. And hemp lime opens up completely new, sustainable applications in the construction and wood industries. For example, a farmhouse with timber framing can be completely restored and the outer walls sealed with hemp lime. Which notabene fulfills all energy standards without additional use of other insulating materials. Hemp lime is made from hemp shives (chopped hemp stalks) that are already used as animal litter and then, with the addition of lime and water, results in a kind of natural concrete. The procedure can be made also with loam instead of lime, whereby the building method could be opened again for many other world regions. A small house requires about two tons of hemp hurds and fibers, while a single-family house can require 15 tons of hemp hurds and four tons of hemp fibers. 

According to estimates by the U.S. firm Grand View Research, cannabis companies will generate $73 billion worldwide in 2027. The London-based firm „Prohibition Partners“, which specializes in cannabis, estimates the market volume for Europe at 115 billion euros by 2028. The sales potential for Switzerland is currently estimated at a good five billion, but it could be much higher. Currently, Canadian companies are leading the way, followed by companies in the U.S. and the U.K., but there are also some quite big players in Switzerland. Drug prohibition never worked, the medical potential was neutered. We’ve known that for 50 years now. So we should at least give grass now, instead of letting valuable time pass with abstruse pilot projects. The population is mature enough for this and no longer wants to be patronized and taken for fools.

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9. places of longing: Australia, Aborigines and South Sea pearls

Finally, a very relaxing trip to Australia, and then we’re off to the South Seas. Let’s start the journey on the world’s largest sand island in the Great Barrier Reef off the coast of Queensland, where tropical forested dunes tower on the shores of crystal clear freshwater lakes amidst emerald green rainforests. Off Fraser Island’s coast, humpback whales and dolphins cavort. But the island biotope is not only a refuge for rare plant species and endemic animal species; homo ecotourism is also increasingly nesting here. Sand dunes up to 240 meters high, 120 kilometers of beach, numerous crystal clear freshwater lakes and a large sheltered bay, Hervey Bay, where whales can be seen between August and October, are the attraction of the island microcosm.

Fraser Island is ancient and carries the eternity of over 220 million years of evolutionary history on its hump. Sand has washed up and accumulated on the island for two million years. During the Ice Age, this landscape was formed and in its present form it has existed for about 6000 years. With the warming of the climate 140,000 years ago, the first traces of the Aborigines appeared there, but it is assumed that the „Butschulla“ aborigines settled on „KGari“ Island only 20 million years ago. For the western world Fraser Island was discovered by James Cook in 1770.

A legend of the Butschulla tribe about evolutionary history says that the Creator once sent the gods Jendigi and Gari to earth. They created mountains, rivers and lakes, and the goddess Gari insisted on staying on earth. So Jendigi transformed the goddess Gari into a beautiful island with over 40 lakes, so clear that Gari could see him in the sky. He also created animals and humans and taught them to reproduce. This is the story of the creation of Fraser Island, the world’s largest sand island, 120 km long and 25 km wide. Over the millennia, the sea has washed up gigantic sand dunes.

The gigantic freshwater reservoirs together hold ten to twenty million mega-liters of fresh water. The crystal clear drinking water of Lake McKenzie, lined with bright white sand beaches, invites you to take a dip. Dingoes can also be seen on the shore. However, they do not come to drink, but because of the bulging provision bags of the tourists. Many a fine morsel falls off for the wild dogs.

Already in the apron of the Australia journey I made myself strong for the „whale prohibition“ and reported about it in different newspapers, among other things in the Sunday newspaper under the title „Lieber touristic ausschlachten, als abschlachten“! Now I wanted to fulfill myself the dream and participate in a whale watching. Hervey Bay is only one of a dozen places in the Great Barrier Reef where the whales cavort. About 100 people crowd to the railing on the „Kingfisher“ catamaran, scanning the horizon for fountains or a towering tail fin. „There they are,“ one yells, and the crowd cheers! A colossus weighing perhaps 30 tons with a body certainly over 16 meters long shoots high into the air like a silvery arrow performs a pirouette and then dives headfirst back into the waters. What a sublime sight! Fortunately, they are protected here.

„Whale-watching“ has blossomed into a 600 to 700 million tourism industry in the 1990s. Whale-watchers travel to Baja California, the coast of Brazil, Patagonia or South Africa to see the swimming mammals. As early as 1994, Australia was earning more than 50 million a year from whale watching. No wonder, the giants of the seas are fascinating in every way! Like encoded messages (today they are probably lamentations) their tones sound from the depth of the ocean, similar to a sonar, the echo-sounding system of shipping they determine their course with radar signals. They send out exact transmission intervals and are able to pick up the signals of the sound waves with their sensitive sense and to analyze and locate them precisely, so that they can orientate themselves over thousands of kilometers. The songs, which can last up to thirty minutes, are used for communication with conspecifics. From the turquoise shores of the Great Barrier Reef now to a completely different area, which stands in contrast to the maritime life, but equally fights for survival.

Opal seekers in Coober Pedy: Hope lives underground

Between Adelaide and Alice Springs, somewhere in the middle of a glowing, hot, inhospitable lunar landscape, lies the then 5,000-strong nest of Coober Pedy, also known as „Opal Mining City“. The inhabitants live in subterranean mole-like constructions and also spend the day underground, in the tunnels, equipped with dynamite to carry out further blasting. Glimpses into the lives of opal prospectors in a dynamite-laden underground. Driven by the hope of quick riches and exposed to the risk of failing mouse-poor, real fortune seekers thus, from all parts of the earth. But what is it that draws people here? Desolation, scorching heat, lots of dust and rubble, and endless hardships. Nothing is spared the opa prospectors here. Four-fifths of the population lives underground in the tunnels, which have ventilation shafts to the top. The supermarket, gas station and church are also underground. Here in the hot outback, men from Albania, Italy, Croatia, Greece, Serbia, Poland and even Swiss are among them. They are all looking for the precious stones. At that time, you could just stake a „claim“ and start drilling and blasting. Lucky men who left Coober Pedy as rich men are few and far between. The large cemetery in the desert nest is eloquent testimony to that.  There is also a letter carrier for the region. John Stillwell’s oxen tour clearly shows the local dimensions. Twice a week, John drives from Coober Pedy to William Creek, a provincial nest of nine houses, and then to Oodnadata, a dilapidated Aborginies settlement, delivering mail to three farmers over the 650 kilometers. John has been doing this tour for six years now and he has done the route over 700 times.  He also crosses the Moon Plain Area, a dry, stony, sandy moonscape dotted with small hills to the Anna Creek cattle ranch, whose fence is over 9600 kilometers long. The farm is thus almost as big as the Netherlands. Then we continue to William Creek and although there are only nine houses, there is probably the most expensive satellite phone booth in the world and a shady parking lot with parking meter. We continue along an old Aborginies trail to the underground hot springs and follow the „Great Overland Telegraph line“. At sunset we played another round of desert sand golf.

South Sea Pearls: At the Gate to Paradise

A mosaic of light and color surrounds the widely scattered chain of islands. Each of these islands, covered in emerald green vegetation, is fringed by turquoise blue and wreath-shaped reefs. They limit the depth of the sea, turn its opulent underwater splendor upwards and unfold the beauty of the colorful coral gardens with great abundance of species and shield the islands, which are often only a few meters above the sea surface, from the surf. After an interminably long flight from Zurich, via Paris, New-York, San Francisco and Hawaii, I landed at the „gateway to paradise“ on Tahiti – also called the „island of love“ and synonymous with the stuff dreams are made of. The French overseas territory with its 118 islands is divided into the Austral and Society Islands, the Marquesas and the Tuamotu Archipelago. The choice is difficult. But basically, there are two types of islands that unite to form a brilliant ensemble: high volcanic islands like Moorea, Huahine or Tahiti and flat atolls like Tetiaroa.

Tahiti, the „island of multicolored waters“ is also a symbol of the transfigured myth that covers the South Seas like its sparkling firmament with enchanting impressions. In the South Seas the creator once wanted to show what he was capable of, the poet Robert Brooke recorded. Gaugin, too, fell into a painterly impressionist frenzy of colors and senses. Especially Moorea, which is less than half an hour away from Papeete by catamaran, is taken to heart by many. The vacation island, on which several volcanic peaks rise like lances into the sky, became famous through Dino de Laurenti’s film „Mutiny on the Bounty“. Right next to the 900 meter high Mount Rotui lies the famous Cook Bay. Indeed, one cannot help but paint the South Seas in the most beautiful colors and praise it in the highest terms. In view of the gentle and strong charisma of the islanders, one is tempted to elevate their world to a paradise on earth. When graceful, strong men row their canoes through the water as swift as an arrow, or graceful creatures sit under the coconut palms, mango, papaya, avocado and breadfruit trees.  Since then, Europeans have measured the South Seas with the yardstick of their wishes and dreams; poets of all stripes fantasize, fabricate and compose much crazy beauty. But a place of vicious pleasures, the South Seas is not, despite all matriarchal mores and permissive sensuality. But there is a conspicuous number of transvestites (raerae) in Papeete. And a Polynesian peculiarity are the marus – sons feminized from an early age by their mothers, usually the last born in a family that has no daughters. They behave like women and do the housework. Both marginalized groups enjoy a high level of social acceptance.

Thirty years after the French invasion of Tahiti and Mururoa by an army of nuclear physicists, engineers and military men, the South Sea Islanders know not only the god of love, but also the god and power of money. Life in paradise has its price and it is high. Problems with alcohol and other drugs as well as poverty and slumming are on the rise. In fact, travel writers can’t help but describe the South Seas in the most beautiful colors and, in view of the gentle and tranquil way of life of the extremely hospitable islanders, elevate it to the status of paradise. High volcanic islands like Moorea, Huahine and Tahiti, flat atolls like Marlon Brando’s kingdom of Tetiaroa. Like Tahiti, Huahine is divided into a large and a small island. Between them is a strait that is very popular with surfers. Bora Bora has the most spectacular and beautiful lagoon in the world. Truly, the only 30 square meters small but 30 million years old atoll is a precious jewel in the Pacific. At that time, many tourists also took Moorea to their hearts because of the movie „Mutiny on the Bounty“, which was filmed there in Oponohu Bay. 

10. (A)social media, Big Data, AI, Whistleblowers and disruptive media moguls.

Critically questioning the role of all media

In the final chapter, we take another somewhat creepy journey through the world of Big Data, Artificial Intelligence and the (a)social media that so strongly influence all of our lives. As is so often the case, the technologies are helpful and good, but are mostly being used and commoditized in disruptive ways. Anyone who goes outside quickly realizes that they need to dress warmly. Anger, hatred and denunciation dominate the debate climate, prevent genuine discourse and lead to camp formation and wagon mentality. They fuel discord and prevent the necessary dialogue. A reasonable exchange between the pole positions hardly comes about any more, a discussion progress and enrichment for both sides fall under the table. One gets the impression that the discrediting of people who think differently is used as a cheap substitute for serious, well-founded and solution-oriented politics. Instead of connecting more and more with everything alive, we have successively focused our cognitive abilities on the smart phone, PCs and laptops and no longer see beyond (our own) horizon. It is striking that the view has been reduced to a display and 35 cm horizon and that most people are constantly swiping around on the smart phone instead of facing an interesting dialog or flirting a little. Interesting encounters on public transport have largely been lost, with almost everyone just staring at their displaly as if they were part of the machine, and that’s just the tip of the iceberg.

In contrast to the pandemic, we have still not fully recognized the negative effects of digitalization and have not put the ingenious and progressive potential of technologies and the Internet at the service of society and humanity, but have unconditionally left tech giants to our exploitation, enslavement and dehumanization and are blithely playing along with the tragic game. The gradual disconnection from everything that makes us human and humanity itself, the constant artificial seduction of apps and algorithms that dictates our lives, is where very few of us now differ from gambling addicts, tablet and alcohol addicts, even fixers. Actually, seen in the masses, we no longer differ from digi-tal zombies and hardly all that much from robots that either function according to „schema F“ or are discarded and dulled. What if the next global pandemic was a world-wide cyberattack on the Internet. Then the world would literally stand still, but millions of people would go crazy. Those who still have access to their simple, living basic needs and with all their fibers, unbroken curiosity and joy of exchange with strangers would be deterred. Where is the freedom left there? We need a sensible global income and social policy, not an economic growth policy for the sake of a few and ruin for all. Most social media, especially „Facebook“ and „Twitter“ are like „infernal machines for destabilizing whole societies“.

The US and Donald Trump have just proven it and taken it to extremes, but the disruptive SM demon is in constant use around the world, directing governments and society before it. We have become media empowered but not media literate – and most get lost in an endless loop using these perfidious techno-tools that divide society. The hypocritical and irresponsible net lords pursue a „Kafkaesque censorship policy“: Sometimes following the with the banishment of a few nipples obscure evangelical morals and opaque filters, for that they ignore posts that incite to violence, be it in the USA and Europe or with dictatorial neighbors and despots, as the military junta in Burma gave free rein to agitators in the expulsion of the Rohinas (and was not censored) and in China anyway in dealing with the Iugurs, the Hong Kong Chinese, Taiwanese, etc. What distortions of reality and discourse are being propagated or suppressed here? Where exactly are the limits of what is justifiable? How are conflicting goals, political influence and abuse of power limited and prevented?

Quite simply, binding and precisely formulated ethical standards and journalistic principles would have to be introduced for everyone, in terms of factual accuracy and source citation, and full transparency would have to be established in the filter settings and the „world view“ of the platform. But most importantly, companies should be taxed enough to actually make a social contribution to world affairs and not just make Marc Zuckerberg, Jeff Bezos and a few others multi-billionaires. No one person should own one or more billions on their own. Billionaires would have to give every cent over 100 million of mine back to society. But: The oligarchy of the globalized finance capital wants to silence the NGOs and the Swiss foreign minister Ignazio Cassis wants to put the development organizations on a short leash and cut their contributions, while it is only logical that civil organizations also get politically involved in the fight against injustice and inequality. NGOs must be in a position to get to the root of the evil and, through research, get to the bottom of the dirty dealings of the extractive and financial industries and take action on a civil level against misery and exploitation. For there is much to be done:

Two billion people have no access to clean water, 62 UN states practice torture, millions of people and children starve to death, although the world could produce enough food for all. For neoliberalism, the cannibalistic world and economic order and selfishness is the engine of history. For anti-capitalists and social movements, every human being is inspired by the desire for solidarity, reciprocity and complementarity with the poorest people, and the idea of a more just world is not a utopia but a necessity to be constantly worked on. Is it presumptuous to dream of a post-capitalist world and not lose sight of this goal. „When human consciousness is finally freed from the capitalist alienation of human values, the transformation process of the new order will begin in the framework of respect for all economic, social and cultural rights and values will be based.

Everything important is unpurchasable, everything purchasable is unimportant. Renunciation creates free space. Those who hardly need money do not have to earn much and can turn to more meaningful things than slave labor. There is still a lack of an ideal superstructure – everyone looks out for himself, egoism and self-promotion flourish. Many indulge in a superficial, consumption-oriented and meaningless existence. There are neo-ascetics, pragmatic idealists, robust materialists and exuberant capitalists. From the liberation from social constraints follows a turbo-individualism that torpedoes the ideal foundations and the cohesion of our society and renounces compassion, solidarity and respectability. After the emergence of religion and politics, the gods of capitalism lose their luster and, if present, their meaning-giving power. More appearance than reality was the motto for a long time. The varnish is off and the shine of unbridled capitalism is fading in the field of tension between turbo-capitalism and social market economy. Many things are currently being put to the test: the image of man, gender roles, the world order and the economic order, the intergenerational contract and the welfare state.

We are in a purgatory of paradoxes. Division and fragmentation have shattered the social order, and digitization is partly to blame. Have we now reached the point where we replace the lost values with even more laws and coercive state measures and protect society and the state from exuberant contemporaries and, at the same time, protect ourselves from the encroachments and interventions of the state and give up fundamental rights and freedoms more and more? They are already as full of holes as an Emmental cheese.

20 years ago, the terrorist attacks of September 11 on the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York took place. These fundamentally changed the world and replaced the „Cold War“ with the Soviet Union, with NATO Allies immediately joining the U.S. in unconditional solidarity and declaring alliance default for the first time in NATO history. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the U.S. security apparatus was left without a significant enemy. The „War on Terror“ gave the war machine a renewed boost and large military budgets. The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan were the result, and Europe blithely participated – also in the knowledge of the torture prisons of the USA in Afghanistan, Iraq, the Eastern Bloc and Guantanamo. Switzerland also helped in the US kidnapping and torture flights and played a disastrous collaborative role in humanitarian terms. Germany is no better off and the British do what the Americans want anyway. But we Swiss are also the lapdogs of the United States and kowtow at all levels. In addition, we are also the European, not to say global intelligence operations hub with all the international organizations and the many oligarchs and tax evaders and Mafiosis who live and work here. They all love Switzerland.

Let us also recall the horrific images of the Abu Ghuraib torture scandal during the U.S. occupation of Iraq, which caused a worldwide sensation. In it, Iraqi inmates at Abu Ghuraib prison were abused, raped and tortured by guards, often to the point of death. „Most of the inmates were „innocents who were in the wrong place at the wrong time,“ a general later said. In December 2002, Donald Rumsfeld approved 16 special interrogation methods for Guantanamo, including intimidating detainees with dogs, requiring them to strip naked during interrogations and assume uncomfortable postures for hours. Solitary confinement, interrogation for up to 20 hours, and deprivation of hot meals were also part of the regime. Since the war in Afghanistan, detainees have been held in an internment camp in Guantanamo Bay as well as on Diego Garcia; without judicial process or protection under the Geneva Conventions. There too, there have been reports and evidence of mistreatment and torture.

Since there is no internationally recognized definition of terrorism under international law, states have continued to expand the term, ramping up and inflating the security apparatus into a preventive surveillance state, and now anyone and everyone is a suspect. Terrorism today includes crimes that have nothing to do with political, subversive violence. This is also the case in the new Swiss Police Measures Act (PMT), in which even the spread of fear and terror is considered terror. I wonder where all the freedom-trychlers, the original Swiss, SVP-Corona-deniers and conspiracy theorists have been, when our basic rights have been constantly curtailed for two decades and the population has nodded off all the tightening and restrictions. A tragedy and a hypocrisy beyond compare.

In criminal law, there has been a gradual shift to the preventive and thus to the private sphere. Preventive surveillance has increased dramatically and disproportionately. After 2015, Switzerland also adopted an anti-terror strategy and tightened the Intelligence Act, with coercive measures now permissible on the basis of suspicions, vague circumstantial evidence and equally opaque algorithms in dragnet searches. And the perfidious thing is that surveillance measures have now been extended to „violent extremism,“ again a very vague legal paraphrase of who, why, or from what point in time is classified as „extreme.“

The Curse of Big Data and Our Willful Negligence with Data Handling.

As the fuel of information capitalism, Big Data establishes the dictatorship of tech giants and information elites because the sellers have the data and key technologies for analysis. All the more tragic is our careless indifference to excessive data collection of any kind. All corona vaccination and conspiracy theorists would have to deal with this as intensively as with the new vaccine. The danger that the triad of information, emotional and behavioral control suma surum leads to a risk technology for our society, freedom and democracy is more than real. The Big Data moguls and data octopuses such as Google, Amazon, Facebook, Twitter and others are beyond the control of the state. Rules for the information economy hardly exist. Equally, there is no social or political optic and strategy for dealing with Big Data and intelligent machines. We simply accept that our basic human rights, such as the right to privacy, are completely undermined and that our data circulate in a completely untraceable manner and are exploited in a non-transparent manner, and we contribute diligently to the gold rush mood and at the same time to tactical obfuscation with our unquestioning blogs and contributions. At the same time, it is becoming increasingly clear that intelligent machines will radically change our everyday lives and society, both in our interpersonal dealings and in influencing or destroying our value and legal systems as well as forms of government and communication.

Those industries that bring Big Data products with total surveillance to market have no compunction and know no limits when it comes to lucrative business. George Orwell sends his regards. His fictions, which were already creepy at the time, have been surpassed by far. Almost silently, information capitalism has crept into our foundations and into our lives. Hypertasking has degenerated into a grotesque hype. Regularly observing how fleeting the users are and how superficial the information is makes me nauseous. More and more data is supposed to improve or optimize our lifestyle, according to the motto: Hedonism, egoism and subjectivism are good. Me, myself and I. What else? This is how indoctrination with fascist ideologies and manifestos works best. The division of society has already taken place to a frighteningly disruptive degree. The attack on the solidarity of the community and the division of society is also well advanced. The alarm bells are ringing, but no one is listening. As with climate change, this problem is also gladly suppressed.

Unfortunately, we are not simply victims but active accomplices. It is up to us how naive we want to remain, how far we want to distance ourselves from reason and lull ourselves into a false sense of security by blithely participating in the whole data octopus circus. Personally, I have therefore already ended all my social media activities in 2013 and also do not use a single app on the smart phone and certainly not „Google“ is activated. On the one hand, this leads to isolation and compartmentalization, but on the other hand, it favors farsightedness and sharpness through a more focused view and insight, as well as serenity and the willingness to engage in dialogue as a result of the not constantly stimulus-flooded echo chamber apocalypse. Of course one accepts some restrictions for the peaceful rest.

In the beat of our pulse we reveal our innermost. And even if we still exercise as much control as possible over what we reveal, we can no longer escape the dictates of exploration. And the quality of the systems, the nature of the data collected about us and the knowledge gained from it remain hidden and cannot be verified by us. Unfortunately, unscientific approaches to the data we collect are also the rule rather than the exception. The primary data that we ourselves disclose is linked to secondary data, i.e. other clues and traces that we have left behind digitally. The sources are monitored by sensors and in this sense, everyone who carries the spy with the smartphone in his pocket is himself a source of data fusion, when phone calls, chats, calendars, internet are siphoned off and evaluated by nnknown powers.

Since we don’t know exactly who collects which data and how and who receives it, and we don’t know what the final result will be, we have no influence on false evaluations and misjudgments. Seen in this light, all freedom-loving Corona vaccination opponents should have parted with their smartphones a good ten years ago. Even more so, as life is more complex and multi-layered than algorythmic logic puzzles, also the collected data can be outdated, from questionable sources, wrong or incomplete and distort the picture. For this purpose, there is a special method called Bayesian statistics, which works with conditional probabilities, but this is neither used by many data miners nor is it the last word in wisdom. In contrast to the previous social development towards more individualization, it is now the intelligent machines that turn us into standardized people and, depending on the case, also misclassify and categorize us with sometimes fatal consequences. Furthermore, it is important to know that data fusion is subject to continuous adaptation because the world is changing rapidly and the amount of data is growing exponentially.

The adaptation can be done in two ways, either the data scientist adapts the algorythms itself or in the case of artificial intelligence, the machine adapts itself to the changed conditions. We should be aware that this adaptation process is as flawed as humans or the human brain. But it is of little use to us, because we and also the states have little or no influence over this branch of business. Learning machines are pure optimizers; this may still be acceptable for commercial transactions, but the situation is completely different when conclusions about the behavioral predictions of individuals are subjected to this rigid scheme. Does the increasing quantification and measurement mean that we are merely mistaken more precisely and sacrifice humanity for it?

Thus „Google“ has not only created the Intrnet from space for infrastructurally weak, remote regions, but also the key military technology for surveillance from space, because the „Google“ drones are „HALE“ drones and fly at an altitude of a good 20 kilometers above the earth. „Google’s“ drones can circle for years over any zone of the world and are impossible to fight with conventional air defense systems, because their fine structure makes them hardly dedectable. Such a „HALE“ drone is the dream of every dictator and many states, but the sovereignty lies with a private company. And this is the case in many areas of Big Data key technologies today. Certain companies today have more power than influential states, and this should also give us pause for thought.

The excesses and fatal consequences of misguided algorithms for the world population can be seen for the first time on a large scale in the banking crisis of 2008. Until then, the financial mathematical models pretended to be able to pulverize loss risks of securities, but this did not happen and the house of cards system collapsed. Then we had the Wirecard scandal a similar construct based on bubbles and fraud on a grandiose scale. Has the financial industry or the world learned anything? No, because the collapse of the financial system due to capital accumulation had suddenly become „too big to fail“ in 2009, which sent a fatal signal to the turbo-capitalists. „Just keep doing what you’re doing, but do it a little better,“ was the message. Yes, hallelujah, so high-frequency trading and the capital system are still ticking time bombs and the greed mentality has torn a deep chasm through society and taken an abysmal leave of a solidary and balanced society.

It used to be said that God sees everything, but that is tempi passati. God has been replaced by a tech triumvirate: the „NSA“ sees everything, „Google“ knows everything and „Apple“ listens in on everything. But if private companies now place themselves above the sovereignty of states and laws and disregard our fundamental rights, what is in store for us? When the constant fulfillment of duty, unconditional obedience, constant optimization and a streamlined, conforming and steriotypical behavior becomes the hubris of existence. Are we blind, deaf or just negligently stupid to just go along with the whole game and abolish ourselves? That is completely schizophrenic! Let’s remember that a state by decree or a foreign power by espionage and sabotage, as well as criminal gangs can get at the data. It is only a matter of time. Not to mention what criminal, extortionist, and disruptive activities emanate from the companies themselves. It is no wonder that the division of society has become extremely aggravated by digitalization, that elections are manipulated with Boots and so many on the social medias fall for the flood of Boots. The more intelligent the machines become, the more stupid and uncritical we become, because we no longer understand anything and can no longer escape the pull or the magic of the digital gods.

In fact, I don’t have an app on my smartphone, I don’t use chats, and I stopped all social media appearances in 2013. However, only a few can afford this way of life and this luxury of freedom.

Man or machine – who is superior? Who makes the decisions?

An example of Big Data in military use with deadly consequences: At the end of August 1988, the nine-year war between Iran and Iraq was supposed to end with several hundred thousand deaths. For years, the warring parties had repeatedly attacked civilian oil tankers in the Persian Gulf. After Kuwait’s request for escort to the U.S., American troops moved to deploy tanker escorts. In all, six NATO countries were involved in this operation to keep the Strait of Hormuz clear. The U.S. cruiser „USS Vincennes“, which had a complete air defense system consisting of the most modern radars at the time, extensive air defense armament and its own air reconnaissance center on board, was also on the scene. The Combat Information Center (CIC) is where all the threads come together. The high-tech radar system „Aegis“ has the task of evaluating complex air battles with up to 200 aircraft in real time and sorting out a large number of threats, be it missiles launched from the ground or the detection of enemy aircraft, their armament, course and other details.

Also on the scene was the „US Montgomery“, which was requested by the captain of the „US Vincennes“ to assist in an engagement. Although the „US Montgomery“ did not have the same high level aerial reconnaissance equipment, it was able to exchange tactical information with the „US Vincennes“ through a „Link-II data link“ and was thus able to see the same real-time situational picture of the sister ship’s „Aegis“ system on her „CIC“ and numerous monitors. Meanwhile, the „US Montgomery“ was attacked by an enemy boat on July 3, 1988, a flying object also appeared in the sky that had taken off from Iran. To identify enemy aircraft, manuals of civilian flight plans, „IFF codes“ and other information are included. „IFF“ stands for Identification, Friend or Foe. Automatically, the response, „Squark Mode,“ came back from the aircraft’s transponder. A „Squak Mode“ starting with II indicates a military aircraft, a „Squark“ starting with III indicates a civil aircraft.

What unfolded next is a sequence of chaos, software problems and disinformation that counted among one of the most tragic air traffic disasters before the July 17, 2014.shooting down of a KLM plane by the Russians in Ukraine that hit and killed 298 people. At 10:17, Captain Mohsen Rezaian had started the short routine flight from Bandar Abbas to Dubai with 290 Mecca pilgrims on board. The flight distance of only 120 miles required a short climb of the civilian Airbus 320 commercial aircraft. The flight of Iran Air 655 was probably doomed by the fact that military aircraft had also landed at Bandar Abbas airport the day before due to military aerial reconnaissance. When the white dot appeared on the radar of the „US Vincennes“ and the commercial aircraft did not listen to the warnings of the US naval officer and the „Aegis“ system mistakenly classified the aircraft as an „IFF Model II“, i.e. a fighter jet, the situation escalated. Since a fire control beam apparently did not cause the Iranian aircraft to turn away, it was shot down and a number of people lost their lives. What was the cause? The Fogarty Report of the Parliamentary Inquiry sheds light on this. The analysis of the black box of the „US Vincennes“ shows that the „Aegis“ system worked flawlessly. So where did the false reports and misinterpretations lead Captain Rodgers to give the order to fire?

First of all, it should be noted that when a system has to detect and classify several dozens to hundreds of aircraft in real time, it is an extremely complex system. When this system or software begins to make its own decisions and draw consequences from the consequences of the observation, it can be considered intelligent and is far superior to humans, as the following example from aviation history shows
The collision of two airplanes near Überlingen on July 1, 2002, in which the Boeing DHL 611 on its way to Brussels collided with the Russian Tupolev Bashkirian Airlines 2937 on its way to Barcelona in the Lake Constance region, is one of the most serious air traffic accidents in Germany, but it was caused by a Swiss air traffic controller who had to pay for it with his life, as the father of a daughter who was killed took revenge and murdered the air traffic controller. When the safety distance between the two aircraft became dangerously close, both flying objects used the Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System „TCAS,“ to process the data from the contact, such as course and speed, and warn their crews. While the system of the Russian pilot, Alexander Gross, instructs to climb, the British pilot, Paul Philipps, is instructed to descend, which he does immediately. Only now does the air traffic controller from Skyguide in Zurich intervene and a man-machine decision conflict and momentous intervention by a human occurs. The air traffic controller also sends the Tupolev on a descent contrary to the instructions of the „TCAS“, whereupon the momentous collision occurs. The black box recordings of the conversation between the copilot and the pilot prove the fact and the wrong decision of the stressed air traffic controller. This shows that whenever a machine makes a decision, the human being is overwhelmed and rather trusts his own instinct.

What does this mean for Big Data in commercial use?

 

In the course of writing my book I deliberately put the chapters online already in the draft stage to observe which stories seem to be interesting, how the search engines spread the keywords and what reactions there are to them. Well it shows the following picture in a nutshell. The grazing of the online information is mainly driven by countries like China, Russia, USA and also Iran and in no time a flood of applications for systematic monitoring of the content pours in as well as a tidal wave of pishing emails and other cyber attacks. It’s not particularly surprising but nevertheless impressive how seamlessly the Internet is being scoured today. In addition, spyware programs such as „PRISM“, „Tempora“ and „Boundless Informant“ come into play, as we have known since Edward Snowden. And that brings us to whistleblowers. Thanks to courageous whistleblowers like Wikileaks founder Julian Assange, or Edward Snoden or investigative journalists and research networks like „Bellingcam“, some dirty tricks of despots, corrupt politicians, military operations, surveillance measures and economic crimes come to light. Fortunately, one would think. But far from it.

„Julian Assange has provided evidence of the most serious state-sanctioned crimes we torture and mass murder“ says none other than the UN Special Rapporteur Nils Melzer in his book „The Case of Julian Assange – History of a Persecution“. Apparently, Melzer’s visit to investigate alleged human rights violations, announced at the Ecuadorian embassy in April 2019, led to a three-day coordinated blitz by the three countries involved that enabled Assange to be extradited to the British police and has since been back in custody. First, the Ecuadorian embassy withdrew his asylum status and citizenship without due process of law, and at the same time the British government received an extradition request from the U.S. authorities, after which Assange was handed over to the British police and has been in custody ever since. Before that, he spent seven years in asylum in the Ecuadorian embassy to avoid extradition to the U.S. via Sweden. The U.S. extradition request is currently underway.

„The fact that the person who exposed mass murderers and crimes of torture against humanity should now himself be imprisoned as a criminal for 175 years, while not a single crime has been atoned for or those responsible punished,“ is evil for Europe, Melzer continues. „I didn’t think it was possible at first that Sweden or the UK would disregard human rights in such a way. But when it comes down to the wire, the rule of law doesn’t work anymore, even here in Europe. Julian Assange is, so to speak, „the skeleton in the closet of the self-righteous West.“ This has already shaken him (Melzer), although he has experienced and seen a lot as an ICRC delegate. Also the proceedings in Sweden because of alleged rape and other sexual offenses had been stopped, after Meltzer had written a letter to the Swedish government and had pointed out to them about 50 partly most serious procedural violations.

When asked whether this could also happen in Switzerland, the UN Special Rapporteur’s answer is: „Absolutely.“ He says he regularly has to approach massive discussions with the authorities in this country as well. The „crypto affair“ with the maipulated cipher devices is probably the most recent example that came to light, he said. Here, too, the Federal Council knew nothing about the affair, Parliament remained quiet and did not set up a commission of inquiry, and the judiciary did not take any action either, „which shows that the separation of powers does not always work in Switzerland either,“ says Melzer. Christoph Meili, who in 1997 made public the dormant assets of Holocaust victims and fled to the USA. Or Hervé Falciani, a former computer scientist at „HSBC“ bank in Geneva, who provided French, British and German tax authorities with data on thousands of tax cheats. Switzerland sentenced him to prison in 2015 for „economic espionage“ and demanded his extradition from Spain when Falciani was arrested in Madrid in 2018.

But back to the Assange case, he said the U.S. government’s unprecedented campaign is aimed at stalling Wikileaks‘ methods of allowing whistleblowers to anonymously publish large amounts of secret data. Seventeen of the 18 charges Assange faces in the U.S. involve mundane journalistic activities such as researching and publishing evidence of government abuse of power. „Assange himself never had a duty of secrecy,“ Melzer says. Assange is a journalist or publicist who obtained and published information. „That’s not a criminal offense,“ Melzer concludes. If he were convicted of being a spy for this, all investigative journalists worldwide could face the same in the future. That would be the end of democratic surveillance of state power. But there is hope, because under English law, no one can be extradited for a political offense. Espionage is by definition political. Last but not least, international law prohibits any extradition to a country where there is a threat of torture. This is well known to be the case in the U.S. for espionage charges.

The situation was different with Chelsea Manning, then known as Bradley Manning. He leaked to WikiLeaks a U.S. military video of the July 12, 2007, airstrikes in Baghdad and more than 250,000 diplomatic dispatches. The video shows civilians being shot from U.S. gunships, including Reuters reporters, accompanied by cynical comments from the helicopter crew. On July 30, 2013, he was found guilty on 19 of 21 counts and sentenced on August 21, 2013, to 35 years in prison and a $100,000 fine. Manning was released on May 17, 2017.

In 2013, Edward Snowden – a former technical employee of the US intelligence agencies NSA and CIA, who published the existence of the programs used for total surveillance of global Internet traffic. He, too, had to flee and absconded to Russia.

 

RE-TENSION

Müller’s first reports came from Soweto, where he lived underground with the oppressed black population and reported on the inhumane repression of the Apardheit regime . Müller also experienced the civil war between ANC and IFP and got a picture with an ICRC delegate in the refugee camps and with UN inspectors in prisons like the notorious Pollsmoor Jail in Cape Town. He’s humanitarian, social and environmental projects and visions Gland ieben and 5 0 countries visited.

DEDICATION

The book is my two I R Indian PROTECTION ENGELN DEVOTED TO MY MOTHER Rosemarie Müller AND MY YOUNG AND FRIEND M Ä ZEN DANIEL HAUSER

THANKSGIVING

Daniel Hauser, notary and lawyer

Silvio Imseng, bookworm, philosopher, painter and graphologist

Prof. Dr. Bernhard Kutscher,

Aiala Cella,

CELEBRITY LIST

Switzerland: Nelson Mandela, Dalai Lama, Chinese MP Wen Jibao (WEF Davos) , Federal Councilor Eveline Widmer Schlumpf (RHB 100 years) , Dalai Lama (Kongresshaus Zurich) , Ali Reza, Iranian Embassador in Switzerland in the Iranian Embassy in Bern, Niklaus Meienberg (Historian / journalist / writer), Jimmy Cliff, Bob Marley (AJZ)

South Africa: Nelson Mandela, Mangosutu Buthelezi IFP Chief & Kwa Zulu Natal Minister, Credo Vusama Mutwa (Zulu-Sangoma / writer), Walter Msimang (Satour Director South Africa), South Africa Ambassador in Bern Ms. Dr. Konji Sebati, South African Embassy in Bern, Dr. Jan Player, (Rhino Saver / Wilderness Leadership School), Margrit Thatcher (Former British Prime Minister), Alex Joc hheim (Satour Director Switzerland) , Miss South Africa 1994 ??? and Chris Hani’s daughter ???

Grenada: Prime Minister Breathwater

Cuba: Geraldine Japlin , Pope Karol Józef Wojtyła

India: Prime Minister Narenda Moodi,

Poland: General Jaruselski! Henry Zwirko (Minister of the Civil Aviation Authority) , Pope Karol Józef Wojtyła

Austria: Gorbachev’s Foreign Minister Shevardnadze. (In Lanserhof)

Trinidad: Mighty Sparrow, King of Calypso, Calypso & Steeld. Festival, legends,

Kenya: Dr. James Kisia; Deputy Secretary General of the ICRC Kenya Red Cros s

WEBLINKS:

Nomadic life for reportage photography https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29593                                         

Online book excerpts at a glance https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29854                                                       

Print publication overview https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29322                                                                     

To the GMC picture archive www.allmyphotos.ch                                                                                   

CHAPTER EXTRACTIONS

The youth riots at the beginning of the 80s

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29209                           

Uninhibited desire to be liberated from all constraints https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29211             

Drug trips in Spain, Morocco, Portugal,

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29213                                         

Contrasts in Sengegal, Poland and London

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29217                                         

South Africa: In the fight against apartheid underground https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29219             

In the swirl of Swiss political scandals

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29909                                                       

Apartheid: The pitch black chapter of Switzerland https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29391                           

Visit to the Bushmen in the Okavango Delta

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29221                           

The Bushmen, whose life will soon be history https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29604                           

Niklaus Meienberg and the

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29223                                                                     

On the aircraft carrier US John Rodgers

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29229                                         

Initant of the Calypso & Steeldrum Festival

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29225                                         

Grenada: On the aircraft carrier „US John Rodgers“ https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29229             

Mandela’s visit to Switzerland

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29233                                                       

Always socially committed and ecologically intervening https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29235                           

Social and political engagement in Switzerland

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29223                           

Maldives 93: The first signs of climate change https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29237             

Among the handicapped orangutans in Borneo https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29239                           

Adventure in Mexico

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29241                                                                                   

Hell trip in Colombia in the service of Swissair https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29820                           

Climate change: Foundation of the Tourism & Environment Forum https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29243

Australia

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29231                                                                                                 

Highlights in Brazil

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29227                                                                                   

With the Bedouins in Sinai

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29361                                                                     

Lebanon: In Beirut in the Palestinian refugee camp https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29363             

Visiting the Iranian Embassy in Bern

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29679                                         

India: shortly before Moody’s election in Gujart

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29677                                         

Namibia: Interteam mission and HIV project Oa Hera https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29672             

India: shortly before Moodi’s election in Gujarat

https://www.allmytraveltips.ch/?p=29677             

CHAPTER EXTRACTIONS

Online book excerpts in an overview   /  print publication overview

The youth unrest at the beginning of the 80s   /  Uninhibited desire to be free from all constraints

Drug trips in Spain, Morocco, Portugal 

Contrasts in Sengegal, Poland and London

South Africa: In the fight against apartheid underground 

Apartheid: The pitch-black chapter of Switzerland

In the swirl of Swiss political scandals     /    With Niklaus Meienberg at the asylum reception center

Visit to the Bushmen in the Okavango Delta   /  The Bushmen, whose lives will soon be history

Grenada 94: On the aircraft carrier US John Rodgers             

1993: Initant of the Calypso & Steeldrum Festival                            

1994: Mandela’s visit to Switzerland             

Always socially committed and environmentally intervened / Social and political commitment in Switzerland                           

Maldives 93: The First Signs of Climate Change 

Borneo 96: Among the handicapped orangutans in Borneo             

Mexico: Easter processions and Indian uprisings

Colombia: a hell of a trip in the service of Swissair                           

Climate change:  Foundation of the Tourism & Environment Forum                            

Australia and South Seas highlights:                            

Highlights in Brazil

Egypt 2004: With the Bedouins in Sinai

Lebanon 2006: In Beirut in the Palestinian refugee camp

Iran-Switzerland: Visiting the Iranian Embassy in Bern

India: Just before Moody’s election in Gujart

Namibia: Interteam EZA deployment and HIV project Oa Hera

1

End times: The Sixth Mass Extinction has begun – are we going down with it?

Australia: A big bush fire due to the dryness due tot he global climate change

FOREWORD

The author, Gerd Michael Müller, born in Zürich in 1962, traveled as a photo-journalist to more than 50 nations and lived in seven countries, including in the underground in South Africa during apartheid. In the 80 years he was a political activist at the youth riots in Zürich. Then he was involved in pioneering Wildlife & eco projects in Southern Africa and humanitarian projects elsewhere in the world. As early as 1993, Müller reported on the global climate change and in 1999 he founded the «Tourism & Environment Forum Switzerland». Through his humanitarian missions he got to know Nelson Mandela, the Dalai Lama and other figures of light. His book is an exciting mixture of political thriller, crazy social stories and travel reports – the highlights of his adventurous, wild nomadic life for reportage photography .

(please note that translation corrections are still in progress and images will follow soon)

According to the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution, a dramatic insect extinction is occurring with serious consequences for the ecosystem and human societies. Forecasts show that we will lose over a million animal species in the next few years, and many species will be so decimated in their populations that they will no longer matter. With maximum impact on humans: The destruction of the rainforests as well as the loss of biodiversity of the native fauna and flora will lead to an increased incidence of e.g. Lyme disease. It has been proven that with less small mammal biodiversity, there is a higher Borrelia load in the ticks. Due to climate warming with hotter and drier summers, more and more pandemics are emerging in the temperate zones as a result of the loss of biodiversity.

On a 20 percent of the earth’s surface, 80 percent of the biodiversity hot spots of all species are found in the tropics. One of the most comprehensive studies by Anthony Warden of the University of Cambridge, in which around 100 economists worldwide examined how the global economy benefits from nature, found that if 30 percent of the earth’s surface were protected with the most important protected areas, then the benefits of protecting these areas outweigh the costs by a ratio of 1:5. This means that if we invest one euro in protection, we gain four euros in the long term. But it will be a long time before this realization is accepted in the lowlands of the resource-intensive economy. It is simply incomprehensible that, despite all the findings that were already available in the early 1990s, and at the latest in 1997 with the „IPPC“ report, and which proved the lonely callers in the desert right, hardly any effective measures were taken or consistently implemented.

Between 1961 and 1990 alone, temperatures had already risen by two degrees Celsius, while the global average had risen by only 0.6 percent. The predictions at the time for the Alpine region ranged up to five degrees more in the next 30 years. Fittingly for the „Kyoto Summit“ in December 1997, „El-Nino“ swirled through the headlines and with it animals dying of thirst in Australia, fields submerged in mud in Malaysia, forest fires in Indonesia and elsewhere. The warning could not have been clearer enough. As recently as 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit, politicians had promised to protect the climate system for today and future generations. But the development went in the opposite direction. The „Easy Jet Generation“ was just rolling or flying in, everyone was jetting off to London or New York for a few days of shopping, to Ibiza for „raves“ etc. and to Milan to buy a pair of shoes. Suddenly a plane ticket to London cost less than the train ride from Zurich to Bern or Geneva. A catastrophic turn of events that still does not bode well. Air traffic should finally be taxed internationally.

We, the supposedly „clean“ Swiss, and our German neighbors, who are almost on a par with us, are world champions in consumption, waste and CO2 emissions. Switzerland has made it to fourth place on the world ranking list of polluters and CO2 emitters, but we have exported our large footprint abroad. Thus the civilization garbage of our over all mass consuming and resources squandering society from the origin to the destruction is banished from our eyes and our environment. One of the dirtiest industries, the textile industry and other polluting productions have been moved to China, Vietnam and Bangladesh in the last decades. CO-2 emissions are thus largely outsourced to structurally weak or human rights-denying regions. My climate“ compensation certificates and similar instruments have been created to ease our consciences, but not to alleviate the situation.

Our balance sheet is by no means good and clean but simply miserable. It is only now, in November 2020, that the Federal Council has presented the consultation documents for the „Sustainable Development Strategy“ (SDS), and they are once again an indictment of „clean“ Switzerland. The record of showcase Switzerland looks even worse when the economic factors of the largest off-shore financial center are taken into account. At the end of 2019, Swiss banks managed a quarter of the world’s assets. A whopping 3742.7 billion Swiss francs. But the immense assets are hardly invested in sustainable projects. On the contrary. The goldmine and tax haven Switzerland favors and protects hundreds of potent headquarters of multinational corporations and contributes massively to the outflow of private wealth from developing countries and thus to the global redistribution from the bottom to the top. The exploitation and greed knows no limits, not even in times of Covid-19. On the contrary, it favors the global techno-giants and super-rich. And this big shadow falls back on Switzerland. No matter how white we wash the image and how beautiful we tell ourselves or preach to others!

In this country, too, biodiversity, waters, glaciers and air pollutants are in a bad way. The „My-Climate“ CO2 compensation business is pure eyewash and helps no one if we constantly increase our consumption and the waste of resources instead of drastically reducing and do not radically rethink our throwaway society. In accounting terms, more than 30 million tons of CO2 (instead of being emitted on Swiss soil) would have to be saved outside the country’s borders. This will not only cost several billions, but is also economically and ecologically nonsensical. These amounts for the CO2 reductions not achieved domestically will be missed by the economy. The „decarbonization of society“ will not progress one millimeter in this way, the dependency and mess would become bigger and bigger, simply because of the increasing population density. Now the thin protective layer in the atmosphere is not worth a penny in the free market economy, it costs nothing and to pollute it also not.

The mineral resources are exploited mercilessly. The young and the next generation will be stunned to realize that in the consumption frenzy after the oil crisis in 1975 and especially since the beginning of the 1990s, we have burned almost as much gas, coal and oil as in a million years of earth’s history before. And this, although the sun has always sent 10’000 times more energy to the earth’s surface than man needs and mankind is not able to follow politically and even less to act adequately, despite scientific knowledge. The garbage dump of mankind is meanwhile not only visible in the most distant regions and in the oceans, on and under the sea surface equally recognizable. Fortunately, we cannot yet see all the junk in space by eye. And as we know, this is only the tip of the iceberg. Micro-plastics, nanoparticles and pesticide toxins have long since reached groundwater and the food chain, where they cause further damage to health and great suffering.

It is extremely regrettable, but not surprising, that the Swiss population in 2021 has rejected both the drinking water and the pesticide initiatives, as well as the CO2 initiatives. So it may continue to be sprayed for all it’s worth, which makes the farmers happy. Nature-based farmers and organic farmers have also opposed it. All right, the Covid-19 crisis has diminished the appetite for new restrictions and new innovations. But the Swiss economy as a whole got off lightly, except for certain circles such as the tourism, catering and event industries, but they were also well compensated.

Borneo 96: Stalking through the jungle with handicapped Orang Utang

Malysia/Borneo: A handicaped young orang utan at the reha station in Sepilok, Sarawak

FOREWORD

The author, Gerd Michael Müller, born in Zürich in 1962, traveled as a photo-journalist to more than 50 nations and lived in seven countries, including in the underground in South Africa during apartheid. In the 80 years he was a political activist at the youth riots in Zürich. Then he was involved in pioneering Wildlife & eco projects in Southern Africa and humanitarian projects elsewhere in the world. As early as 1993, Müller reported on the global climate change and in 1999 he founded the «Tourism & Environment Forum Switzerland». Through his humanitarian missions he got to know Nelson Mandela, the Dalai Lama and other figures of light. His book is an exciting mixture of political thriller, crazy social stories and travel reports – the highlights of his adventurous, wild nomadic life for reportage photography .

(please note that translation corrections are still in progress and images will follow soon)

In 1996 I made a trip to Malaysia to celebrate 50 years of independence from the British crown and after the state celebration with all Asian heads of state, I first traveled around Malaysia by car for ten days and visited Taman Negara National Park in the rainforest. The country’s fascinating charms range from dreamlike beaches on the islands of Lankawi and Tioman in the north on the Thai border, to cultural strongholds such as Penang or daring climbing tours on Mount Kinabalu, or even the wildlife paradises in the two national parks of Niah and Gunung-Mulu. After the round trip through Malaysia and the side trip to Langkawi I flew to Borneo and landed in Sarawak with the aim to explore the situation of forest clearing for palm oil production, the thereby threatening situation of the head hunters and the destroyed habitat of the Orang Utan.

At Lake Batang Ai in Sarawak on Borneo I started the expedition into the rainforest and hired a guide with a dugout canoe to lead me to the Iban Headhunters living here. After two days‘ travel from Lake Batang Ai, paddling a canoe upstream through a sea of deforested tropical tribes flowing downstream, I ended up in one of these remote longhouse villages. The days of decapitating intruders with the parang, the dreaded long knife, and hanging the grisly trophies in the form of shrunken mini-skulls from the beams of the longhouses are thankfully over. But I have yet to see such shrunken skulls, and I don’t want to end up that way.

The longhouses of the head hunters are built on stilts, up to 100 meters long and have a continuous wide corridor leading to a longitudinal veranda. In the longhouse, one dwelling is then lined up next to the other. So that everyone knows what the other of the clan is doing. Unfortunately, due to my lack of language skills, it was very awkward to have conversations with the headhunters about their traditions and way of life, since no one understood English. Communication was only through sign language, observation and a „low-level“ communication. In the hallway, which is a good five meters wide, talented Iban women sit and weave elaborate bast mats, shape vessels out of clay, or sit at a loom while older men and women supervise the children. In the evenings, the younger men join them, drink their tuak (palm wine) and tell stories about hunting, field work or their work on the plantations.

Unfortunately, after a short time I came down with malaria, which laid me completely flat. Although I had swallowed some „Lariam“ tablets, I still felt very bad. Shaken by fever cramps and checkmate, I lay around for three days like a dead fly in the „longhouse“ of the headhunters, before I could go back by dugout canoe to a jungle camp that had a radio station. There I tried with Switzerland over the radio connection and the telephone handset held elsewhere to the radio, to take up contact with my family. When then at home in Switzerland the tape recorder instead of a connection came, because it was there in the middle of the night, I said only briefly that I wanted to say goodbye, because I would probably not survive the night. After that, I lay down outside under the starry night sky, shaken by more bouts of fever. I wanted to die at least in the open air and not in the tiny, stuffy wooden hut in which I had been quartered.

What happened now was unique and should shake my distinctive sense of reality fundamentally. Whether it was only halucinations or whether I was actually brought back from the ascension, is not clear to me until today. In any case my astral body took off and then I saw purely optically already the stars with comet-like rapid speed coming towards me and felt pulled weightlessly up into the orbit and glided so to speak like the spaceship „Enterprise“ which jetted with light speed through the orbit towards the starry sky. But since the stars cannot come toward me, I realized that I probably took off like an angel and now raced toward the sparkling firmament, unless my fevered brain was doing its antics and hallunzigone vision with me. Either way the journey to the stars was as exciting as it was enlightening. Shortly thereafter, a scream and screech rang in my ears and I heard my daughter and her mother howling in horrified tones, but not understanding any of their words. „What the hell are they doing up here,“ I thought for a moment, and then my little daughter’s voice occupied my mind so much that my light-speed flight to the stars abruptly lost momentum and I completed a loop back to Earth, telling myself that the time to depart had not yet come, since there were two people who needed me. So I swallowed three more „Lariam“ tablets and had now reached the dose for an elephant, as a tropical doctor told me a few days later. But after that it slowly went uphill again.

With the help of the jungle camp residents I got back on my feet after two days, traveled on to Kota Kinabalu to the Orang Utan Rehabilitation Station in Sepilok and arrived just at the right time, because at 11:00 a.m. the feeding of the Orang Utan was taking place from a platform about two kilometers further in the forest interior. Two groups of tourists had already started walking before me on the wooden walkway that leads a good two meters above ground into the rainforest to the large visitor platform and the two feeding places in the trees behind it. As I slowly approach the scene with my telephoto lens and recognize the young orangutans on the feeding areas, as well as the adult orangutan hanging from the wire rope that was stretched between the two feeding areas, I also heard the shouts of individual visitors who wanted to persuade the large orangutan to turn around, as he cheekily stuck his butt out at all of us. The isolated calls bounced off his butt. As a photographer, I was also interested in the fat guy showing us his face. So I emitted a few loud grunts, as I had heard them before, and apparently hit the right note. And lo and behold, in no time the orangutan turned around, showed his smacking face and looked curiously over at us. Perfect: „Ready for the photo shoot?“ Click, click, click.

After that, I watched as the babies got their food and gobbled it down, then abruptly disappeared back into the trees. But I wanted to get back to the rehab station before the others after the feeding, so I made my way back down the dock before the others. As I tried to sneak past a young handicapped orangutan, with a chopped off but already healed arm, lying backwards on the walkway and thus blocking the passage, he grabbed me by the lower leg. What was I supposed to do? When I wanted to gently release his hand that was clutching my leg, he simply grabbed me by the wrist, whereupon we both, the young orangutan and the still feverish and sweaty photographer ran hand in hand through the jungle to the station. That was a wonderful feeling. The orangutan could have taken me right up into the treetops with his buddies. That didn’t work, but I made a damn good appearance in the rehabilitation ward when we arrived there, still hand in hand, like good old friends, to talk to the ward manager.

My report about the „endangered“ apes was well received in the Swiss media and besides seven daily newspapers that printed the report, also the „Brückenbauer“ with a circulation of millions published the story with an appeal for donations, whereupon several tens of thousands of Swiss Francs were donated and benefited the Orang Utan Rehab Station in Sepilok. The apes became known through the Swiss environmental and human rights activist Bruno Manser, who vehemently campaigned for the indigenous people of the rainforest, the former head hunters, and then disappeared without a trace and was possibly murdered by the „timber mafia“, to whom he was a thorn in the flesh.

Bruno Manser from Appenzell lived in Borneo from 1984 to 1990, making records of the fauna and flora of the tropical rainforest and learning the language and culture of the Penan, a nomadic people group on Borneo, and living with them. In 1990 he had to flee to Switzerland after he was expelled by the Malaysian government and declared an „undesirable person“. A bounty of 50000 dollars was also placed on his head. In 1993, Manser participated in a fasting action and. a hunger strike in front of the Federal Parliament in Bern to protest against the import of tropical timber. In 2000, despite an entry ban and a bounty on his head, he traveled from the Indonesian part of Borneo (Kalimantan) across the green border into the Malaysian Sarawak to the Penan and was never seen again. Since then, Bruno Manser has been considered missing and was officially declared dead in 2005.

The orang utan, the „forest man“ in Malay, has been threatened with extinction since the mid-1960s. Despite international species protection agreements, at that time still extremely restrictive trade agreements and the two capture and rehabilitation stations on Semengho in Sarawak and Sepilok in Sabah on the Malaysian island of Borneo, the close relatives of Homo Sapiens are more acutely endangered than ever. Greed for tropical timber and palm oil is destroying their habitat, the primary forest. The destruction of their refuges has left them isolated in small groups. The clear-cutting of the rainforest destroys not only the material but also the spiritual basis of existence of many primitive peoples, because the imagination of the Orang Ulu, Melanau, Kenzah and Kajan tribes assumes that their ancestors live on as birds, insects or animals in their native environment. Thus, with each tree cutting, the cultural heritage is desecrated and mercilessly destroyed. And by far the largest segment of the population in Sarawak, the Bidayuh rice farmers believe in the symbiosis of the human and plant life cycle and believe that after their death, people return to earth as drops of water that fertilize the soil and give life.

Kapitelübersicht der Auszüge aus dem Buch des Zürcher Fotojournalisten Gerd Michael Müller

VORWORT:

Das Buch des Zürcher Foto-Journalisten Gerd Michael Müller nimmt Sie ab den wilden 80er Jahren mit auf eine spannende Zeitreise durch 30 Länder und 40 Jahre Zeitgeschichte mit Fokus auf mehrere politische und ökologische Vorgänge in Krisenregionen rund um den Globus. Er beleuchtet das Schicksal indigener Völker, zeigt die Zerstörung ihres Lebensraumes auf, rückt ökologische Aspekte und menschenliche Schicksale in den Vordergrund, analysiert scharfsichtig und gut informiert die politischen Transforma-tionsprozesse. Müller prangert den masslosen Konsum und die gnadenlose Ausbeutung der Ressourcen an, zeigt die Auswirkungen wirtschaftlicher, gesellschaftlicher und politischer Prozesse auf und skizziert Ansätze zur Bewältigung des Klimawandels. Pointiert hintergründig, spannend und erhellend. Eine Mischung aus globalem Polit-Thrillern, gehobener Reiseliteratur, gespickt mit sozialkritischen und abenteuerlichen Geschichten sowie persönlicher Essays – den Highlights und der Essenz seines abenteuerlich wilden Nomaden-Lebens für die Reportage-Fotografie. Nach der Lektüre dieses Buchs zählen Sie zu den kulturell, ökologisch sowie politisch versierten Globetrottern.

INHALTSVERZEICHNIS / KAPITELUBERSICHT

  1. KAPITEL:
Die Jugendunruhen und Politskandale zu Beginn der 80er Jahre     
Im Strudel Schweizer Politskandale 

2. KAPITEL:

Stationär im Sengegal, in Polen und in London                                                         

Südafrika: Im Kampf gegen die Apartheid im Untergrund    

Apartheid: Das rabenschwarze Kapitel der Schweiz         

3. KAPITEL   

1994: Mandelas Besuch in der Schweiz         

 93/94: IKRK-Einsätze im «ANC-IFP»-Bürgerkrieg 

2011: Gadaffis Gadaffis Billions disapeared inZumas und Ramaphos hands

2017: Gupta-Leaks: Wie indische Kleptokraten dank Zuma Südafrika plünderte                               

Botswana: MIt den Khoi-San durch das Okavango-Delta streifen

Die Buschmänner, deren Leben bald Geschichte ist

Kenya: Nach ethnischen Konflikten in der IKRK-Mission in Eldoret

Namibia 2013: Entwicklungshilfe, HIV-Schulen und im Reich der Geparde

KARIBIK/LATEINAMERIKA

Grenada 94: Zum Frühstück auf dem Flugzeugträger US John Rodgers

1993: Lebenslust & Protest zu Calypsoklängen in London und Trinidad

Stets sozial engagiert und ökologisch interveniert

Soziales und politisches Engagement in der Schweiz

Mexico: Osterprozessionen und Indioaufstände

Kolumbien: Höllentrip in im Dienste der Swissair 

Highlights in Brasilien

ASIEN

Sri Lanka 1992: Die Perle des Orients nach dem Bürgerkrieg

Malediven 93: Die ersten Anzeichen des Klimawandels

Borneo 96: Spaziergang mit handicapierten Orang Utans

Philippines 95: Auf den Spuren der Geistheiler

2013: Abenteuerliche Flussreise im Norden Laos

Magische Mekong Cruise durch die Mäander der 4000 Inseln

Mauritius: Symphonie in Türkis und Weiss mit den weltbesten Spa-Resorts

Komoren: Die Parfüminseln tauchen aus der Versenkung empor

Der Klimawandel das Tourismus & Umwelt Forum Schweiz

Artensterben & Pandemien: Werden wir das überleben?

Endzeit: Das sechste Massensterbern hat begonnen, gehen wir mit unter?

Die Dürren in Europa sind hausgemachte EU-Agrarsubventionspolitik

Chronologie guter Absichten und jahrzehntelangem Versagens      

Schmetterlingseffekte: Hedge Fonds potenzieren Kriege und den Klimawandel

Ohne radikalen Paradigmenwechsel schaufeln wir unser eigenes Grab

Aegypten 2004: Bei den Beduinen im Sinai

Libanon 2006: In Beirut im Palästinenser-Flüchtlingscamp

Irans Drogenpolitik: Scheinheilige Repression und kafkaeske Bevormundung

Ein Blick hinter die Kulissen der iranischen Botschaft in Bern

Australiens fantastischen Naturparadiese und die dreckige Kohleindustrie

Opalsucher in Coober Pedy: «Die Hoffnung lebt im Untergrund»

Südsee-Highlights: Bora Bora, Huhine, Moorea, Tetiaroa 

(A)soziale Medien, Big Data, KI, Whistleblower und disruptive Medienmogule              

Die Rolle aller Medien und Quellen kritisch hinterfragen und Konsequenzen ziehen

Missbrauch, Misstrauen, Medien und Machtmonopole

Der Fluch von Big Data und unsere vorsätzliche Fahrlässigkeit im Umgang damit

Mensch oder Maschine: Wer übernimmt das Kommando?

Whistleblower werden bestraft und gefoltert, die Massenmörder laufen frei

Bei den Kopfjägern und Orang Utans in Borneo

Auszug aus dem Buch des Zürcher Fotojournalisten Gerd Michael Müller

VORWORT

Dieses Buch des Zürcher Foto-Journalisten Gerd Michael Müller nimmt Sie ab den wilden 80er Jahren mit auf eine spannende Zeitreise durch 30 Länder und 40 Jahre Zeitgeschichte mit Fokus auf viele politische Hot-Spots und Krisenregionen. Er beleuchtet das Schicksal der indigenen Völker, zeigt die Zerstörung ihres Lebensraumes auf und rückt ökologische Aspekte und menschenrechtliche Schicksale in den Vordergrund. Er prangert den masslosen Konsum und die gnadenlose Ausbeutung der Resourcen an, zeigt die Schmetterlingseffekte der Hedge Funds und Auswirkungen wirtschaftlicher, gesellschaftlicher und politischer Prozesse auf und skizziert Ansätze zur Bewältigung des Klimawandels. Sein Buch ist eine spannende Mischung aus gehobener Reiseliteratur und globalem Polit-Thriller, gespickt mit abenteuerlichen Geschichten – den Highlights seines abenteuerlich wilden Nomaden-Lebens für die Reportage-Fotografie eben.

Der Orang Utan, auf malayisch der „Waldmensch“, ist seit Mitte der 60er Jahre vom Aussterben bedroht. Trotz internationaler Artenschutzabkommen, damals noch äusserst restriktiven Handelsabkommen und den beiden Rehabilitationsstationen auf  Semengho in Sarawak und Sepilok in Sabah auf der malayischen Insel Borneo sind die nahen Verwandten des Homo Sapiens akut gefährtet. Die Gier nach Tropenholz und Palmöl zerstören ihren Lebensraum, den Primärwald. Durch die Vernichtung ihrer Refugien sind sie heute in kleinen Gruppen isoliert. Bekannt sind die Menschenaffen durch den Schweizer Umwelt- und Menschenrecht-Aktivisten Bruno Manser geworden, der sich vehement für die Ureinwohner des Regenwaldes, die einstigen Kopfjäger, eingesetzt hat und dann spurlos verschwand und möglicherweise von der „Holzmafia“ ermordet wurde, denen er ein Dorn im Auge war.

1996 ging die Reise nach Malaysia zur Feier der 50 jährigen Unabhängigkeit von der britischen Krone und nach der Staatsfeier mit allen asiatischen Staatschefs flog ich nach Borneo und landete in Sarawak. Ziel war es, die Situation der Waldrodung für die Palmölgewinnung und die Lage der Orang Utan, deren Lebensraum zerstört wurde, zu erkunden. Beim Lake Batang Ai» startete ich die Expedition in den Regenwald und mietete einen Führer mit Einbaumboot der mich zu den hier lebenden Iban Headhunters, also zu den Kopfjägern führen sollte. Nach zwei Tagesreisen vom Lake Batang Ai aus mit einem Kanu Flussaufwärts durch das Meer der schwimmenden Tropenstämme, landete ich dann in so einem Langhaus-Dorf. Diese Langhäuser sind auf Stelzen gebaut, bis zu 100 Meter lang und haben einen durchgehenden breiten Gang der zur Längsveranda führt. Im Langhaus ist dann eine Wohnung neben der anderen angereiht. Damit jeder weiss, was der andere der Sippe macht.

Leider war es sehr umständlich, mit den Headhuntern Gespräche über ihre Traditionen und Lebensweise zu führen, da niemand Englisch verstand. Also ging alles nur über Beobachten und eine «Low-level» Kommunikation. Zudem erkrankte ich an Malaria, die mich komplett flach legte. Zwar hatte ich einige «Lariam»-Tabletten geschluckt, aber es ging mir immer noch sehr schlecht. Von Fieberkrämpfen geschüttelt und schachmatt. Nach drei Tagen im «Longhaus» der Kopfjäger herumliegend, fuhr ich mit dem Einbaum retour zu einem Dschungelcamp, das über eine Funkstation verfügte.

Dort versuchte ich mit der Schweiz eine über die Funkverbindung und dem ans Funkgerät gehalten Telefonhörer, mit meiner Familie Kontakt aufzunehmen. Als zu Hause in der Schweiz das Tonbandgerät statt einer Verbindung zustande kam, weil es dort mitten in der Nacht war, sagte ich nur kurz, dass ich mich verabschieden wolle, weil ich die Nacht wohl nicht mehr überleben würde. Danach legte ich mich von weiteren Fieberschüben durchgeschüttelt draussen unter den nächtlichen Sternenhimmel hin. Ich wollte wenigstens im Freien sterben und nicht in der winzigen und stickigen Bretterbude, in der man mich einquartiert hatte.

Was nun geschah war einzigartig und sollte meinen ausgeprägten Realitätssinn fundamental erschüttern. Ob es nur Halunzinationen waren oder ob ich tatsächlich von der Himmelfahrt zurückgeholt wurde, ist mir bis heute nicht klar. Jedenfalls hob mein Astralkörper ab und dann sah ich rein optisch schon die Sterne mit kometenhaft rasender Geschwindigkeit auf mich zukommen und fühlte mich schwerelos in den Orbit hoch gezogen und gleitete sozusagen wie das Raumschiff «Enterprise», das mit Lichtgeschwindigkeit durch den Orbit düste, dem Sternenhimmel entgegen. Aber da die Sterne ja nicht auf mich zukommen können, wurde mir klar, dass ich wohl wie ein Engel abgehoben bin und nun dem funkelnden Firmament entgegen raste, es sei denn, mein fieberndes Hirn treibe seine Mätzchen und hallunzigone Vision mit mir. So oder so die Reise zu den Sternen verlief ebenso spannend wie erleuchtend.

Kurz darauf erscholl ein Schrei und Kreischen in meinen Ohren und ich hörte meine Tochter und ihre Mutter in entsetzten Tönen heulen, verstand aber keines ihrer Worte. „Was zum Teufel wollen die denn hier oben“, dachte ich einen Moment lang und dann beschäftigte mich die Stimme meiner kleinen Tochter so sehr, dass mein Lichtgeschwindigkeit-Flug zu den Sternen jäh an Fahrt verlor und ich eine Schlaufe zurück zur Erde vollzog und mir sagte, dass die Zeit, abzutreten, noch nicht gekommen ist, da es ja zwei Menschen gibt, die mich brauchen. Also schluckte ich noch drei «Lariam»-Tabletten und hatte nun die Dosis für einen Elefanten erreicht, wie mir ein Tropenmediziner einige Tage später sagte. Doch ging es danach langsam wieder bergauf.

Mit Hilfe der Dschungelcamp-Bewohner kam ich nach zwei Tagenwieder auf die Füsse und reiste weiter nach Kota Kinabalu zur Orang Utan Rehabilitationsstation in Sepilok und kam gerade zur rechten Zeit, weil um 11.00 Uhr die Fütterung der Orang Utan von einer Plattform ungefähr zwei Kilometer weiter im Waldesinnern stattfand. Zwei Touristengruppen waren schon vor mir auf dem Holzsteg losmarschiert, der gut zwei Meter über Boden in den Regenwald zur grossen Besucherplattform und den dahinter befindlichen zwei Fütterungsplätze in den Bäumen rein führte.

Als ich mit meinem Teleobjektiv langsam auf die Szenerie zukomme und die jungen Orang Utans auf den Fütterungsplätzen, als auch den ausgewachsenen Orang Utan an dem Drahtseil hängend erkenne, das zwischen den beiden Fütterungsplätzen gespannt war, hörte ich auch die Rufe einzelner Besucher, die den grossen Orang Utan dazu bewegen wollten, sich umzudrehen, da er uns allen nur seinen Hintern entgegen reckte. Die vereinzelten Rufe waren vergeblich. Als Fotograf war ich ebenfalls interessiert, dass der fette Kerl uns sein Antlitz zeigt. So stiess ich ein paar laute Grunzlaute aus, wie ich sie schon gehört hatte und traf offenbar den richtigen Ton. Und siehe da, im Nu drehte sich der Orang Utan um und sah neugierig zu uns rüber. Perfekt: „Ready fürs Foto-Shooting!“ Klick, klick, klick.

Danach sah ich zu, wie die Babies ihre Nahrung bekamen und verschlangen und dann wieder abrupt in den Bäumen verschwanden. Doch wollte ich nach der Fütterung vor den anderen wieder zurück in der Reha-Station sein und machte mich deshalb vor den anderen auf den Rückweg auf dem Steg. Als ich an einem jungen handicapierter Orang Utan, mit einem abgehackten, aber schon verheilten Arm vorbeischleichen wollte, der rücklings auf dem Steg lag und so den Durchgang blockierte, packte er mich am Unterschenkel. Was sollte ich tun? Als ich seine Hand, die mein Bein umklammerte, sachte lösen wollte, packte er mich einfach am Handgelenk, worauf wir beide, der junge Orang Utan und der immer noch fiebernde und verschwitze Fotograf Hand in Hand durch den Urwald bis zur Station liefen. Das war ein herrliches Gefühl. Der Orang Utan hätte mich gleich mit hinauf in die Baumkronen zu seinen Kumpanen mitnehmen können. Das ging zwar nicht, dafür hatte ich aber einen verdammt guten Auftritt in der Reha-Station, als wir immer noch Hand in Hand, wie gute alte Freunde dort eintrafen, um mit dem Stations-Leiter zu sprechen.

Meine Reportage über die «bedrohten» Menschenaffen kam hernach in den Schweizer Medien gut an und nebst sieben Tageszeitungen, die den Bericht abdruckten, publizierte auch der «Brückenbauer» mit Millionenauflage damals die Story mit einem Spendenaufruf, worauf einige zehntausend Franken gespendet wurden und der Orang Utan Reha Station in Sepilok zu Gute kamen. Bekannt sind die Menschenaffen durch den Schweizer Umwelt- und Menschenrecht-Aktivisten Bruno Manser geworden, der sich vehement für die Ureinwohner des Regenwaldes, die einstigen Kopfjäger, eingesetzt hat und dann spurlos verschwand und möglicherweise von der „Holzmafia“ ermordet wurde, denen er ein Dorn im Auge war.

Der Appenzeller Bruno Manser lebte von 1984 bis 1990 auf Borneo, machte Aufzeichnungen über die Fauna und Flora des tropischen Regenwaldes und lernte die Sprache und Kultur der Penan, einer NomadenVolksgruppe auf Borneo kennen und lebte mit ihnen zusammen. 1990 musste er in die Schweiz fliehen, nachdem er von der malaysischen Regierung ausgewiesen und zur „unerwünschten Person“ erklärt wurde. Auch ein Kopfgeld von 50000 Dollar wurden auf ihn ausgesetzt. 1993 beteiligte sich Manser an einer Fastenaktion und. einem Hungerstreik vor dem Bundeshaus in Bern zum Protest gegen den Import von Tropenholz. Im Jahr 2000 reiste er trotz Einreiseverbot und ausgesetztem Kopfgeld vom indonesischen Teil Borneos (Kalimantan) über die grüne Grenze in das malaysische Sarawak zu den Penan und ward nie mehr gesehen. Seither gilt Bruno Manser als verschollen und wurde 2005 amtlich für tot erklärt.

Der Orang Utan, auf malaiisch der „Waldmensch“, ist seit Mitte der 60er Jahre vom Aussterben bedroht. Trotz internationaler Artenschutzabkommen, damals noch äusserst restriktiven Handelsabkommen und den beiden Auffang- und Rehabilitationsstationen auf Semengho in Sarawak und Sepilok in Sabah auf der malaiischen Insel Borneo sind die nahen Verwandten des Homo Sapiens akuter den je gefährtet. Die Gier nach Tropenholz und Palmöl zerstören ihren Lebensraum, den Primärwald. Durch die Vernichtung ihrer Refugien sind sie heute in kleinen Gruppen isoliert. Der Kahlschlag des Regenwaldes vernichtet nicht nur die materielle sondern auch die geistige Existenzgrundlage vieler Naturvölker, weil die Vorstellung der Orang Ulu, Melanau, Kenzah und Kajan-Stämme davon ausgehen, dass ihre Ahnen als Vögel, Insekten oder Tiere in der heimischen Umgebung weiterleben. Somit wird mit jedem Baumschlag das kulturelle Erbe entweiht und erbarmungslos vernichtet. Und der weitaus grösste Bevölkerungsteil in Sarawak, die Bidayuh-Reisbauern glauben an die Symbiose des menschlichen und pflanzlichen Lebenszyklus und glauben daran, dass die Menschen nach ihrem Tod als Wassertropfen auf die Erde zurückkehren, welche die Böden befruchten und Leben spenden.

The timber industry is very activ and destructiv in Borneo and works together with the palm oil industry. © GMC Photopress

Wie sieht die Situation heute aus? Der Lebensraum der Menschenaffen hat sich weiter drastisch reduziert und so ist auch ihr Bestand nicht gewachsen sondern wurde weiter dezimiert. Zwar haben Genomiker an Universität in Zürich kürzlich eine neue Art auf Sumatra entdeckt, den Tapanuli-Orang Utan, deren Refugium in den zerklüfteten Bergen der Region Batang Toru in Indonesien liegt. Ein erschossener Orang Utan in Raja wurde näher untersucht und von den Wissenschaftlern als neue Art eingestuft. Sie wird zugleich aber auch die Art sein, die am schnellsten wieder auf dem Primatenradar verschwinden wird.

Die geschätzten 800 Primaten sind, wie auf Borneo auch hier in Indonesien von Waldrodungen für Palmölplantagen, Zersiedlung und von einem Staudamm-Projekt betroffen. Und nicht nur sie sterben lautlos aus. Auch viele andere Spezies gehen unter. Eine Million Arten sind in den nächsten Jahrzehnten vom Aussterben bedroht. Dies ist das vernichtende Fazit des «Weltbiodiversitätsrates» (IPBES) von 2019. Reptilien und Vögel haben es schwer, aber auch immer mehr Säugetiere sterben aus. 540 Landwirbelarten wurden im 20 Jahrhundert ausgerottet. Die meisten im asiatischen Raum.

Die Schweiz hat gerade eben mit Indonesien ein umstrittenes Wirtschaftsabkommen abgeschlossen und setzt dabei im Abkommen auf «RSPO»-Standards, die in Zusammenarbeit mit Unternehmen, Umweltorganisationen und Hilfswerken entstanden war. Gemäss dem Verordnungsentwurf würden Zertifizierungen nach vier Standards geprüft. Neben dem «Round table on sustainabel Palm Oil» (RSPO), dem «Standard ISCC Plus» (International Sustainability and Carbon Certification) und der sogenannten «POIG» (Palm Oil Innovation Group). Doch damit werden weder die Abholzung noch Staudamm-Projekte gestoppt und auch der Lebensraum der Orang Utan und vieler anderer Spezies ist weiterhin dem Untergang geweiht. Ein Abkommen mit Nachhaltigkeitszielen ist zwar ein kleiner Fortschritt, ändert aber leider nichts an der Tatsache, dass der Raubbau weiter geht und es zu wenig Schutzgebiete gibt, denn der Bedarf an Palmöl ist extrem gestiegen und steigt weiter.

Entsprechend wuchs auch die Anbaufläche, die durch die Rodung des Primärwaldes zustande kam. Seit 2008 ist die Fläche dafür jährlich um 0,7 Millionen Hektaren angestiegen, eine Fläche viermal so gross wie der Kanton Zürich. Und der Bedarf wird sich bis 2050 voraussichtlich nochmals mehr als verdoppeln. Auf der Insel Borneo gehen 50 Prozent der Rodungen auf den Palmölanbau zurück. Im viel grösseren Indonesien sind es auch schon 20 Prozent. Es gibt zwar auch positive Anzeichen der «RSPO»-Zertifizierung, doch das Gros der Betriebe handeln nach dem Prinzip der Ökonomie der Grösse (70 Prozent) und nur ein Drittel werden über Kleinbauern und Kooperativen angebaut, womit das weitere Zerstörungspotential eminent hoch bleibt.

Sechs Prozent aller Tierarten befinden sich auf der Insel Borneo. Seit über 4000 Jahren werden die Regenwälder Borneos von den Indigenen bevölkert. Im Laufe der letzten 50 Jahren wurde knapp die Hälfte des Regenwaldes in Kalimantan, dem indonesischen Teil Borneos abgeholzt. Es gibt Tausende von Landkonflikten von indigenen Gemeinden gegen grosse Holzunternehmen, doch der Staat und die Justiz machen es der Bevölkerung schwer, an ihre Rechte heranzukommen und ihr Land gegen den Raubbau zu verteidigen.

Zwar gibt es seit 30 Jahren eine Konvention zum Schutz der Regenwälder, doch die wurde nie vom indonesischen Parlament ratifiziert und umgesetzt. Ausserdem ist zu beobachten, dass fast alle Politiker entweder ehemalige oder noch amtierende Holzindustrielle in Jakarta sind, wie Norman Jiwan von der NGO «TuK» berichtet. Und von der Palmölindustrie profitieren nur weniger als 30 der reichsten indonesischen Familien. Da die Rechte der indigenen Völker und ihre seit Jahrhunderten ökologisch genutzter Grundbesitz nicht annerkannt sind, kann die Holzindustrie schalten und walten wie sie will, notabene mit den notwendigen Papieren der Regierung.

Die Abnehmer der Holzfirmen sind auch die Eigentümer der Palmölindustrie-Betriebe, die so durch den Raubbau gleich doppelt verdienen, denn nur fünf Jahre nach dem Abholzen des Regenwaldes können schon erste Gewinne aus dem Palmölgeschäft vernbucht werden. Die Kleptokratie in Indonesien kennt keine Grenzen. Die Rechte der Indigenen Völker werden gnadenlos unterminiert, ihr Grundbesitz kaum oder ohne Entschädigung  enteignet. Ist der Urwald einmal gerodet kann die Regierung ihn problemlos als minderwertigen Wald bzw. landwirtschftliche Nutzfläche deklarieren und durch Lizenzen an die Palmölgesellschaften verpachten womit die lokalen Gemeinschaften so für immer ihre Rechte an eigenen Land verlieren. Die internationalen Profiteure nebst den indonesischen Firmen sind global Players wie «Nestle», «Cargill», «Unilever», «Procter & Gamble» usw..

Die Hafenstadt Samarinda an der Mündung des Flusses Mahakam, ideal gelegen um das Die Hafenstadt Samarinda an der Mündung des Flusses Mahakam, ist ideal gelegen um das „Grüne Gold“ nach Übersee zu verschiffen. Das lokale Sägewerk in Samarinda und die Holzfällerfirma sind «FSC»-zertifiziert. Viele streben die «FSC»-Zertifizierungen an und erhalten sie auch, obschon sie ihr Geschäft mit Landraub auf indigenen Gebieten rücksichtslos ausdehnen. Daher kann man den wenigsten Zertifizierungen Glauben schenken. Es ist reine Augenwischerei, darauf vertrauen zu wollen. Denn die Kontrolleure sogenannter Zertifizierungslabels sind private Firmen, die sich die nächsten Aufträge dadurch sichern wollen, dass sie möglichst viel und bedenkenlos zertifizieren, vermeldet die österreichische «Greenpeace-Sprecherin» Ursula Bittner. „Eines der grössten Probleme bei den Kontrollen sind die Akteure im Geschäft. Je lascher die Kontrollen sind, desto mehr Aufträge fliessen den Kontrolleuren zu“. Das führe zu wenigen und ungenügenden Kontrollen, zu Intransparenz, die kaum eine echte Ursprungs-Rückverfolgbarkeit zulassen, moniert «Greenpeace». Die Entscheidungen orientieren sich an der Industrie und der korrupten Politik. Auch Lukas Straumann vom «Bruno Manser Fond» in Basel bestätigt, dass die Korruption in Malaysia und in Indonesien weitverbreitet ist.

Tropisches Regenwald-Sperrholz gelangte so auch zu den Olympischen Spielen in Tokyo und wurden dort über die «Firma Sumitomo Forestry», die der wischtigste Holzlieferant für die Olympischen Spiele in den Stadien dafür gebraucht wurden, die Betonfundamente auszuformen, so .Hanna Heineken, Finanzexpertin von «Rainforest Action Network». Die japanische Regierung musste in der Folge zugeben, dass in allen Olympischen Stadien tropisches Regenwaldholz verbaut wurde, das aus zwielichtigen Quellen und von Firmen kam, die in Landkonflikte, Menschenrechtsverletzungen, Steuerbetrug, Lizenz-Betrug und viele andere Wirtschaftsdelikte involviert waren. Tja und wo ist der Sitz der Olympischen Gemeinde? In der Schweiz, in Lausanne. Und wie weit reicht die Verantwortung des Olympischen Kommitees. Nirgendwo hin. Die scheren sich offensichtlich keinen Deut um nachhaltige Spiele und sollten fortan in die Pflicht genommen werden.

Nun zur Fotostrecke:

Zur Publikationsübersicht nach Ländern

IN EIGENER SACHE: IHR BEITRAG AN HUMANITAERE UND OEKO-PROJEKTE

Geschätzte Leserin, werter Leser

Der Autor unterstützt noch immer zahlreiche Projekte. Infolge der COVID-19 Pandemie ist es aber für den Autor selbst für und zahlreiche Projekte schwieriger geworden. Die Situation hat sich verschärft. Für Ihre Spende, die einem der im Buch genannten Projekte zufliesst, bedanke ich mich. Falls Sie einen Beitrag spenden wollen, melden Sie sich bitte per Mail bei mir gmc1(at) gmx.ch. Vielen Dank im Namen der Empfänger/innen.

Publikationsübersicht nach Ländern

Hier finden Sie einige Publikationen des Fotojournalisten Gerd M. Müller. Einige Reportagen sind allerdings (noch) nicht verlinkt. Wir bitten Sie, dies zu entschuldigen.

ALGERIEN

Wüstenabenteuer: Im Land der versteinerten Träume (Vita Bella)                                    

AMAZONAS CRUISE VON PERU VIA GUYANA NACH CUBA

Brazil: Amazonas-cruiseship at sunset near the delta. © GMC

AmazonasCruise mit der MS-Bremen (Relax & Style) 

Amazonas: Der Fluss, der zum Meer wird und Millionen Menschen ernährt

Highlights in Brasilien und Amazonas Cruise-Expedition

Klimawandel: Die Chronologie des Versagens

 

ARGENTINIEN/PATAGONIEN

Argentina: The Glacier Perito Moreno at Lago Argentino in Patagonia is one of the very few around the world which is not melting so far. © GMC

Fast bis ans Ende der Welt  (St. Galler Tagblatt)

Argentinien: Das unberührte Ende (Basler Zeitung)

Pampa, Packeis und paarende Wale (Neue Luzerner Zeitung)

AUSTRALIEN

Australien: Kukulanji Aborigines zeigen im Tjapukai Cultural Village nahe Cairns Touristen wie man Feuer macht . A Kukulaji-Aborigines men in the Tjapukai Village near Cairns. © GMC

Australiens Top Spa’s und Gourmet-Lokale (Relax & Style) 

Die Opalschürfer von Coober-Pedy (Neue Luzerner Zeitung)

Die Hoffnung lebt im Untergrund (Solothurner Zeitung)                                   

Weltnaturerbe Fraser Island (Vita Bella)

Downunder kannst du was erleben (Vita Bella)

Australien-Spezial                                                                           

Australiens Lockruf zieht Schwärme nach Downunder                

Melbourne zur lebenswertesten Stadt der Welt gekürt

Abenteuerliches Australien und Evolutionsperlen

 

BRASILIEN

Gigantischen Sanddünden bei Jericoacoara im Nordosten / Giant sanddunes in Jericoacoara. © GMC
Abenteuer von den Anden bis zum Amazonas (Der Bund) BRA_AbenAmazon_Bund
Körperkult und Keuschheit

Highlights in Brasilien und Amazonas Cruise-Expedition

Amazonas: Der Fluss, der zum Meer wird und Millionen Menschen ernährt

Abenteuer Amazonas (Seereisen-Magzin)
Zwischen Strandleben und Götterwelt

 

BOTSWANA

Das Okavango-Delta – der Welt grösstes Binnendelta in der Kalahri. The Garden Eden in the Kalahari Desert.

Paradiesische Landschaft – gefährdetes Leben (Leben & Glauben)

Afrikas Ureinwohner sterben aus (Mittelland Zeitung)

Die Okavango-Sümpfe – bedrohtes Paradies in der Wüste (Basler Zeitung)

Okavango-Delta, der Garten Eden der Kalahari (Brückenbauer) 

Botswana: Biotop in der Wüste (AT/BT) 

Die Buschmänner sterben aus (Der Bund)   

Okavango Delta: Grandioses Wüsten-Biotop unter Wasser (..)

HIV-Kinder- und Oekoprojekte in 7 afrikanischen Ländern (..)

Besuch bei den Buschmännern im Okavango Delta (..)

 

BORNEO/MALAYSIA

Malaysia/Borneo: A Iban Headhunter village in the rain forest near Lake Batang Ai in Sarawak

Die Kopfjäger lassen grüssen (Südostschweiz)                                 

Können die Touristen die Orang Utan retten? (Brückenbauer)                    

Malaysia: Bei den versehrten Orang Utans in Borneo  (..)

Deutschland/Germany

Dresden’s Skyline with the augustus bridge, the cathedral and other historic buildings seen from Elbe-River

Gutedeltraubenkur in Badenweiler (Relax & Style)                                               

Hotel Bareiss in Beiersbronn  (Relax & Style)              

Süddeutschland’s schönste Golfplätze (Relax & Style)

Bayern’s schönste Golfplätze    (Relax & Style)

Die 3 fantastischen B’s in Baden-Baden

Dominikanische Republik

Dominikanische Republik, Luftaufnahme Küste von Punta Cana, Airshot form the coast of Punta Cana
Das Mallorca der Karibik ist eine Perle (Der Bund)                                              

Santo Domingo will Mittelpunkt der Welt werden    (Sonntags Zeitung)

FRANKREICH/FRENCH GUYANE

French Guyane: The former political prison on devils island near Cayenne and Kourou in the french Departement d’outre mer

Reisetipps Cevennen  (On Trip)             

Guayana: Wo Europa im Amazonas ausufert (Mittelland Ztg.) 

Ein Land zum Abheben (Blick)          

Bei den Fremdenlegionären im Survival Camp (Sonntags Blick)

Langedoc-Roussillon (Die Südostschweiz)

Langedoc-Roussillon: Ausflippen im Land der Wölfe    (…)        

Heideland statt Heidi-Land (..)

Süsee/Frz. Polynesien: Tahiti & Bora Bora

French Polynesia: Helicopter flight and airshot from Bora Bora Island

Südsee: An der Pforte zum Paradies (Brückenbauer) 

Polynesien: Himmel auf Erde (Der Bund) 

Südsee: Eintauchen ins Paradies   (Aargauer Zeitung)

Südsee der Himmel auf Erden (Vita Bella) 

Grossbritannien/UK

Ein buddhistischer Ayurveda-Mönch, Ernährungs- und Krebsspezialist zeigt die uralten Sanskrit Inschriften Buddhist monk and ayurvedic doctor showing old sanskrit letters

Karneval in Trinidad: Lebenslust und Protest (Brückenbauer)      

Protest und Lebenslust zu Calypso in London, Trinidad und Zürich (..)

Indien/India

Ayurveda: Am Puls des Lebens   (Wellness live) 

Im Reich der liebenden Hände (Wellness Magazin)

Ayurveda: Im Reich der Liebenden Hände (World of Wellness) 

Am Puls einer faszinierenden Medizin (World of Wellness)    

Sri Lanka’s schönste Ayurveda-Resorts (World of Wellness)

Sri Lanka’s beste Ayurveda-Resorts (World of Wellness)

Ayurveda: Auf dem Weg zum Gleichgewicht (Südostschweiz)

Wellness in der Ayurveda Heimat (Wellness live)                            

Hyppokrates war auch ein Ayurveda-Apostel (Wellness live)    

Wellness in der Ayurveda Heimat Indiens   (Wellness live)              

Wellness in der Ayurveda-Heimat (Wellness live)     

Indien: Kurz vor Moodis Wahl in Gujarat

 

INDONESIEN/LOMBOK

Kratersee des dritthöchsten indonesischen Vulkans auf der Insel Lombok. crater-lake at the 3rd biggest mountain in Indonesia on the Island Lombok next to Bali

Das Sasak-Reich tritt aus dem Schatten der Götterinsel (Der Bund)

Trekking auf den Mount Rinjani auf Lombok (Tages Anzeiger)

Lombok – die Alternative zu Balis Komerz (Basler Zeitung)      

Das Sasak-Reich tritt aus dem Schatten der Götterinsel (Aargauer Zeitung)   

KENIA

Kenyas beautifull Masai-Women parade at the VIP welcome-ceremony at Diani Reef Hotel

Kenya: Nach ethnischen Konflikten in der IKRK-Mission in Eldoret

KOLUMBIEN

Tempi passati am Amazonas (Airport Magazin)

Abenteuerlich von den Anden bis zum Amazonas (Der Bund)

 Kolumbien 97: Höllentrip im Dienste der Swissair (…)

KOMOREN

Comorian farmers are destillating Ylang Ylang plants to a perfume-essence. Komorische Bauern destillieren die Ylang Ylang Blüten zu einer Parfumessenz.

Komoren: Die Parfüminseln tauchen aus der Versenkung empor (…)

KUBA

Kubaner geniessen gerne ihre Freizeit am Malecon in Havanna; Cuban people enjoying leisure time at the Malecon in Havanna City.

Die Insel der Idealisten, die sich von Hoffnung (AT/BT)                                     

Zu wenig zum Leben, zuviel zum Sterben (Der Bund)                                              

Kuba-Krise im Touristenparadies (Sonntags Zeitung)      

Die Gesetze der Strasse (Globo)                    

Kuba’s Koloniale Pracht (Relax & Style)                          

Auf nach Varadero – es eilt! (St. Galler Tagblatt)

Ana Fidelia Quirot: Der Sport heilt alle Wunden (Blick)                                     

Lebensfreude in der Karibik (Unterwegs)

Zuckerinsel im sozialistischen Dollarrausch (Bund)        

LIBANON

Bild von Rafik Hariri, Libanons ermordeter Ministerpräsident an seiner Gedenkstätte im Zentrum Beiruts. Lebanons murderd minister president Rafik Hariri at his monument in the center of Beirut City.

Libanon: Im Beiruter Flüchtlingscamp «Schatila»  (Südostschweiz)

MAURITIUS

Im Botanischen GArten von Pamplemousse wachsen Riesen-Seerosten im Teich. In the botanical garden of Pamplemousse giant water-flowers are growing

Zuckerinsel im Tropenmeer (Wellness live)  

Weisse Strände, tiefblaues Meer  (Wellness live)  

Villenparadies am Palmenstrand  (World of Wellness)  

Aphrodite und Adonis im Spa Paradies (…) 

MALEDIVEN

Due to the uprising sea level the people have to fill up the beach with sand like here on Ihuru Island

Ein Requiem aufs Korallenriff (Solo)           

Die Ökozeitbombe tickt und tickt (AT/BT)   

Malediven 93: Die ersten Anzeichen des Klimawandels (…)

Vom Anfang bis zum Ende in nur 100 Jahren (St. Galler Tagblatt)             

 

MALAYSIA

Malaysia: A handicaped young Orang Utan lying on the rainforest wood bridge at the reha center in Sarawak on Borneo Island

Malaysia: Bei den versehrten Orang Utans in Borneo

Ritz Carlton, Kuala Lumpur (Excellence International)

MEXICO

Mexico: Mixteken-Indio-Osterprozessionen
Mexico: Mixteken-Indio-Osterprozessionen

Osterprozessionen der Mixteken und Indio-Aufstände

Kreuzweg im Kreuzfeuer der Religionen

Kreuzweg im Kreuzfeuer der Religionen (AT/BT)

Kreuzweg durch die Bergwelt Oaxacas (Der Bund)

Von Göttern inspiriertes, von Gott beselltes Indio-Reich (AT/BT)

Zukunftsprojekt ohne die Sünden der Vergangenheit (SoZ)

Mexicos wilder Süden (BB)

L’Etat rebelle du Chiapas (Contruire)

Kreuzweg der Religionen (NLZ)                     

Lockruf eines geschmähten Kontinents (SoZ)

Kreuzweg der Religionen (SHN)

PHILIPPINES

Philippines 95: Auf den Spuren der Geistheiler

Paradiese kurz vor dem Auftakt zum Massentourismus  (AT/BT)

Inselparadies für Abenteurer  (Südostschweiz)

Paradiese kurz vor dem Massentourismus (Der Bund)  

Inselparadies für Abenteurer (NLZ)

Inselwelt vom Feinsten (Südostschweiz)

SCHWEIZ

Frauenchor präsentiert Schweizer Folklore am Nationlfeiertag auf dem Bürkliplatz. Female chorus ans swiss folklore group at the national day in Zürich-city
Frost erhitzt die Gemüter. Kuoni Kos Debakel (Sonntags Zeitung)               
Für die Höchsten das Grösste (Sonntags Zeitung) 
Auch Mann liebt es auf die sanfte Tour (Sonntags Blick)  
Keiner kommt ungeschoren davon (Suedostschweiz) 
Swissair: Personelle Probleme schon vor dem Start  (Facts) 
Von der Marktgasse an den Malecon (Der Landbote)  
Das Blaue vom Himmel geschworen (Neue Luzerner Zeitung)
Wie vermeidet man Ferienfrust?  (Der Bund)
Ani Roth Pianistin  (Suedostschweiz) 
Entwickungszusammenarbeit: Helfen ist nichts für Abenteurer (Südostschweiz)
Konzentration im Reisebusiness  (Südostschweiz)  
Zur Abschreckung drei Nächte draussen (Weltwoche) 
Aufbruch zu neuen Horozonten  (Der Bund ? ) 
Schweiz: Bahn macht gegen Billigflieger mobi l (Pressetext)
Trügerische Wachstumseuphorie
Cresta Palalce in (Relax & Style)
Singapore Airlines: Im Himmelbett um die Welt reisen    (Relax & Style)
Waldhaus Flims: Ein grosser Entwurf Lichtjahre weg  (Relax & Style)  
Tourismus & Umwelt Forum: Begegnungen auf Reisen   (Eviva)
Online-Reisen: Schweiz strebt eine Mrd. Umsatz an (Pressetext)  
50 Jahre Jubiläum Zürich Airport
Wird die Swissair überleben?  (Der Bund)                     
Machtprobe im Reisemarkt (Aargauer Zeitung)  
Flugreisen: was gilt beim Gepäck  (Tages Anzeiger)

SRI LANKA

Der Half-Moon Zeremonie wohnen auch immer Elefanten bei.

Sri Lanka 1992: Die Perle des Orients nach dem Bürgerkrieg

Die Ayurveda-Insel (Relax & Style)             

Die Perle des Orients nach dem Bürgerkrieg (Südostschweiz) 

Ayurveda-Resort Vergleich (World of Wellness) 

Hinter dem Checkpoint liegt das Paradies (Tagi)                                                     

SUEDAFRIKA

Gordons Bay at a beautifull sunset with view to the Cape Peninsula. Südafrika: Fantastisches Abendlicht/stimmung über Gordons BAy Harbour mit Blick auf die Kaphalbinsel. Wolken, Ocean, Meer, Hafen, Abendlicht, Sonnenuntergang

Südafrika: Im Kampf gegen die Apartheid im Untergrund (…)

Apartheid: Das rabenschwarze Kapitel der Schweiz (…)

Makabere Waffengeschäfte und Atomdeals gedeckt vom Schweizer Politfilz (…)

Aufarbeitung eines düsteren Kapitels der Schweiz in Südafrika (…)

Die Schweiz als Apartheid-Gehilfe der Buren (…)

Mandelas Besuch in der Schweiz  (…)

(…)

Tierparks so gross wie die Schweiz (SoBli) 

Der Kleine Kosmos am Kap (Sonntags Zeitung) 

Bushmen-Medizin am schönsten Ende der Welt (Wellness live) 

Demokratie in den Untergrund   (Wochenzeitung)  

Ökopioniere und sozial Engagierte  (Relax & Style)

Sanfter Tourismus ist von grosser sozialer Bedeutung   (Der Bund)

Der neue Feind heisst Kriminalität  (AZ) 

Beim Büffel auf den Baum  (Südostschweiz)

Guerrissseurs Africaines  (OnTrip)

Nächster Halt am Zebrastreifen (Reiseplaner)

African Healer (On Trip)   (On Trip)  

Südafrika steht ein Bombenjahr bevor (Tages Anzeiger)

Alle 40 Minuten wird ein Mensch getötet (Tages-Anzeiger)

Vom ANC-Aktivist zum Tourismuspromotor (Travel Inside)

Das Shamwari Game Reserve braucht Platz (Travel Inside)  ZA_Shamwari

Wein, Wildlife & Welness (World of Wellness) 

Bien-êtra, dégustation de grand cru et vie sauvage (View)

Das schöne Ende des Kontinents (Neue Luzerner Zeitung)

Auch die Wüste wird erobert (Landbote)

TUERKEI

Unesco Weltkulturerbe: Felsformationen im Göreme Nationalpark, Kappadokien, Zentralanatolien. Stone formations in Göreme Nationalpark, Central-Anatolia.

Planet Kappadokien (Tourbillon)              

VIETNAM

Vietnames high school girs and boy’s at final celebration in Hanoi

Asiens Tigerstaat auf dem Sprung   (Relax & Style)

Die starken Frauen von Lang Bien  (Modeblatt)

Vietnam entwickelt sich schneller als ein Polaroid  (View)

Vietnam zwischen Coca Coola und Ho Chi Min  (Neue Luzerner Zeitung)

Ein letzter Spaziergang vor dem Vergessen   (Basler Zeitung)

Vom Fieber des song voi ergriffen (…)                           

Honda ist wichtiger als Ho Chi Minh (Der Bund)